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Full text of "Fasting for the cure of disease"

(FOUUTH EDITION) 



DR. LINDA BURFIELD HAZZARD 



Ex Libris 
C. K. OGDEJV 




Linda Bui-field Hazznrd, F. S., D. O. 



FASTING FOR 

THE CURE OF 

DISEASE 

(FOURTH EDITION) 

BY 
DR. LINDA BURFIELD HAZZARD 



PUBLISHED BY 

THE PHYSICAL CULTURE PUBLISING 
COMPANY 

NEW YORK CITY, U. S. A. 



COPYRIGHT 

1908 

1910 
1912 



All rights of foreign translation reserved. 



PREFACE 

THE several years that have passed since 
the second edition of this work was is- 
sued have brought daily proof of the 
success of the claims then made. In this, 
the third edition, the author trusts that im- 
proved form, more numerous citations, and 
greater detail will serve to stimulate both 
the scientific and the popular mind to a realiz- 
ation of the importance of systematic inves- 
tigation of the theory and the practice of 
Fasting for the Prevention and the Cure of 
Disease. 

Again the author desires to acknowledge 
her indebtedness to Dr. Edward Hooker 
Dewey, now deceased, for his counsel and 
personal guidance in the early years of her 
practice. She is also deeply sensible of the 
encouragement and material support of pa- 
tients and friends, in default of which the 
success that has attended her efforts in ad- 



1CSCS86 



PREFACE 



vancing the work in hand would many times 
have failed of accomplishment. 

The author cannot flatter herself with the 
thought that she will succeed in convincing 
all who read this book of the truth it presents, 
for any question that concerns inducing be- 
lief in other minds is seldom settled by argu- 
ment. But, if it be capable of practical solu- 
tion, its worth is easily discovered through 
trial. And it is thus with the fast. But, be- 
cause of almost universal dependence upon 
specialized advice, and because of human de- 
sire for tangible remedy, the method is hard 
to follow. It involves rigid self-denial in 
its initial stages and after it is broken it 
may prove disagreeable in application. If, 
for one moment, the immeasurable benefits 
that accrue from bodily purification and re- 
newal are lost sight of, bitter lessons are 
taught. The slow processes of nature can 
never be hurried in action. Time elapses in 
the development of disease, and time must 
elapse ere cure results. Impatience is the evil 
underlying world-dependence upon drugs. 
Quickness of action is demanded, and a 
symptom suppressed is a cure accomplished 
in medical parlance. But, is this true? 
The text explains. 

vi 



PREFACE 



Every step that is taken in developing the 
practice of treatment of disease by natural 
methods is met with opposition which, in 
many instances, amounts to persecution. The 
research covered by this work, and especially 
that which involved post mortem examina- 
tion, was hampered by medical intervention 
and was accomplished only through sheer de- 
termination and the assistance of a few broad 
minds in authority. The author believes that 
these autopsies are unique in the history of 
the healing art. No other investigator in her 
ken has had opportunity to connect the origin 
of disease with the immediate cause of death 
its organic consequence. The latter, in all 
cases, have the additional advantage and 
scientific value of being exhibited free from 
the effects of drugs. 

Stress must be laid upon the truth in the 
statement that the fast is but a means to an 
end. Full vigor and complete recuperation 
are not to be had in a moment, and the com- 
pleted benefits of the treatment are seldom 
enjoyed until three, four, or six months after 
the end of abstinence. Patience, self-denial, 
and faith are the moral requirements, with 
physical regeneration as the reward for their 
exercise. 

vii 



PREFACE 



In describing the symptoms of disease and 
the anatomy of the body, it has been neces- 
sary to use terms that are technical in charac- 
ter. To render the text perfectly intelligible 
to the lay mind, a glossary has been appended 
which contains the definitions of all words 
difficult of interpretation. 

The facts presented and the arguments 
made are intended primarily for general in- 
telligence; but, since the facts are corrobor- 
ated, it is hoped that earnest investigation 
will follow by those who seek truth in its 
every phase. The author claims no origin- 
ality in theory, either philosophical or physi- 
ological, but she insists upon the recognition 
of her thoroughness of detail in research, and 
of her confidence in practical demonstration. 

LINDA BURFIELD HAZZARD. 
Olalla, Washington, December, 1912. 



viii 



CONTENTS 

CHAPTER PAGE 

PREFACE II 

I. FASTING 17 

II. STARVATION 27 

III. WHEN AND WHY TO FAST 34 

IV. PREPARATION FOR THE FAST 49 

V. SYMPTOMS 6l 

VI. THE DURATION OF THE FAST 91 

VII. BREAKING THE FAST 103 

VIII. THE ENEMA 115 

IX. FOOD AND DISEASE 131 

X. REST AND ELIMINATION 143 

XI. AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 153 

XII. DIET 169 

XIII. MENTAL AND BODILY REACTION 187 

XIV. CHILDREN IN THE FAST 203 

XV. SEXUAL DISEASES AND THE FAST 219 

XVI. DIFFICULTIES IN CONDUCTING THE FAST. 231 

XVII. CURES BY FASTING 251 

XVIII. DEATH IN THE FAST 293 

XIX. SCHOOLS OF NATURAL HEALING 341 

GLOSSARY S47 

ix 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



Linda Burfield Hazzard, D.O., F.S. . Frontispiece 
Mrs. J. Case of Obesity . Following Page 30 

Mrs. J., at End of Thirty four 

Day Fast Preceding Page SI 

J. G. Case of Addiction to 
Drugs 

J. G. Six Months After Com- 
pletion of Fast .... 

R. J. Case of Malnutrition 

and Spinal Curvature . . Facing Page 

Alimentary Canal 

B. H. Case of Intestinal Dis- 
order in One-year-old Child 

R. M. Case of Bronchial 
Pneumonia in Four-year-old 



Following Page 42 
Preceding Page 43 



Child 



A. H. Case of Serious Chronic 
Stomach Disease .... 

Mrs. E. S. Case of Biliousness 
During Pregnancy .... 

Two Fasting Subjects F. T. 
and J. T. . 



67 

124 

209 

213 

277 
280 
284 



Appetite is Craving; Hunger it Desire. Craving 
is never satisfied; but Desire is relieved when Want is 
Supplied. 

Eating without Hunger, or pandering to Appetite 
at the expense of Digestion, makes Disease inevitable. 



xffl 



Some, as thou saws't, by violent stroke shall die, 

By fire, flood, famine; by intemperance more 

In meats and drinks, which on the Earth shall bring 

Diseases dire, of which a monstrous crew 

Before thee shall appear, that thou mays't know 

What misery the inabstinence of Eve 

Shall bring on men. 

If thou well observe - 

The rule of "Not too much" by temperance taught 
In what thou eat'st and drink'st, seeking from thence 
Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight. 
Till many years over thy head return; 
So may'st thou live, till, like ripe fruit, thou drop 
Into thy mother's lap, or be with ease 
Gathered, not harshly plucked, for death mature. 

John Milton, "Paradise Lost." 



xv 



CHAPTER I 

FASTING 

IN order that a clear grasp of the subject 
matter of the text may be obtained, a 
short explanation of the fast and of the 
principles upon which its efficacy in the 
treatment of disease is based is essential. It 
will also be necessary, for the purpose of de- 
fining the distinction that exists between 
Fasting and Starvation, to discuss in a fol- 
lowing chapter the physiological changes de- 
veloped in the progress of the latter, since, 
in the popular mind, the two processes in- 
volved are vaguely considered as one and the 
same. 

Fasting is defined as follows: The vol- 
untary denial of food to a system, which 
is diseased, and which, because of disease, 
does not require nourishment until rested, 
cleansed, and eager again to take up the 
labor of digestion. Then, and not till then, 
is food supplied; then, and not till then, 
does starvation begin. 

17 



FASTING 



Relieving physical illness by voluntary 
withholding food is based upon the logical 
conclusion of the argument herein that, no 
matter what are the various names attached 
to the forms in which disease is manifested, 
there is but one cause for all of its outward 
and inward signs. The sole source of bodily 
ills is impure blood. The cause of impure 
blood is imperfect digestion. 

An important distinction in conditions 
here needs exposition: 

Organic disease, whether inherent or the 
result of continued functional disturbance 
or physical shock, is that in which one or 
more of the internal organs of the body is 
deformed, undeveloped, or otherwise dis- 
abled so as to prevent or to curtail its work, 
a state comparable to that of a machine with 
a missing cog. 

Functional disease is that in which the or- 
gans themselves are in condition to do their 
work naturally, but have become unable to 
function because of poisonous congestion, the 
result of food taken into the body beyond 
the amount which the system needs for main- 
tenance. Such surplus ferments and putre- 
fies in the intestinal canal and elsewhere, 
producing toxins that are absorbed into the 

18 



FASTING 



blood, thus impairing its quality and func- 
tionally hampering the vital processes. Ex- 
tra labor is also entailed upon the organs 
assailed, since they are stimulated in un- 
wonted degree by the presence of substances 
harmf uj to their action. 

Inherent organic disease is a cause in itself 
of imperfect digestion, for, when it is pres- 
ent, the organs are partially or entirely crip- 
pled from birth. While this form of disease 
is beyond the hope of cure, its harmful re- 
sults upon the body may be reduced to a 
minimum by means of the fast, and a com- 
bination of this method of treatment with 
scientific dieting will lengthen the life of the 
unfortunate victim to the extent to which a 
defective organism permits vitality to op- 
erate. 

Functional disease and its ultimate result, 
functionally-caused organic disease, are the 
consequences of digestion impaired by incor- 
rect methods in feeding, by improper selec- 
tion of food, and by excess supply. In any 
of these circumstances, as has been said, pois- 
ons are produced that injure the system, 
until finally the condition becomes general 
and disease is apparent. As a matter of fact, 
the subject cannot have been ignorant of in- 

19 



FASTING 

ternal disturbance for some time previous to 
actual disability, for minor aches and pains 
have given ample warning. Mild preventive 
steps, taken when symptoms first appear, 
shut off by anticipative action later drastic 
measures. "An ounce of prevention \s worth 
a pound of cure." The power resident in na- 
ture of contending against bodily abuse is 
limited only by individual characteristics, and 
a positive halt is not called until, through ne- 
glect, the physical machinery has been 
clogged with food rubbish and its products, 
and equilibrium has been overturned. 

It is possible that at first sight the princi- 
ples here set down cannot be fully appre- 
hended, but, as important premises to the 
argument, they are again enumerated for 
reference by the student in connection with 
the body of the text : 

The source of all symptoms of disease is 
impure blood. 

Impure blood is caused by impaired diges- 
tion. 

Impaired digestion results from 

(a) Taking into the body food 
wrongly selected in kind or in quantity, 
wrongly prepared, or wrongly masti- 
cated. 

90 



FASTING 



(b) Taking into the body food that 
may have been correctly selected, pre- 
pared, and eaten, but in quantity greater 
than is needed for the repair and growth 
of tissue cells. 

If any of these causes is operative, food 
ingested ferments and putrefies, generating 
a circulating poison that creates and con- 
tinues disease until the producing cause can 
be cast out by the organs of elimination. 

Inherent organic disease and functionally- 
caused organic disease in its later stages em- 
body defects in form, size, or cell-structure of 
any one of the vital organs. Except in rare 
instances, through surgical intervention, such 
structural deficiencies are beyond the hope of 
cure, but a scientific dietary, combined with 
judicious application of the fast and its ac- 
cessories, will afford relief and prolong ex- 
istence. 

In purely functional disease the vital or- 
gans are normally developed and physically 
perfect in structure, but, clogged and laden 
with the accumulation of the toxic products 
of food excess, their functions are impeded 
or totally arrested. Functional disease is a 
condition that admits of complete recovery, 
and, even in its acute forms, cure is a cer- 

91 



FASTING 



tainty where natural law is permitted its 
course. 

Any symptom of disease in the body is evi- 
dence of poison circulating in the blood and 
deposited in the tissues. The conventional 
medical method of attack invariably aims at 
the suppression of the symptom rather than 
at the removal of its cause. 

Hunger and disease cannot exist simul- 
taneously in the human frame, and natural 
methods of cure take this fact into considera- 
tion, assuming first, the unity of disease, and 
second, the means indicated by nature for 
restoration of health. When hunger is ab- 
sent, food is not required, and all animate 
creation, save man, obeys the primal law of 
abstinence when the physical scale no longer 
balances. Recognizing that disease arises 
from a single source, the method of the fast 
recognizes as well a unity of cure rest for 
organs overworked and abused, and prompt 
removal by natural mechanical aids of filth 
productive of substances noxious to health. 

To revert to the symptoms of disease the 
function of digestion is generally regarded 
as an extensive and complicated process, and 
it is so closely related to the functions of 
other parts of the body that it is difficult to 

22 



FASTING 

describe the bounds, if any, beyond which di- 
gestion has no influence. The digestive ap- 
paratus is commonly spoken of as including 
the alimentary canal and those important 
glands that contribute secretions to the suc- 
cessive processes involved ; but, as absorption 
and assimilation, on the one hand, and forma- 
tion and withdrawal of waste products, on 
the other, are so nearly related to preliminary 
digestion, it is impossible to form a clear con- 
ception of disease of the digestive organs 
without observing the state of other and con- 
tributory parts of the body. While it makes 
for simplicity of description to exclude those 
organs not commonly grouped with the di- 
gestive apparatus, this does not result in a 
correct understanding, and therefore, if an 
explanation is to be found, not only for a 
disturbed physiological state, but also, in 
instances, for structural changes in the di- 
gestive organs, the field must be widened, 
and study be directed to the nervous system, 
including its physical manifestations, to the 
fluids of the body, to the rebuilding and 
breaking-down of tissue, and to the elimi- 
native functions as well. Unconsciously, a 
great part of the importance of this general 
view is perhaps recognized when it is assumed 

23 



FASTING 



that good digestion depends upon restful 
sleep, fresh air, sunlight, physical exercise, 
and activity of the bowels, kidneys, and skin. 
Disregarding these essential matters, it is 
difficult to apprehend the nature of digestive 
disturbances, or to prescribe for their relief. 
It may truly be said of an individual that, in 
a sense, his digestive ailment arises in the 
brain, in the lungs, in the heart, or in the kid- 
neys, but the distinctions and differences 
heretofore stated must be clearly kept in 
mind, lest the idea of the unity of disease be 
clouded. The study of disease of the stomach 
is not limited to that organ, but is the expres- 
sion there of disturbances that may be widely 
distributed throughout the body. Medicine 
has sought to give disease specifically classi- 
fied names based upon locality of symptom, 
but this, it is seen, is only a relatively justifia- 
ble conception. There are no symptoms 
referable solely to the kidneys, to the heart, 
or to the blood ; the man is sick from a single 
cause ; his illness appears here or there. 

The advance toward unity of thought and 
of action goes on in all scientific fields, and it 
is logical to believe that the important place 
occupied in the universe by the body of man 
should long since have been completely de- 

M 



FASTING 



fined, and that the disturbances of the physi- 
cal functions of the human edifice should 
have been traced to their single source. 

The doctrine of Unity in the Cause and 
Cure of Disease, as set forth in the text of 
this work, has been carefully and earnestly 
investigated through a period of over sixteen 
years. Thousands of cases have been handled, 
and each instance has confirmed the convic- 
tion that the principle involved is absolutely 
sound. It has stood all tests. Where death 
has occurred, the autopsy showed organic de- 
fects, inherent, or acquired through years of 
continued functional abuse. These defects 
alone made death inevitable, whether the 
patient be fasting or feeding. 

So far as can be accomplished in a work of 
this size, the fasting method of cure and the 
results of its application in the regeneration 
of the body and the mind are fully discussed. 
All that is asked of the reader is that preju- 
dice be laid aside, and that the subject be ap- 
proached without bias, keeping before the 
eye of the mind the words of the Apostle : 
"Prove all things; hold fast that which is 
good." 



35 



CHAPTER II 



STARVATION 



"Repletion and Starvation may both do harm in two 
contrary extremes." 

Burton: Anatomy of Melancholy. 



CHAPTER II 

STARVATION 

DEATH from starvation frequently oc- 
curs when the body is overfed. The 
purpose of food is that of nourishing 
body tissue, a purely mechanical process for 
use in growth and rebuilding. In the event 
that, through errors in digestion, organic de- 
fect, or fault in the functions of absorption 
and assimilation, tissue waste is not replaced 
as broken down, starvation and death result. 
If any one of these conditions exists, the 
more food supplied, the less resistance to 
disease succeeds, since energy is then directed 
towards the elimination of food products 
that cannot be utilized because of physical 
inability in the ultimate processes of growth. 
Exhaustion and, after a time, death occur. 

Death from starvation cannot take place 
in a fast when organic disease is absent. In 
every animate body a reserve supply of 
nourishment is held in the interstices of tissue 
cells. The brain and the nerves are directly 




Mrs. J. Obesity. Photograph of subject taken 
before treatment; weight, 250 pounds. 




Mrs. J. at end of fast of thirty-four days, 

weight 14-5 pounds. A remarkable reduction 

of 105 pounds accomplished by treatment. 



STARVATION 



mine disasters, and the like, digestive func- 
tion is paralyzed primarily by mental appre- 
hension due to the situation. If death occur 
in these circumstances, within several days or 
weeks, it must be attributed, not to want of 
nourishment, but to the effect of general 
emotional exhaustion upon physical force. 

For the purposes of the text, Starvation 
may be defined as the denial of food by acci- 
dent or design to a system, non-diseased, but 
clamoring for sustenance. Hunger indicates 
the need, and, whenever its call is sounded, 
fatal consequences ensue in case of neglect or 
omission to feed. 

Thus emphasizing the distinction between 
the state of the human body in a fast, and its 
condition in the process of starvation, de- 
tailed examination of these subjects is left 
for other chapters. 



CHAPTER III 
WHEN AND WHY TO FAST 

'The When The Why It Boots It Now To Tell." 

Byron. 



CHAPTER III 

WHEN AND WHY TO FAST 

IT is, perhaps, difficult for the average 
mind to grasp the fundamental natural 
principle of the Unity of Disease to re- 
alize that disease is not only the warning of 
nature, but her remedy in sickness. The 
symptoms expressing disease may be specifi- 
cally named and classified it may be said 
that a patient suffers from Bright's Disease, 
from eczema, from diphtheria, or from small- 
pox, but behind the symptom lies the cause, 
and the body is not to be thought of as ill in 
a special locality or in an individualized or- 
gan. It is sick as a whole, though the signs 
of its ailment are more visible or more se- 
verely expressed in one locality or another. 
Illness results when balance no longer exists 
between nutrition and elimination, with the 
consequence that the blood-current is vitiated 
at its source, the resistive powers lowered, 
and germ-soil produced. One remedy alone 
can cope with this condition, and it is that 

35 



FASTING 



which nature suggests and employs elimi- 
nation of the poisonous products of digestive 
ferment, and rest for organs, that have been 
functioning under stress. It is thus seen that, 
not only is a unity to be recognized in the 
cause of disease, but that there exists an equal 
unity in natural means of relief and cure. 

Here is perceived the peculiar office of the 
fast it is the unit cure. As pointed -out else- 
where, the lower animals by instinct employ 
it when ill, and its efficiency in disease, func- 
tional and organic, when applied to human- 
kind, is fully substantiated and daily cor- 
roborated. 

Disease affects every cell in the animal 
body. The fast in its operation and results 
equally affects the body as a whole. What 
matter, if, in attaining the extreme ends of 
purification, the body is reduced to a mini- 
mum of flesh? Organs and frame-work still 
remain by which and upon which to build a 
new, purified, and resistive structure for 
future needs. 

The simplest forms in which bodily illness 
is expressed are the various rashes that ap- 
pear upon the skin. These result directly 
from stomach-abuse from inability of that 
organ to carry on its work because of over- 

36 



WHENANDWHYTOFAST 

work or of food improperly supplied. Elimi- 
nation through bowels, kidneys, and lungs is 
by nature continued to the limit of the power 
of these organs. They may be overtaxed, and 
then but one avenue remains for the escape 
of surplus impurity the skin. It responds, 
and in responding, suffers. Sometimes it is 
the skin itself that is called upon to work to 
its limit, or it may be that it is affected by 
exposure and chill with closing of its 
pores ; then the excess of waste is discharged 
through mucus membrane or through lungs, 
and colds and pneumonia appear. Equal 
balance must exist among all the organs of 
elimination. Each must perform its allotted 
task proportionately with the others. And 
the arms of the scale of intake and outgo 
must likewise remain at level, and they do so 
maintain balance in health. Any excess of 
weight on one side or the other means disease. 
The fast as a remedy is universally indi- 
cated never specially so. There are no 
diseases, but only one disease. And for this 
there is but one remedy. No need exists in 
health for the employment of measures for 
the alleviation of pain and distress, for the 
reason that these signs are non-evident when 
physical balance exists. Remedial means are 

37 



FASTING 



necessary only in illness, and then, and then 
alone, should the fast and its accessories be 
applied. 

Before entering upon a fast, illness must 
be manifested, and the patient, whether 
under guidance or conducting his own case, 
should fully grasp the details of the truth 
that physical lack of balance is due to a single 
cause. The symptoms that are present, or 
that may arise thereafter in the fast or when 
on diet, need occasion no alarm, for their 
source is understood, and their meaning is a 
therapeutic one. Nature is in process of puri- 
fying the body is casting out its waste, and 
is cleansing the system in preparation for 
active, healthy rebuilding. The omission of 
food permits natural law to operate unham- 
pered, and it is the only method by which 
natural assistance can be given with the as- 
surance of permanent relief and cure. The 
alleviation of symptomatic distress is ac- 
complished locally by simple hygienic means 
dry heat, hot fomentations, cold applica- 
tions, sunlight, fresh air, osteopathic manipu- 
lation, chiropractic adjustment, and the 
enema. 

The time to fast is when ill. And illness 
never occurs at the convenient moment. Its 

38 



WHENANDWHYTOFAST 

warnings may be present in summer or in 
winter, and they must promptly be heeded 
regardless of personal inclination or of cli- 
matic condition. To wait until disease de- 
velops locally is disastrous, and diagnosis is 
unnecessary, for natural treatment in any 
and all illness is identical in essence, and 
varies only in minor details. True, it is more 
pleasant to carry out a fast in warm weather, 
but this should never deter an ailing body 
from fasting in winter. Artificial means of 
maintaining room temperature are always 
available, and the hygienic requirements may 
be utilized with equal success whether the 
outer air be warm or cold. 

As a matter of fact the substance of the 
argument indicates that winter is the natural 
season of rest and recuperation. Outdoor na- 
ture is dormant. Many animals hibernate, 
and all prepare for the growing period, the 
resurrection of spring. Mankind, because of 
artificial environment and custom, and with 
the mistaken idea that body-heat is derived 
entirely from fuel consumed, from food in- 
gested, eats more heavily in winter, and ap- 
proaches spring with a system overloaded 
with waste and in no condition to meet the 
work-time of the year. Spring-fever and 

39 



FASTING 

spring-tonics are household terms, and epi- 
demic disease is more prevalent then than at 
any other season. But again, remedy for 
disease should be used only when disease is 
manifested. 

On the other hand, the social surroundings 
of a fasting patient are of the utmost import. 
The effect of mental states upon the physical 
body is too well known to dwell upon in this 
connection, and another chapter deals with 
this subject in all of its aspects. When 
friends and family object to the treatment, 
they object because of ignorance of the pur- 
pose of the method and of the details of its 
application. Affection, too, may enter into 
their opposition, and they, in their ignorance 
fear the outcome. The simple truth that 
underlies the method is usually easy to im- 
press upon a mind situate in a body long dis- 
eased. But, often, convincing a patient is 
only half the battle, for relatives and friends 
resist to the point of compulsion. Since peace 
of mind and quiet environment are essential 
to successful issue, it is best to remove from 
anxious but misguided intimates, permitting 
them to await in ignorance of immediate 
trials the results that prove the wisdom of 
conviction. 

40 



WHENANDWHYTOFAST 

Worry, anger, and grief are also most 
detrimental to progress towards cure. One 
instance comes to mind in which a case had 
fasted but eight days for functional disease 
of no especial gravity. Improvement had 
been continuous, but differences existed be- 
tween the patient and her husband, and the 
latter, in an interview with his wife on the 
eighth day of her fast, so angered and dis- 
tressed her that a nervous congestive chill, 
with suffusion of blood to the brain and 
lungs, occurred, and death resulted immedi- 
ately from these causes. No amount of argu- 
ment could convince the orthodox mind that 
the fast had not brought about death in this 
case. But the woman would have died just 
as surely had the scene described taken place 
before the omission of food, when the patient 
was ill and nervously weaker than at the time 
when anger and grief were so strongly ex- 
cited. 

In cases of functional disease, when the 
patient is not so depleted as to be bed-ridden, 
moderate daily exercise is most beneficial. In 
fact, it is recommended that the ordinary 
duties of life be continued, if such be possible. 
In many instances this can be done, and bene- 
fit accrues from exercise, because of its as- 

41 



FASTING 



sistance to elimination, and from mental 
work, because of its value in diverting the 
mind from contemplation of physical ills. 
Numbers of fasters can safely follow their 
usual vocations, and, again, others are com- 
pelled to rest throughout the period of ab- 
stinence. The majority of the latter are, 
however, sufferers from organic defects, in- 
cipient or advanced in character, and sooner 
or later the facts are uncovered in the course 
of treatment. 

One thought may be impressed at this 
point. The patient should so occupy himself, 
in so far as he can, that his illness and his 
treatment are not at any time uppermost in 
his mind. The method in its infancy has 
numbered among the majority of its patients 
chronic invalids, medically treated for years, 
and accustomed to constant thought of per- 
sonal pain and distress. The relief occasioned 
by the fast very often permits these cases to 
forget their ailments, and to devote their at- 
tention to the duties of life. Occupation and 
amusement assist materially in accomplish- 
ing this result. 

In the ordinary case of functional disease 
the fast to complete purification should be 




J. G. Victim of drug habit. Photograph depicts appear- 
ance at end of his fast of fifty days. 




J. G. Six months after completion of fast. A complete 

physical and moral transformation was the 

result of treatment in this case. 



WHENANDWHYTOFAST 

employed. The law of hunger determines its 
duration, and, all other things being equal, 
the surroundings and mental attitude in ac- 
cord, this course will assure restoration to 
health. When the environment is not con- 
genial, or when, in the mind of the director 
of treatment, the condition of the patient is 
such as to require the suggestive effect of 
food, occasions may arise when the partial 
fast or the interrupted fast may be used to 
advantage. Sometimes, too, the facilities for 
carrying out a complete fast are not at hand, 
and here the partial fast may be deemed a 
better policy than its finished product. The 
end is eventually identical, although it is 
somewhat longer in accomplishment when 
the partial or interrupted fast is employed. 

There are cases in which the poisonous pro- 
ducts of digestive putrefaction are present in 
such quantity as to tax the eliminative organs 
beyond their capability. In fact, when ser- 
ious and extreme symptoms occur after the 
beginning of a fast, it is virtually certain that 
organic defects exist, and caution and knowl- 
edge are then needed in carrying the fast to 
its conclusion. Because of the general belief 
that every symptom is a separate disease, the 
ordinary mind regards the symptom to the 

43 



FASTING! 



exclusion of the disturbance producing it. 
When a symptom of disease appears in ag- 
gravated form after years of intermittent 
occurrence, experience leads to the conclusion 
that organic change has taken place, and that 
disease is due no longer to functional de- 
rangement, but to actual organic defect. 
Here the partial or the interrupted fast is 
found desirable, not because the protracted 
fast would not accomplish the results with 
better prospect of successful outcome, but be- 
cause the average patient regards the symp- 
tom as the cause, and fails to appreciate 
what its temporary aggravation in the pro- 
tracted fast implies. Increase in severity of 
symptom may occur and does occur in 
periods of dieting also. 

An organ mechanically defective, especi- 
ally if it be eliminative in function, cannot be 
expected to work to full capacity. It may be 
able partially to perform its task, but, pushed 
beyond a point, it will assuredly fail to re- 
spond. In the fast all vital parts are engaged 
in a supreme process of purification of cast- 
ing out waste matter. And, when it is seen, 
through aggravated symptoms, that one or 
other of these is incapable of full duty, the 
progress of elimination may be checked by 

44 



WHENANDWHYTOFAST 

interrupting the periods of abstinence with 
intervals of diet. 

The only alleviation that can be ac- 
complished when distress occurs in a fast, is 
that which may be obtained by assisting na- 
ture hygienically. Little can be done in case 
of severe symptoms save to await results, but 
the enema is an all-important ally, and in- 
variably brings immediate relief, while hot 
applications for pulse and temperature below 
normal, and cold applications for the oppo- 
site condition, are essential as well. The par- 
tial and the interrupted fast, whether indi- 
cated in the manner described or entered into 
from policy, are always beneficial. 

The post mortem examinations cited in the 
text reveal the fact that it is impossible for 
one to die in the fast unless the vital organs 
are in such condition prior to entering absti- 
nence that death is inevitable whether food is 
taken or not. Symptoms severe in character 
result, in the fast or out of it, from organs 
that are below normal in size or that are mis- 
placed or defective in structure. And, when 
distressing conditions arise in the fast, the 
safer and the saner thing to do is to continue 
the omission of food to the point of purifica- 
tion, rather than to return to feeding or to re- 

45 



FASTING 



sort to the partial fast. The process of elimi- 
nation accomplishes but one thing the cast- 
ing out of waste and to return to feeding 
puts extra labor upon organs already over- 
taxed. Vital parts are often defective in 
structure due to wrong treatment in the 
growing period, or to inherent deficiency, 
and then, when the fast is invoked, the symp- 
toms are invariably distressing. When, dur- 
ing the omission of food, symptoms of pain 
and distress are aggravated, and resort to 
food is taken, the trouble is only increased, 
and the patient finds himself in deeper water 
than before. 

Fruit juices and liquid vegetable foods are 
the proper diet indicated when the fast is 
broken before its completion or at its logical 
end, since these are easily handled and place 
no great tax upon digestion. When acid 
fruits are not tolerated, the fast may be 
broken on vegetable broths alone. Various 
vegetables and cereals lend themselves readi- 
ly to the preparation of broths suitable for 
the purpose named. Tomatoes, carrots, 
asparagus, rice, and barley, and garden pro- 
duce generally may be utilized. But nothing 
can quite take the place of the broth from to- 
matoes, for this vegetable, though slightly 

46 



WHENANDWHYTOFAST 

acid in composition, seems to satisfy both 
taste and nutrition at any and all times. 
Even in a fast, when serious symptoms are 
present, the broth from the tomato may be 
given for the relief of distress. The prepara- 
tion of this vegetable may be referred to as 
a counterpart of that of the others, and it is 
here described. Two pounds of tomatoes are 
stewed with about two cups of water. The 
boiling should continue for approximately 
fifteen or twenty minutes, and the broth 
should be slightly seasoned, then strained so 
that no large solid particles enter the stom- 
ach. One cup of this product served hot often 
answers as a means of complete relief from 
pain, and it is the ideal food upon which to 
break a fast as well. 

The drinking of water during a fast is not 
needful unless thirst is indicated. When the 
latter sensation makes demand, only suffi- 
cient water to satisfy it should be taken. The 
forcing of water upon the body when no de- 
sire exists taxes organs already burdened. 
Water should not be thrown into the stomach 
in gulps. It should be sipped, especially 
when fasting, for it then causes no shock to 
the system. Thirst is not always evident in a 
fast, since, when properly conducted, water 

47 



FASTING 



is supplied to the body through absorption 
from the vehicle of the enema. The kidneys 
are flushed from this source, and the fluids 
of the tissues are maintained in the same 
manner. A knowledge of this fact will re- 
lieve the tortures of the shipwrecked mariner, 
for an enema of sea-water, in addition to its 
cleansing properties, will satisfy thirst. 



CHAPTER IV 



PREPARATION FOR THE FAST 



"Do not think that what is hard for thee to master 
if impossible for man; but if a thing is possible and 
proper to man, deem it attainable by thee." 

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. 



CHAPTER 

PREPARATION FOR THE FAST 

WHEN disease appears in human- 
kind, it is, as said before, not only a 
warning but a curative process. 
The disturbing element needs removal, the 
tired, abused organs need rest and repair. 
Instinctively real food desire, true hunger, 
disappears ; in fact, for some time previous to 
actual disability, hunger has been absent. 
Appetite or stimulated demand for susten- 
ance may, however, remain in evidence even 
after illness is manifest; but disease and 
hunger cannot exist at the same time within 
the human body. 

Bodily functions are swift in their adapta- 
bility to circumstances, and bodily organs ac- 
comodate themselves and their labors even to 
abuse. Consequently, in a system accustomed 
to years of excess food supply, nature car- 
ries on existence in spite of handicap until 
accumulation and subsequent decomposition 
institute disease. Were the subject to recog- 

51 



FASTING 



nize the fact that prevention of later evil lies 
entirely in his own hands, the greater part of 
physical suffering would be eradicated; but 
prevention compels personal denial in per- 
sonal habit and enjoyment; and denial in 
these respects is the hardest of all virtues to 
inculcate and to practice. 

The simplicity of the application of the 
fast constitutes its chief drawback. To the 
mind convinced on final argument of the effi- 
cacy of the method, nothing is more easy than 
to begin the omission of the daily ration, ir- 
respective of the mental and physiological 
changes that are involved. Food stimulation, 
always an important factor in disease, as- 
serts the power of habit over the body; and, 
even though the will of the patient has been 
brought to understand the futility of de- 
pendence upon artificial aids to health, as em- 
bodied in medicine and in methods akin to it, 
general knowledge is lacking concerning the 
proper means to pursue in order to overcome 
habit and to meet the physiological mutations 
that ensue when food is denied the body for 
the purpose of prevention or of cure. 

The cultivation of a habit is a slow and in- 
sidious process, and so, in lesser degree, is its 
destruction. Abruptly to cease an act or a 



PREPARATION FOR FAST 

bodily function that has become constant 
causes both physical and mental disturbances. 
Witness, for instance, the attempts of a vic- 
tim of tobacco, alcohol, or morphine to escape 
from the toils. Will power, the highest attri- 
bute of mind, alone can accomplish the result. 
In many cases the will required to begin 
the fast is present, and food might at once be 
denied were this the sole consideration. But, 
because natural physiological change is al- 
ways gradual in fulfilment, similar approach 
to absolute cessation of function is not only 
desirable but imperative. The ideal way of 
effecting the readjustment of organic action, 
that is the consequence of lowering to zero 
the intake of food, is to diminish by degrees 
the amount ingested. To omit all food sud- 
denly when approaching a fast sets the stom- 
ach clamoring for supply at the hours which 
habit has fixed, and the results of deprivation 
are then comparable to those experienced by 
the toper or the victim of drugs when drink 
or narcotic is denied. Nervous reaction is at 
once apparent and depression follows. Only 
in acute disease should abrupt entrance to the 
fast occur, and this solely because nature de- 
mands at this time prompt and strenuous 
measures. 



FASTING 



Daily baths and enemata, mechanical ac- 
cessories for the maintenance of cleanliness 
and aids to elimination, mark the commence- 
ment of the treatment ; and these accompani- 
ments, with the omission of the morning 
meal, mark the first stage of approach to the 
period of total abstinence from food. Omit- 
ting breakfast and lessening quantity at the 
other meals paves the way; and, in the ordi- 
nary case of functional disease, the gradual 
diminution of food supply should occupy an 
interim of not more than ten days or two 
weeks, after which the other meals should in 
succession be dropped. Thus the system is 
prepared without any noticeable change, save 
that of relief, for entire deprivation of food, 
for the absolute cessation of the function of 
digestion. 

In the event that the omission of the morn- 
ing meal occasions undue distress, as some- 
times happens, ripe fruit in small quantity 
may be eaten at the usual hour. Caution re- 
quires that sweet fruit and acid fruit be not 
mixed at any one time. Soups made of vege- 
tables gradually becoming lighter in food 
value should constitute the remaining meals, 
which are successively dropped until all food 
is denied. It is well to use the juices of fruit 

M 



PREPARATION FOR FAST 

alone for the last few days before entering 
the fast. 

In the ordinary patient the omission of 
breakfast, as suggested above, causes slight 
disturbances, such as dizziness, headache, or 
stomach pains. These are the results of habit- 
change. Later they disappear usually 
within three or four days and there are 
ordinarily no unpleasant symptoms when the 
other meals are omitted. In the no-breakfast 
period, elimination of digestive toxins begins 
to gain over their formation, and, as the 
patient gradually diminishes ingestion, the 
fact that the body is undergoing a cleansing 
process becomes most evident from the daily 
discharges in the enemata, and from the odor 
that emanates from the skin and the breath. 
These results make it apparent that years of 
overburdened digestive functions and of 
consequent imperfect nutrition have loaded 
the tissues with toxins, and that a complete 
cleansing of the system, with rest for the or- 
gans of digestion and a rearrangement in na- 
ture and manner of food supply, is neces- 
sary for regaining a physical balance. A 
fresh foundation must be constructed as the 
old is removed, and a change in internal con- 
dition must be effected by destroying the 

55 



FASTING 



active cause of disease, and by renewing, 
through rest, the functions of those organs 
that have been long hampered in operation. 

The most important of the organs con- 
nected with the digestive process is the liver. 
It stands at the portal of the circulation of 
the blood like a faithful sentry. It receives 
digested food products, as they are absorbed 
through the walls of the intestines, and it 
separates that which may be used for the re- 
building of tissue from that which is waste. 
Its products are thus, on the one hand, blood 
filled with nutriment, and, on the other, the 
peculiar secretion known as bile. The latter 
it stores in the gall bladder, whence it is sup- 
plied to the intestines as needed in the diges- 
tion of food. Nature is loath to cast out any 
material as useless, and the function of the 
liver by which constituents of the blood, 
otherwise useless, are utilized for further di- 
gestive operation in the form of bile, is 
one of the most striking instances of her 
economy. 

When overworked by overfeeding or other 
abuse, the liver cannot perform its function 
of inspection successfully, and more or less 
of the poison retained, absorbed from fer- 
menting refuse in the intestines, is carried 

56 



PREPARATION FOR FAST 

into the circulation. Excess of bile is mani- 
fested, and with it the headache, the cold, or 
the bilious attack appears, all warnings of 
further disease. 

The minute cells of the liver have indi- 
vidual work to perform in separating nutri- 
tive matter from waste; and, unless care be 
taken to furnish a food supply correct in pro- 
portion and quality, bile is secreted in 
amount larger than the system demands or 
requires, and is itself absorbed and re- 
absorbed, with additions from other sources, 
until congestion results, the circulation is 
vitiated, and the bowels are filled with bilious 
toxins that poison and re-poison indefinitely. 
All habits having a tendency to cause diges- 
tive disturbance, such as the use of tobacco 
or alcohol, careless eating and overeating, 
hinder the functioning of the liver. Any 
clogging or interference with its duties pre- 
vents the blood from receiving the benefit of 
its inspection, and an impure product is the 
result. All parts of the body will show dis- 
tressing symptoms of fatigue and of exhaus- 
tion if the cells of the liver become diseased 
or useless through intemperate living or 
through ignorance of the specific duty be- 
longing to it as an organ of the human ma- 

57 



FASTING 

chine. And this, of course, is true with refer- 
ence to the functions of any other of the vital 
organs of the body ; but so closely is the liver 
allied to the immediate work of digestion that 
the detailed description given of its labors 
is deemed essential to a full understanding of 
the method discussed herein. 

As will be discovered, there are two distinct 
plans to be followed when the fast is used as 
a means for the relief and cure of disease. 
One of these requires the patient to continue 
the period of abstinence to its logical and 
complete conclusion, the return of hunger, 
and its duration is problematical. The other, 
of equal value in milder complaints than 
those for which the finish-fast is employed, 
makes use of shorter intervals of abstinence 
from food, alternating with periods of re- 
stricted diet. What has been written in this 
connection may then be qualified to the ex- 
tent that, when short fasts of one or two days, 
or of a week, are undertaken for the relief 
of temporary indisposition or for the preven- 
tion of acute disease, no such extended pre- 
paration as is described is needful. For the 
long fast, the fast that cleanses the system to 
purity, preparation as outlined must be pre- 
cedent. The short fast and the compulsory 

58 



PREPARATION FOR FAST 

fast in acute disease alone may be abruptly 
begun. 

The salutary caution is added that, when 
impending illness is apparent, several weeks 
or even months of preparatory diet will 
render the system amenable to the complete 
cleansing results of the absolute fast, and, 
barring organic defects, will preclude many 
unpleasant consequences in symptoms. The 
value of the enema or internal bath during 
both the period of preparation and the fast 
itself, as well as its employment in health, 
will later be fully discussed. 



CHAPTER V 



SYMPTOMS 



"Every excess causes a defect; every defect, an ex- 
cess. Every sweet hath its sour; every evil, its good. 
Every faculty which is a receiver of pleasure has an 
equal penalty put on its abuse. It is to ansrver for 
its moderation with its life." 

Ralph Waldo Emerson. 



CHAPTER V. 

SYMPTOMS 

DISEASE symptoms are the evidences 
of the conditions present within the 
body, and they indicate with more or 
less accuracy the degree of functional or of 
organic disturbance. In addition they enable 
the experienced observer to localize the point 
of least resistance, the organ prevented 
from proper performance of its task. In 
fasting, these signs of disease, during the 
first days of abstinence, are seen to be exag- 
gerated or seemingly increased in severity; 
but this is a logical consequence of the ap- 
plication of a method, the purpose of which 
is that of elimination of a clogging, circulat- 
ing poison. The extreme process of casting- 
out in progress during the fast uncovers the 
seat of disease, and exaggerates in the very 
cure itself its characteristic signs. To the 
orthodox mind this phenomenon at once sug- 
gests an increase in severity, since to it the 
symptom itself represents a cause. But, re- 

63 



FASTING 



garding disease as a unity, or as arising from 
a single primary source, the intellect trained 
in the application of natural means of treat- 
ment finds no cause for fear, but rather rea- 
son for rejoicing. Nature has entered the 
open avenue of assistance presented and is 
proceeding rapidly to effect relief and cure. 

In any method for the treatment of disease 
nothing can be done unless nature co-oper- 
ates. In some methods her means of cure, 
elimination, triumphs in spite of the treat- 
ment, and this is nowhere so fully displayed 
as in traditional orthodoxy, which is trained 
to look upon the symptom, or the appearance 
of disease, as its cause. As a result the ef- 
forts of medicine have been directed to check, 
to suppress, to turn into other channels, the 
sign manifested. The fact has been and is 
ignored that, thus turned aside and unre- 
moved, disease is certain of return in re- 
doubled force. 

The whole of the human race has been edu- 
cated for years along wrong curative lines. 
For instance, in orthodoxy if the heart action 
is high, a depressant drug is administered ; if 
it is low, a stimulant is given. In either case 
reaction occurs, and the organ is less able to 
recuperate when the clogged channels of 

64 



SYMPTOMS 



bodily energy finally are cleared sufficiently 
for function. This occurs when nature as- 
serts herself, as she often does, in spite of the 
drug. When the sign of distress appears 
upon the surface of the skin, attempts are at 
once in order, not to remove the inward cause, 
but to eradicate the outward appearance, "to 
drive it in." Orthodoxy refuses to admit the 
unity of disease, and hence neglects to assist 
in the cleansing process of nature, which, 
recognizing the cause, ignores the symptom, 
or uses it solely as a guide. The thought and 
hope of the physician trained to heed the 
warnings of disease from a natural view- 
point is this that the organs of the body of 
his patient may prove equal to the work of 
elimination, and this they can accomplish 
only when they are structurally intact. In 
spite of the mildness or the severity of its 
manifestation, it is through bodily purifica- 
tion alone that disease can be cured. 

Since the physiological changes involved 
in the application of fasting for the cure of 
disease need to be made gradually, the ideal 
method of approach to the period of abstin- 
ence is to prepare the system by a gradual 
lessening of the food supply; but, whether 
begun in this manner or without preparation, 

65 



FASTING 



as is necessary in acute disease, the resultant 
symptoms are in general alike. When the 
intake of food is stopped, the stomach is 
naturally emptied and commences its en- 
forced vacation. All of its energy as an or- 
gan is then applied to recuperation, to allay- 
ing with the assistance of a blood-current 
continually gaining in purity, inflammation 
that may be present in its structure, and to re- 
lieving congestion in veins and in glands. It 
will from time to time be disturbed in this 
work by its neighboring organ, the liver, 
which, during the fast, becomes solely an 
instrument of elimination, and discharges 
quantities of refuse into the alimentary canal. 
The secretion of the liver is always a waste 
product, but, even as such, it has its use as a 
digestive fluid in health. When the fast is in 
progress, however, this product of elimina- 
tion is discharged into the intestines, and is 
nothing more than poisonous refuse excreted 
from tissue, blood, and organs, which must 
be at once removed from the body lest it be 
reabsorbed into the circulation. 

When food is taken away, the bowels still 
proceed to collect the waste deposited in them 
by the blood and the liver; the kidneys, the 
lungs, and the skin continue the process of 

66 




R. J. Malnutrition and spinal curvature. Subject 
fasted twenty-eight days, taking special exercises for 
spinal curvature. Curvature corrected and general health 
remarkably improved. Photograph taken three months 
after completion of fast. 



SYMPTOMS 



elimination; and the whole sewerage system 
of the body centers its entire energy in an 
effort to clear away the impurities stored 
within. The stomach rests, while the involun- 
tary absorptive functions continue their 
work, even upon excreted tissue waste ; and, 
lest harm result, the most expeditious me- 
chanical means must be employed to remove 
this product from the digestive tract. The 
blood, following its mission, gathers the ref- 
use from cell structure, and supplies for re- 
building purposes what it finds available. 
This it discovers in the reserve supply of 
nourishment naturally stored in the inters- 
tices of tissue. As the process of elimination 
or purification continues, waste grows less; 
the density of the blood is reduced gradually, 
as refuse diminishes in quantity; and the 
labor of the heart is thus progressively light- 
ened. 

Heart action is low in some cases of dis- 
ease, and it is high in others. It is low when 
the blood is loaded with waste and is dense or 
thick in quality. It is high when fermenta- 
tion of refuse in the intestines occurs, with 
absorption of active poison into the circula- 
tion. But, whether high or low, poisonous 
products are present in the bloo<J. A circulat- 

07 



FASTING 



ing poison acting upon the nerves that con- 
trol the heart may develop irregularities that 
seem to show organic structural defect, and 
these are often so diagnosed. But, following 
the argument of the text, it is plain that, 
whatever the symptom, improvement in heart 
action must necessarily result in the fast 
when elimination becomes sufficiently ad- 
vanced to remove the poisonous refuse that is 
the cause of disease. No fear need be enter- 
tained as to the ability of the heart to per- 
form its functions during a fast, for the or- 
gan has less work to do as each day goes by, 
and it is served with the increased nerve 
power of a system gradually purifying. 

When the fast is once begun, elimination 
asserts its predominance. Desire for food is 
in many cases replaced by disgust at the 
thought of it, and appetite is lacking until 
the fast is complete. The very odor of food, 
and even the perfume of flowers is to some 
patients nauseating. When this symptom is 
present in aggravated form, it is an almost 
certain indication of organic defect that may 
prove fatal. In this sign, however, in both 
functional and organic disease, there may be 
variations, due more or less to the time de- 
voted to preliminaries ; and several instances 

68 



SYMPTOMS 



are of record in which neither appetite nor a 
semblance of it was present throughout the 
entire period of abstinence. Other cases have 
claimed the sensation of false hunger from 
the beginning to the end of the fast. 

Another general symptom is discovered in 
the fact that the tongue, immediately upon 
the omission of food, dons, in ordinary cases, 
a thick yellowish-w r hite coat, which it keeps 
until the impurities within the body are elimi- 
nated; and the clearing of its surface is one 
of the important signals that indicate a com- 
plete and successful fast. When the secre- 
tions of the body are acid in character, an ap- 
parently clean tongue may develop, and in 
this event strict interpretation of the symp- 
tom might lead to the inference that the sys- 
tem is cleansed and is ready for food. But 
here pulse and temperature give needed 
guidance, and the condition of the mucus 
membrane of the mouth, or cankers upon the 
tongue are warnings sufficient for the prac- 
ticed mind. The coat deposited upon the 
tongue is one of the simplest visible signs of 
an extremely foul internal state, and of the 
fact that elimination is rapidly taking place. 
In health a clean tongue, as defined medi- 
cally, is seldom in evidence with a full stom- 

69 



FASTING 



ach. Ordinarily here, food stimulation domi- 
nates elimination, for a foul tongue is only 
an indication of the attempt of nature to cast 
out impurity from the system. Except as 
previously stated, a clean tongue is one of the 
unfailing signs of a complete and successful 
fast, and it may take months to accomplish. 

Like the tongue, the breath becomes loaded 
with evidences of the internal condition, and 
its odor is most offensive for the greater part 
of the fasting period. This, too, is an indi- 
cator of the progress of the cleansing pro- 
cess which the body is undergoing, and the 
termination of the fast is heralded by its be- 
coming odorless. 

One of the products of fermentation with- 
in the body is known by the chemical name of 
acetone. There is no doubt that acetone, the 
result of the decomposition of organic mat- 
ter, is present to greater or less degree in 
many cases undergoing the fast. It is not 
necessarily a product of the albumen of the 
food, but is more probably the result of the 
destruction of that part of the body albumen 
that has come from the breaking down of 
the tissue cells. In other words, the produc- 
ing material has served its purpose as living 
cell growth. In cases treated medically its 

TO 



SYMPTOMS 



presence is regarded with dread, and at times 
when it appears, as it does, in anaesthetized 
subjects under the surgeon's knife, opera- 
tions have been abandoned because of the 
fear of death while the paralysis of the 
anaesthetic endures. Its presence in a patient 
undergoing the fast indicates functional de- 
rangement of more than ordinary gravity. 
In health there is no production of acetone, 
since discarded cell tissue is eliminated before 
fermentation can occur. Once food is denied 
and cell refuse is discharged into the channels 
of evacuation, acetone, when it is present, ap- 
pears in all the excretions, and its characteris- 
tic ether-like odor is most pronounced. In 
fact in these instances one of the signs of the 
beginning of the end of the fast is found in 
the disappearance of acetone from urine, 
breath, and excreta. It is no longer formed, 
since the body is again in position to produce 
normal healthy cell structure balanced by 
normal elimination of waste. 

In disease it is quite usual to observe un- 
pleasant body odors. These are manifesta- 
tions of an unclean interior, manifestations 
which nature seeks to remove through the 
organs of elimination, not the least of which 
is the skin. One experienced in the treatment 

71 



FASTING 



of mental diseases becomes expert in dis- 
tinguishing the marked odor attached to most 
lunatics. Even in the milder nervous de- 
rangements, such as hysteria, the odor of the 
body becomes distinctly changed, and is fre- 
quently noticed by the patient himself. Ef- 
iluvium is present in many disease symptoms 
other than those of the mind and of the 
nerves witness, for instance, the distinct 
odor characteristic of tuberculosis of the 
lungs. In the fast the one function par- 
amount is that of elimination ; and due to this 
fact the body odor at this time is decidedly 
more noticeable than in ordinary disease 
when food is supplied. So true is this that the 
presence of a fasting patient in a closed room 
can at once be detected by one familiar with 
the treatment and its results. 

In cases of acute disease and in what is 
known as bilious temperament, after the fast 
has begun, annoying symptoms may develop, 
dizziness on rising suddenly, spots before 
the eyes, and general malaise and weakness. 
But these signs are not found in every in- 
stance and cannot be established as guides. 
Some there are who may abstain from food 
for from thirty to forty days without any 
disagreeable symptoms save an offensive 

72 



SYMPTOMS 



breath and coated tongue, while there are 
others in whom all the signs, thus far de- 
scribed, are in evidence in gradually diminish- 
ing intensity until the end of the fast. 

The experience of the fast is often trying 
to those who, by high living and overfeeding, 
have given the liver work beyond its capacity. 
Bile, extracted from the circulation and 
stored in gall bladder and liver, is cast out in 
large quantities and floods the intestines to 
such degree that, often before it can be car- 
ried downward, the stomach finds itself a de- 
pository for the surplus, which fact is noted 
by nausea and vomiting. There is no absolute 
certainty of the appearance of this sign, but 
it is usually present in the subjects referred 
to. In extreme form this symptom indicates 
a liver in some stage of disintegration, and 
recovery is doubtful. However, in one 
known instance during a fast, vomiting of 
bile occurred for twenty-six days in succes- 
sion, with later restoration to health. 

For the reason that excessive vomiting of 
bile is a symptom that indicates the proba- 
bility of organic disease of the liver or of the 
intestinal tract, in these cases caution is urged 
in the application of the protracted fast. The 
symptom is not to be regarded as alarming 

73 



when the fluid raised is yellow or yellowish- 
green in hue, and when nausea occurs at in- 
frequent intervals. But, if the color changes 
to a vivid green or, as it does in instances of 
acute organic derangement, to black, the case 
may be considered as most serious in charac- 
ter and of doubtful prognosis. When nausea 
is present during a fast, it is far better to aid 
elimination in ridding the stomach of its con- 
tents through the mouth than to permit them 
to remain with the certainty of partial re- 
absorption and re-toxication. If difficulty is 
found in raising the contents of the stomach, 
titillation of the palate with the end of the 
finger or with a feather will cause the con- 
vulsive muscular contraction necessary; and 
the drinking of warm water will ease the act 
of retching and, at the same time, will cleanse 
the walls of the stomach. 

There are patients with livers organically 
diseased who undergo the fast without the 
appearance of bilious vomit. Observation in 
post mortem examinations leads to the con- 
clusion that these subjects are invariably ef- 
fected with some stage of a cirrhosed or 
hardened liver, and are outwardly of an ema- 
ciated or wiry type. On the other hand, those 
in whom excessive vomiting occurs during 

74 



SYMPTOMS 



the fast are always inclined to obesity and at 
death display a liver disintegrated or soft- 
ened. Of the two types the chances for re- 
covery are greater with the latter. 

Bile thrown into the stomach may produce, 
through irritation of its walls, spasmodic con- 
traction of the diaphragm, i. e., hiccoughs. 
They may also occur as the result of other 
abnormal stimulation of the diaphragmatic 
nerve, and this happens frequently in cases 
of any affection of the liver or of the intes- 
tines. When merely functional disturbance 
causes this annoying symptom, it may quick- 
ly be relieved by vomiting qr by the drinking 
of cold water; but, if it persists, it points to 
serious conditions, and in the later stages of 
disease, it is proof of organic defects beyond 
repair and heralds the approach of death. 

In the earlier stages of the fast there will 
probably be fermentation and consequent 
formation of gas in the intestines, which may 
continue for days, depending upon the 
amount of solid material clinging to bowel 
walls, and also upon what may be termed the 
virulence of the bile and other waste de- 
posited in the alimentary canal. The gas 
formed is often the cause of colicky pains, 
and is always a source of uncomfortable mo- 

75 



FASTING 



ments until removed. Manipulation of the 
abdomen together with hot water applica- 
tion's are of great assistance in this event, 
since they tend to reduce inflated intestines 
by stimulating peristalsis, and thus bring 
about the discharge of the gas. The enema is 
also of the utmost value in these circum- 
stances and must be employed. 

In all cases in the fast the evacuations from 
the bowels are strikingly similar. Floating 
in a brownish fluid that shades to black in 
color are old f eces more or less abundant in 
quantity. The latter are present for many 
days, and are evidence of the former state- 
ment that overworked bowels do not fully 
discharge their contents even when regular 
in action. 

The more usual indication of disease as it 
affects body temperature is fever, but it is 
guite frequently the case that in anaemic sub- 
jects, shortly after the beginning of a fast, 
the temperature drops to a degree or so be- 
low normal. This is caused by the absence of 
food stimulation, for a fast never lowers 
temperature. The latter is always below 
register in instances of long-standing de- 
bility, and it is high in proportion to the se- 
verity of acute disease. The fast tends to 

76 



SYMPTOMS 



restore temperature and pulse to normal, be 
they high or low at its inception. It is well 
to note that, while the average normal tem- 
perature of the body is 98 2-5 degrees, and 
the average normal pulse is about 72 beats 
to the minute, these figures are not to be re- 
garded as normal for each and every indi- 
vidual. There are variations both above and 
below that are not to be considered as arising 
in every instance from disease. A case is 
cited in which temperature before the fast 
was habitually ninety-four degrees; in the 
fast apparently no change was made until 
the twentieth day, when an increase of one- 
half degree was noted; average normal of 
ninety-eight degrees was reached ten days 
later. Here undoubtedly disease was the 
cause of low register. Many cases have been 
observed in which temperature at the begin- 
ning of the fast was so low as not to admit of 
register upon the clinical thermometer, but 
invariably average normal was reached be- 
fore the end of abstinence. When conditions 
of abnormally low temperature are present 
during the fast, hot applications along the 
spinal column, and hot tub-baths are the 
means to be employed to assist internal elimi- 
nation in restoring body heat to normal. In 

77 



FASTING 

any case temperature is merely a symptom 
of the conditions within, and, whether high 
or low, it denotes that there is in progress a 
fight for life that has scarce need to be sup- 
pressed. No thermometer is necessary to 
read the severity of disease, and, if pulse and 
temperature are above or below normal at the 
beginning of the fast, they will descend or 
ascend to natural register when disease disap- 
pears, or perhaps while some of its symptoms 
are still in evidence. The general conditions 
described in this paragraph in connection 
with temperature below normal occur in the 
cases of almost all f asters. These are aggra- 
vated in certain temperaments, more especi- 
ally in those who suffer from the wasting 
forms of illness, such as hardening of the 
liver, and mal-assimilation. 

When the fast is concluded and the body 
has been rebuilt, it is to be noted that a vege- 
tarian diet insures a pulse and temperature 
with no apparent tendency to rise above indi- 
vidual normal. If the dietary change has 
been one from flesh to vegetable, the pulse 
may show reduction of several beats from its 
former average. 

One word more concerning bodily tem- 
perature in the fast : Physiology asserts and 

78 



SYMPTOMS 



observation proves that there can be no di- 
gestion in the absence of digestive juices, and 
that there is almost no secretion of the fluids 
when fever is present. Why, then, feed dur- 
ing high temperature? Without digestion 
there can be no nourishment, no upbuilding 
of wasted tissue. Why add the burden of 
eliminating undigested material to the al- 
ready great effort that nature is making to 
reduce over-stimulated heart action and ab- 
normal body heat? The surest means to cor- 
rect this condition is to withhold food, to re- 
move the refuse, and to rest those organs that 
are functionally unable to cope with the labor 
forced upon them. 

Depending upon the physical tendencies 
of the individual, after the beginning of the 
fast and during its early stages, many symp- 
toms not specifically described in this chapter 
may develop. In some a rash upon the skin 
appears, and in others a cold with excessive 
nasal and bronchial discharge is the form in 
which the purifying process at work is dis- 
played. But these and all other signs that 
occur at this time may be ascribed in part to 
the depression succeeding food stimulation, 
and in part to the exceedingly great elimi- 
nation of waste that is in progress. The lat- 



FASTING 



ter is, of course, responsible for the larger 
number of symptoms that appear here and 
hereafter in the fast. After the first indica- 
tions vanish, in cases of purely functional dis- 
ease, the patient discovers that his strength 
has apparently increased, and that he is, in 
most instances, able to attend without diffi- 
culty to ordinary labor and to approach it 
with brain marvelously clear. In other 
words, with the loss of stimulation due to 
food poison, disease decreases, and real 
strength is manifest. The patient is not less 
weak nor more strong than at any time dur- 
ing his previous diseased existence when liv- 
ing under stimulation. The fast has but un- 
covered the true state of affairs, and it has 
demonstrated that a sick man is not of neces- 
sity a weak man, for weakness is absence of 
strength due to systemic poison alone, and, 
in the early stages of illness, strength is only 
dormant. This seemingly paradoxical state- 
ment is explained by the fact that in disease 
all avenues for the passage of energy and 
vitality are so clogged by cumulative waste 
products as to be rendered almost useless for 
the expression of these forces. 

The subject of food stimulation has not re- 
ceived the attention that it deserves in any 

80 



SYMPTOMS 



system of therapeutics, for it is always an 
important factor in disease. After the body 
has become accustomed to a fixed food sup- 
ply, whatever the quantity or the hours of in- 
gestion, it strenuously rebels when denied. 
The system may be greatly overfed; it may 
be slowly poisoning itself through its own 
indiscretions ; yet the omission of a meal sets 
the stomach clamoring. Given the usual 
quota, matters progress comparatively 
smoothly until the excess proves too heavy to 
be carried, or some minute organism finds 
soil in which to increase and multiply; then 
nature calls a halt and attempts correction by 
her only remedy, disease. Opportunity oc- 
curs when the accustomed impetus, food, is 
removed, but the patient is plunged into the 
depths. Stimulation, so long a habit, now 
seems necessary to counteract the symptoms 
produced by deprivation, and here mentality 
must be called to the rescue, and the will must 
be asserted in order to overcome the disposi- 
tion and the desire to resume feeding. 

The kidneys, the lungs, and the skin are 
the main avenues through which the liquids 
of the body carrying with them soluble im- 
purity are eliminated. In the fast, when any 
of these means of escape are clogged and 

61 



FASTING 

their functions impeded because of defect in 
structure in themselves or in the intestines, 
or because of excess of waste, the salivary 
glands excrete in quantity, and constant ex- 
pectoration of viscous, foul-smelling spittle 
is symptomatic of the conditions described. 
This symptom abates and ceases as the func- 
tions are restored, and it may be much allevi- 
ated by hot baths and by sweat-inducing 
fomentations. 

The headaches of the fast are invariably 
located in the frontal portion of the brain, 
and are coincident with the prior stage of 
abstinence, when the system is accomodating 
itself to the physiological change of habit 
then in progress. As elimination proceeds 
this symptom disappears, and, in functional 
disturbances, the brain experiences more 
rapid relief from pain and distres> than do 
the other organs. Connected with icadache, 
when organic defects exist, are visual spectra 
and flashes of light. A muscular tremor, ac- 
companied with a rotary motion of the eye- 
ball, or even with crossed eyes and faulty 
vision, sometimes appears in the graver 
forms of organic disease. This peculiar 
variation in symptom has been observed 
shortly before death in the fast, and in ex- 
H 



SYMPTOMS 



treme form it would seem to indicate ap- 
proaching dissolution. 

At an early stage in the fast partial deaf- 
ness with humming in the ears is apt to occur. 
When this happens, careful and constant 
syringing of the outer ear with warm water 
discloses an excessive quantity of wax, after 
the removal of which, the annoying symp- 
toms vanish. The presence of this secretion 
in amount above normal indicates the ex- 
treme of elimination to which the body lends 
itself while digestion is suspended. Cases, 
which, before the fast, have suffered from 
semi-deafness, find the symptom much ag- 
gravated until mechanical removal of the 
clogging mass of wax is accomplished. 
Every avenue of escape is utilized by nature 
in the process of elimination in progress dur- 
ing the fast, and the ears perform their part 
in company with the eyes, the nose, the 
mouth, and the eliminative organs them- 
selves. 

At the end of a fast remarkable evidences 
of complete renewal of the old body are dis- 
played. The hair falls profusely; tartar de- 
posits upon the teeth are shed ; diseased spots 
in dental substance are sloughed; and ex- 
treme forms of pyorrhea, those affecting the 

83 



FASTING 



bone of the teeth, are wholly corrected. 
Finger and toe nails are sometimes replaced 
from beneath with complete new growth, the 
old horny covering being forced from posi- 
tion and cast off. All these indications 
demonstrate not only renewal of secretion 
and of cell-structure, but purification as well. 
In the rebuilding period perfect replacement 
occurs. 

Emaciation in the fast cannot properly be 
regarded as a symptom. It is the result of the 
elimination of toxic products, together with 
the loss occasioned by the use by brain arid 
nerves of the reserve food-supply stored in 
tissue interstices. Diminution of weight due 
to the latter cause is, however, very slight in 
comparison with that arising from elimina- 
tion. Wasting of the body is greater in 
cases where the organs are atrophied or cir- 
rhosed than in other forms of disease, but the 
loss is less in these instances than in those of 
functional disease or of organic hypertrophy. 

Delirium in disease is not necessarily an 
alarming symptom. A temporary condition 
of mental aberration apparent in confusion 
of thought, incoherency of speech, and, in 
some instances, unconsciousness, is character- 
istic of certain natures, whenever the body 

84 



SYMPTOMS 



temperature rises above a fixed point. This 
is possibly an inherited tendency, for, on the 
other hand, there are many temperaments 
whose minds retain control in any and all 
forms of disease, when the brain itself is not 
the seat of disturbance. In the treatment of 
functional disease by the fast, it is rarely the 
case that delirium occurs, and, if it does, its 
appearance is due to extreme auto-intoxica- 
tion from excessive waste thrown into the 
intestines and not evacuated with sufficient 
rapidity. If present at all, it will be evident 
within a day or so after the fast begins, and 
it will cease when elimination has proceeded 
to the point of clearing the bowels from the 
congested mass of old f eces. This symptom 
need never appear in cases of purely func- 
tional derangement, if proper preparation 
for the fast has been observed. In instances 
where abstinence from food is forced and in- 
voluntary, as is the case in mine accidents and 
in shipwrecks, the mental strain produced by 
the situation causes delirium, which, together 
with speedily fatal results, might be obviated 
were knowledge of the resources of the 
human body more general. In organic dis- 
ease, in the fast or before it, delirium may 
continue for some time, and, while its prim- 

85 



FASTING 



ary cause is one with that in functional 
troubles, its persistence is due to defects in 
organs that prevent elimination into the in- 
testines, or to defects in the intestines them- 
selves that hinder evacuation naturally or by 
mechanical means. If recovery be possible, 
these cases are most obstinate in yielding to 
treatment, for the process of cleansing is ex- 
tremely slow and lengthy in accomplishment, 
while recuperation is delayed indefinitely. 
This class of cases requires more patience and 
caution than all others combined, since the 
patient is apt to become discouraged and to 
lose faith in. the power of nature to overcome 
the condition. Resort to food and drugs may 
again be had, and the outcome, doubtful be- 
fore, is now inevitably fatal. The lesson to 
be learned when this situation confronts 
physician and patient is that of organic limi- 
tation. The vital organs are capable of func- 
tion only within bounds, beyond which. are 
danger and possible death. Safety rests in 
natural processes alone; danger lies in tonics 
and in food. 

A general classification of the symptoms 
of disease tending to limit certain signs to 
certain ailments can never be made with ac- 
curacy. It is true that medicine has ticketed 

86 



SYMPTOMS 



and shelved all symptoms, and that it is its 
plan to await development of indications be- 
fore diagnosis. But medicine devotes its at- 
tention entirely to the suppression of the 
manifestation to the neglect of its cause, and 
a classification thus made finds items over- 
lapping each other in such manner as to make 
distinction difficult if not impossible. But an 
arrangement of general disease forms may 
be made on lines that are sharply defined. 

1. Purely functional ailments that readi- 
ly yield to the fast. In these cases because 
of accumulation of excess-food-rubbish in 
the digestive tract, blood, and tissue, organs 
are hampered in function but are not struct- 
urally defective or in themselves diseased. 
Gradual improvement is noted from the be- 
ginning of preparation for the fast, and re- 
covery is always possible. 

2. Organic defect in slight degree, oc- 
casioning disturbance because of work im- 
perfectly performed by a partially disabled 
organ. This condition places heavier burdens 
upon other organs and functionally unbal- 
ances the entire system. Disagreeable symp- 
toms are noted in these cases during the 
progress of the fast, and it is possible that 
full functioning may never be restored. 

87 



FASTING 



However, if the structural defect has not 
reached the point that includes the case in the 
following class, and, if care be exercised dur- 
ing the period of convalescence, recovery is 
certain. 

3. Organic defect of such degree that the 
functioning of a vital organ is rendered im- 
possible. A gradual decline, beginning be- 
fore treatment and continuing with a short 
interval of relief after entering the fast, is 
the characteristic indication. The relief noted 
may be such as to offer hope of recovery, but, 
if the condition is as stated, there is no pos- 
sibility of cure. 

In functional disease, when her laws are 
obeyed, nature never fails of cure. She is 
helpless only when organic defects exist that 
defy repair. 

The careful study of the symptoms of dis- 
ease, as they occur either while feeding or 
fasting is' in progress, reveals the law through 
which nature works to a cure. It may briefly 
be stated as a process of elimination, upon 
lines of least resistance, of the toxins pro- 
duced by functions imperfectly performed. 
These signs of distress may often be locally 
relieved by mechanical means embodying 
heat, water, sunlight, air, and manipulation, 



SYMPTOMS 



but disease can never be eradicated by mere 
suppression of symptom. It must be re- 
moved at its source; and, despite its varied 
expression, there is but one cause, impaired 
digestion, and one remedy, elimination of 
resulting poison. 



89 



CHAPTER VI 



THE DURATION OF THE FAST 



"Physic, quick to affect the body, can never produce 
the perfect results of the slow operations of exercise 
and temperance the two great instruments of health." 

Addison. 



91 



CHAPTER VI. 

THE DURATION OF THE FAST 

THE duration of the complete fast is a 
matter that can neither be foretold nor 
prescribed in any individual case, for 
the treatment has its beginning in disease 
and its end in the hunger that marks the re- 
turn of digestive power. Until the latter 
makes itself apparent, and it cannot be mis- 
taken, the fast should continue. Then, and 
not till then, is the system in condition again 
to receive and transform food into tissue 
structure. 

The sensation of hunger is a safeguard 
established by nature to insure bodily main- 
tenance. It is the first instinct that the infant 
exercises at birth, and its office in all life is 
that of a watchful caretaker entrusted with 
interests beyond the ordinary in value.. The 
natural consciousness of hunger has, in most 
individual instances, been usurped by artifi- 
cial craving produced through the cultivation 
of the sense of taste and through regularity 

93 



FASTING 



in the habits of feeding. Hunger is an in- 
voluntary function of the system as much 
so as is the beating of the heart. It is not 
created by the individual, nor does it make 
its appearance at stated hours by exercise of 
the will. But appetite, its counterfeit, is 
easily called into being and may be made ap- 
parent at set times. 

In diseased conditions hunger is absent; 
and, in the fast, appetite ordinarily disap- 
pears after the first few days. When the 
elimination of toxic products is complete, 
hunger, not appetite, returns. Hunger is 
normal, appetite abnormal. This distinction 
with a difference is most important con- 
sidered in connection with the breaking of a 
fast. The question of the resumption of feed- 
ing does not lie for answer in the hands of 
either physician or patient. It rests with the 
law of hunger alone. During the fast and 
until hunger returns, food of any kind is an 
intruder, and all of the energy of the body is 
being directed through the organs of elimi- 
nation towards the cleansing of the system 
from its self-manufactured poison. The 
coated tongue, the foul breath, are simple 
signs of the decomposition of excess food and 
of worn-out tissue. And, being signs of de- 

94 



DURATION OF THE FAST 

composition, they are also signs of the death 
of life substance and of living organism, the 
products of which are harmful unless re- 
moved from the functioning body. When 
the elimination of these toxins has reached 
the point that rebuilding is demanded lest 
the body die, hunger will manifest itself. 
Hunger is the abiding law of animal exist- 
ence; it is not a creation of man nor of the 
animal, but is the signal of instinct by which 
all animate creatures know that food is 
needed for the repair and growth of the or- 
ganism. And, with its manifestation, the 
clean tongue, the sweet breath, and normal 
life symptoms return. 

In functional disease the fast may be car- 
ried to its logical end without a particle of 
anxiety, for the law of hunger marks the 
limit beyond which abstinence cannot con- 
tinue lest death occur. And to this nature 
has added another safeguard, almost its 
equal in importance. Resident in the body 
there exists at all times a supply of tissue 
pabulum for use in repair and growth, both 
ordinary and extraordinary. This is con- 
stantly called upon for the nourishment and 
upbuilding of nerves and brain, and the lat- 
ter never suffer deterioration in substance 

95 



FASTING 



nor in structure unless they themselves are 
organically diseased. Even in instances of 
death from alleged starvation, nerve tissue 
shows no loss. It makes use of the normal 
food reserve stored in the interstices of mus- 
cular tissue, and; fasting or feeding, it draws 
upon this accumulation for support. The 
whole nervous system regains its energy by 
rest alone, but it maintains its substance at 
par by the means described. Hence, so long 
as there remain tissue and blood sufficient to 
carry on the work of the functions and of 
the circulation, brain and nerves must con- 
tinue their directing task, and they cannot 
waste in the process. 

The statement, that a supply of healthy 
tissue-food exists during a fast and is not 
exhausted until natural hunger returns, does 
not rest for proof upon the mere assertion 
of medical observation in alleged starvation. 
In the chapter of the text devoted to cases 
cured by fasting an instance is cited of heal- 
ing by first intention during a fast of fifty- 
eight days of a sore three inches in diameter, 
so virulent in character that the .periosteum 
of the sacrum was exposed. Two cases of 
pregnancy are also noted in which the moth- 
ers fasted twenty-two and thirty days respec- 

96 



DURATION OF THE FAST 

lively. In the bodies of each of these women 
the growth of the foetus was progressive and 
normal, despite the total omission of food 
intake. Due to disease, hunger was absent in 
the pregnant women, but a supply of nour- 
ishment sufficient to maintain the body of the 
mother and to build that of the forming child 
existed within and was utilized until natural 
hunger returned at the completion of the 
fast. This stored nourishment is always pres- 
ent in tissue structure; it is the factor of 
safety in physical economy, and it is elimi- 
nated only at the time when in the fast com- 
plete purification of the system has occurred 
and hunger is asserted. 

The signs of a fully completed fast are 
most easily recognized. The tongue is pink 
and clean, the breath, sweet, and appetite or 
false hunger is replaced by natural desire for 
food, a sensation exquisite beyond descrip- 
tion, that may be realized only by a clean, 
pure, regenerated system. Natural hunger 
relishes natural food, and, once it is known, 
no morsel is without delight. 

If the human body ate only when hunger 
makes demand, perfect balance would at once 
be created between intake and outgo, up- 

9T 



FASTING 



building and waste. Mastication, which is 
the mechanical part of ingestion, must, of 
course, be correctly accomplished to insure 
this result. Hunger is discriminative and 
preserves the body. Appetite is abnormal 
desire and ultimately destroys. Hunger is 
primarily indicated in the mouth, and, if not 
relieved, becomes an organic craving that 
can be satisfied only by digestible food; but 
appetite is silenced when even indigestible 
substances are ingested. 

After the fast, with the return of normal 
hunger, the food selective sensations of taste 
and smell are also restored. These faculties 
in average existence are trained to accept 
material and odor abhorrent to naturally 
constituted organisms; but in normal state, 
while dependent upon true hunger, they act 
as minor indicators in determining the point 
that marks the conclusion of the fast. And 
with them thirst appears not that desire 
for liquid produced by stimulation or by 
drug-exhaustion of the fluids of the body, 
but that which makes known the immediate 
need for their renewal. The body that eats 
when hunger, not appetite, calls, that drinks 
when thirst, not stimulation, demands, and 
that follows unquestioningly the selective 

98 



DURATION OF THE FAST 

sensations of taste and of smell, need never 
know disease. 

It is sometimes the policy of good judg- 
ment to break the fast before the system is 
completely cleansed, to return to it after an 
interval of dieting; but this is so, solely be- 
cause of the wide-spread ignorance of the 
human body and its care, and because of the 
advantage that orthodoxy has taken of this 
fact for commercial and other reasons. The 
mind of the patient thus becomes imbued 
with groundless fear of death, and more 
harm than good results on account of the 
mental strain. From the same motive, policy 
may indicate shortening the period of ab- 
stinence when the certainty of the presence of 
organic disease exists, or when preparation 
has been carelessly performed or entirely 
omitted. But, even though organic defects 
are present, the body in disease is more cer- 
tain of recovery when the fast is applied, 
since the labor of the organs is in process of 
gradual reduction, and progressive relief is 
afforded the system as a whole. The only 
hope of partial recuperation or of permanent 
cure lies in the rest given to overworked or 
defective organs, permitting them, if pos- 
sible, to recover and to resume their functions. 

99 



FASTING 



The question regarding the duration of a 
fast is, then, one that can never be answered 
with certainty, and it is to be remembered 
that each individual develops his own case, 
and that each case has its own limitations and 
requirements. In view of these conditions, 
the fact is to be faced that no matured human 
body, in which disease is manifest, can be 
brought to health within a limited period of 
time. It has required years of abuse and of 
drugging to cause disease, and it is unreason- 
able to assume that nature in a few short 
weeks or months can bring about the physio- 
logical changes necessary to perfect func- 
tioning. 

The fast completed, the body exists in a 
sphere of natural condition, and there are no 
circumstances in which there is so much of 
real gratification in the simpler acts that con- 
stitute physical life. To eat rationally, to eat 
only at the demand of hunger and not to ex- 
cess, become exquisite pleasures, marred 
with no grief for the flesh pots nor for the 
loss of appetite. 

What the fast requires is ability to follow 

logically the details of a great but simple 

law, the law of hunger, which, once obeyed, 

brings health for the asking, and demands 

100 



DURATION OF THE FAST 

only individual reason, effort, and will; but, 
once violated, condemns the offender to con- 
dign and lasting punishment. 



CHAPTER VII 



BREAKING THE FAST 



' 'Tis in ourselves that rve are thus and thus. Our 
bodies are gardens; to which our wills are gardeners: 
so that if rve will plant nettles or sow lettuce, set 
hyssop and weed up thyme, supply it with one gender 
of herbs or distract it with many, either to have it 
sterile with idleness or manured with industry, why, 
the power and corrigible authority of this lies in our 
wills. If the balance of our lives has not one scale 
of reason to poise another of sensuality, the blood and 
business of our natures would conduct us to most pre- 
posterous conclusions: but we have reason to cool our 
raging motions, our carnal stings, our unbitted lusts." 

Shakespeare, "Othello." 



103 



CHAPTER VII 

BREAKING THE FAST 

INJUDICIOUS fasting, fasting without 
preparation, fasting for extended 
periods without guidance, and fasting 
for the sake of following a method merely be- 
cause it is popular for the moment, are all 
severely condemned. The fast should be un- 
dertaken only for the cure of disease, and it 
should be scientifically applied. In disease, if 
adverse conditions, other than those appar- 
ent, are latent in the system, if nature has 
been carrying the burden of an imperfect 
organism, the fast is certain to uncover the 
fact, and symptoms will be revealed that 
need to be coped with by competent hands. 
It is, however, probable that, when purely 
functional derangements are in question, the 
self -guided patient will progress to a favor- 
able end, but will not be equal to the problem 
of breaking the fast with success. This is a 
point of such importance that detailed com- 
ment is essential for the purpose of obtaining 

105 



FASTING 



a clear insight into the matter of diet, hy- 
gienic care, and exercise after abstinence is 
ended. 

An experienced director of the method is 
only too well aware that there are subjects, 
whose number entitles them to be distin- 
guished as a class, who, through physical de- 
fect, store within the system extraordinarily 
excessive accumulations of food poison. 
These cases are grouped under Class 2 in 
the division of general disease symptoms 
noted in a previous chapter. In them constant 
stimulation prevents recognition of the pres- 
ence of toxic products until some serious in- 
discretion overturns the balance, and a fast 
is begun, usually without preparation or di- 
rection. Once elimination has commenced, 
no return is possible until the logical end of 
the cleansing process is reached, and often 
alarming symptoms develop ere the first 
week has elapsed. The attempt is made at 
once to supply nourishment, and digestive 
trouble more severe in kind is produced, for 
the alimentary canal is filled with the prod- 
ucts of elimination, and food but adds fuel to 
the combustion in progress. Fear now takes 
possession of the family and, more often 
than not, of the patient as well, and the 

106 



BREAKING THE FAST 

deadliest foe to nature and her methods of 
cure is called to aid in offsetting the work al- 
ready accomplished. Medicine completes in 
these circumstances what food began, and the 
chances are that death will ensue. No de- 
fense of the fast can be made, and it is 
visited with wide-spread and emphatic con- 
demnation, whereas, were the facts known 
for their real worth, the conditions arising 
therefrom would be recognized as natural in 
origin, and as warnings that prodigious and 
successful efforts towards cure were at work. 

To break the fast at a wrong time is even 
worse than to break it upon erroneous diet. 
The point of greatest import here to be ob- 
served is the care that should be given and 
the confidence that should be engendered lest 
fear step in and with it food and drugs. In 
the administration of copious enemata, dupli- 
cated and reduplicated, for the purpose of 
the immediate removal of disturbing ele- 
ments lies the remedy for the eradication of 
alarming signs. 

The fast in ordinary cases should be 
broken by the ingestion of the juices of ripe 
fruit, and of broths prepared from vege- 
tables. The juices of perfectly ripened 
fruit are most easily changed in mouth and 

107 



FASTING 

stomach for the subsequent process of assimi- 
lation. There is therefore but small effort in 
digestion. The same reasoning is applicable 
to the administration of strained vegetable 
broths seasoned to taste and void of solid par- 
ticles. The thought that bids for this consid- 
eration of the digestive organs finds origin in 
the fact that the stomach has been for a time 
deprived of the exercise of its function, and 
return to solid food must be carefully made. 
The hunger instinct should guide, and, after 
all but a small amount of sustenance is 
needed to maintain the body. A caution is 
appended to the effect that the juices of 
sweet fruits should not be mixed at any time 
with those of acid. Vegetables in solid form 
and green salads are gradually added to the 
dietary as digestive power asserts itself. 

There are many vegetables that lend them- 
selves readily to the preparation of the 
broths referred to, and among them may be 
mentioned as particularly easy of digestion, 
ripe tomatoes, celery, carrots, and green peas. 
Some of the cereals, such as rice and barley, 
are also easy to prepare and to assimilate in 
the form of broth. Great caution is essen- 
tial in order to suit the diet to individual re- 
quirement, and slight experiment may be 

108 



BREAKING THE FAST 

found necessary for a satisfactory solution of 
the problem presented. 

In the infant, when hunger returns after 
the fast, the strained juice of stewed ripe 
tomatoes or of boiled carrots, both unsea- 
soned, is most suitable preparatory food. To 
the carrots may gradually be added in small 
quantity top-milk and honey, but these 
should never be combined with tomatoes or 
with acid fruits. This regimen should be 
continued, varying the vegetables from 
which the broths are made and increasing 
their quantity as digestion advances, until 
the final teeth have been cut, and solids may 
be handled. 

In late popular discussions of the treat- 
ment of disease by fasting and its accessories, 
patients have been advised to break the fast 
upon large quantities of cow's milk. From a 
chemical standpoint the milk of the cow con- 
tains all the nutritive compounds required by 
a growing animal, and contains them in the 
proportions of a correct scientific dietary. It 
does not, however, fulfil the conditions of a 
typical and model food when considered as 
sustenance for man. The chemical composi- 
tion of milk renders it a most suitable soil 
for the cultivation of bacteria, and, even 

109 



FASTING 

though Pasteurized or sterilized, it will again 
take up germs if exposed to the air. In ad- 
dition, sterilized milk is a different article 
from fresh milk, its chemical composition be- 
ing altered by the process. The milk of the 
cow, when ingested, is changed upon encoun- 
tering the gastric juices, into whey, a liquid, 
and into a tough mass of curd most difficult 
of digestion. To call milk a liquid food is 
absurd, for the solid matter in a pint of milk 
is equal to that in a half pound of meat, and 
in its dense coagulated form it is vastly more 
difficult of digestion. 

In the present discussion the digestive ca- 
pability under contemplation is that of an in- 
dividual who has just succeeded in ridding 
his system of the toxic products of food in 
excess of the needs of the body. Hunger has 
returned and feeding must be resumed. If 
the milk of the cow is the form in which nour- 
ishment is supplied, and if, in addition, not 
one pint, but, as recommended, several quarts 
daily are imbibed, for each quart consumed, 
an equivalent in flesh food of one pound is 
offered for digestion. The purpose of the 
fast is at once defeated, since the most vigor- 
ous of bodies is unable perfectly to transform 
and to assimilate this mass of material. All 

no 



BREAKING THE FAST 

of the excess and most of it is excess fills 
the alimentary tract with decomposing rub- 
bish, and the system is again in the develop- 
ing process of disease. A diet including or- 
dinary quantities of milk succeeds at any 
time in depositing adipose tissue and in creat- 
ing increased bilious flow. At the very best 
the milk of the cow is intended only as food 
for the calf. 

When, after the fast, digestive power re- 
asserts itself, the enemata are discontinued 
daily, but they should be administered with- 
out question at least twice weekly in health. 
That natural movements of the bowels are 
dependent upon perfect digestion is but 
slightly qualified by the statement that mus- 
cular tone is a necessary condition in the in- 
testinal walls. For the attainment of this 
state, and for the rebuilding of general mus- 
cular quality, a system of judicious exercise 
is recommended and insisted upon when the 
fast is broken and thereafter. This, like diet, 
must be entered upon in gradual manner and 
is increased and extended in proportion as 
the body shows progressive capability. 

The process involved in breaking the fast 
demands extreme caution and care. At the 
end of the period of abstinence and with the 
in 



FASTING 



return of hunger, weak-willed patients are 
almost certain to overstep the bounds of sup- 
ply. In these cases acute symptoms may de- 
velop, due to congestion of the entire circula- 
tory system. The brain may suffer to the 
extent of the production of violent delirium, 
and all the organs of the body are included in 
the revolt. When a gradual process of re- 
turn to normal amount in sustenance is not 
pursued, all the benefits of the fast are worse 
than destroyed, and, if will-power be lacking 
in the patient, its equivalent in supervision 
must be furnished by the director of treat- 
ment. If necessary, personal watch must be 
established over the convalescing subject. 

When organic defects are present in the 
colon, they may or may not prove seriously 
shortening to life; but, when, at the end of a 
fast, feeding is resumed, even a slight dis- 
placement of the lower bowel may retard 
elimination to such degree that absorption of 
fecal material proceeds so rapidly as to cause 
severe physical and mental derangement. 
This is especially so in cases that are not un- 
der guidance, in which ignorance of conse- 
quence exists, and will-control is absent. Yet, 
even under competent supervision, often- 
times desire impels the patient to overeat. 

112 



BREAKING THE FAST 

This tendency must be controlled, for seri- 
ous and disastrous results wait on premature 
excessive demand upon the eliminative func- 
tion. Defective or normal in vital parts, 
man here learns to live within the limitations 
of his organs. The several portions of the 
treatment in comparison show the fast itself 
is easy of accomplishment. Resumption of 
feeding calls for greatest care. 



11* 



CHAPTER VIII 



THE ENEMA 



"7 keep at delicate around the bowel* as around 
the head and heart; 

Divine am I inside and out." 

Walt Whitman. 



115 



CHAPTER VIII 

THE ENEMA 

IN fasting for the cure of disease, the 
enema is a necessary daily adjunct, and, 
while the fast is in progress, it should be 
taken on rising and before retiring. In 
health its use is advised at least bi-weekly, 
when it will be found a most relieving as well 
as cleansing operation, at once preventing 
accumulation and subsequent absorption of 
waste. In the event that it is administered 
directly after a movement of the bowels, con- 
vincing proof invariabty follows that com- 
plete evacuation of the intestinal contents has 
not occurred ; that there is a residue which, if 
not removed, will remain to ferment and 
putrefy. The necessity of this artificial aid 
to natural bowel movement is thus apparent. 
At the beginning of the fast, peristaltic 
action, in the absence of fresh supplies of 
food, becomes sluggish, and absorption pro- 
ceeds through the walls of the intestines irre- 
spective of the material present. The fluid 
111 



FASTING 



state of the waste thrown into the bowels 
when the process of digestion is suspended, 
permits of easy absorption and of consequent 
septic poisoning. During the fast, from the 
first day of abstinence until indications point 
to the fact that the cleansing process is com- 
plete, large amounts of brownish foul-smell- 
ing discharges are evacuated, mixed with 
lumps of hardened fecal matter, dislodged 
from the walls of the intestines or impacted 
from particles excreted in the process of 
elimination. In long fasts another feature 
more or less noticeable is the quantity of 
stringy white or yellowish mucus that is 
evacuated. The latter is catarrhal in nature 
and is evidence of the complete renewal that 
is accomplished when the fast is carried to its 
logical conclusion. 

The necessity for the use of the enema 
would cease to exist were all food ingested 
perfectly transformed and entirely consumed 
in tissue-building. But continued excess in 
supply creates imperfect functioning of the 
digestive organs. Natural bowel movements 
depend upon food perfectly digested or 
chemically changed, and the waste products 
from this process are always fully eliminated. 
Imperfect digestion causes imperfect elim- 

118 



THE ENEMA 



ination, which is the one source of septic 
poisoning and of subsequent disease; but so 
long as food ingested is cooked food and soft 
food, and so long as it is not properly masti- 
cated, just so long will assistance be required 
to evacuate the contents of the bowels. In- 
ferentially this fact has been recognized for 
ages, since drug statistics show that ninety 
per cent, of all medication is aimed at the 
intestines. 

Objections are made to the use of the 
enema on the grounds that it is not natural; 
that it tends to dilate permanently the bowel ; 
and that its constant employment will ulti- 
mately destroy the functioning of the colon. 
In answer to the first difference it is found 
that drugs taken into the system for the pur- 
pose of causing a movement of the bowels 
pass through a process similar to that to 
which ingested food is subjected. They are 
acted upon by the digestive juices in the 
stomach and small intestine, and are absorbed 
into the circulation. The liver, in its capacity 
of separator, objects to their introduction as 
harmful to the system and casts out with in- 
creased secretion of bile that portion which 
reaches it. The nerves governing the absorp- 
tive and secretive functions of the stomach 

119 



FASTING 

and intestines, irritated by the presence of a 
substance foreign and noxious to the diges- 
tive process, are stimulated into action and 
cause an augmented quantity of secretion to 
be poured forth, and the folds of the colon 
are filled with fluid fouled by dissolved fecal 
matter, which is partially absorbed ere evac- 
uation can occur. 

Purgatives in medicine are drugs which 
act as described, and they are divided accord- 
ing to their supposed peculiar properties. 
Thus there are cholagogues, that increase the 
flow of bile, and intestinal purgatives, that 
act on the intestinal secretion, e. g., calomel ; 
or that increase peristaltic action, e. g., aloes 
and cascara. Again there are drastic purga- 
tives or cathartics, e. g., croton oil ; and mild 
aperients, e. g., compound licorice powder 
and senna. 

Each application of the remedy finds the 
alimentary tract less able to contend against 
its presence, and, in order to obtain the de- 
sired effect in future, larger doses are neces- 
sary, more of the digestive fluids of the body 
are wasted, and the cathartic habit becomes 
as dangerous as continued indulgence in mor- 
phine. By it digestive juices are drawn upon 
to excess, digestion is rendered difficult, if 

120 



THE ENEMA 



not impossible, and constipation, with dan- 
ger of septic poisoning, is aggravated. If 
the taking of purgatives were confined solely 
to adult life, the tale to be told would be 
utterly different in character, since func- 
tional derangement would be the principal 
harm effected. But cathartics are prescribed 
in infancy, and their indiscriminate use at 
this period of life is one of the great causes 
of intestinal mechanical defect, such as is de- 
scribed in detail in the chapter dealing with 
death in the fast. By their employment in 
childhood nutrition is lowered through result- 
ing digestive disturbance ; inflammation thus 
engendered is soothed with opiates; feeding 
and fermentation continue; development of 
the intestinal tract is arrested, or the tract in 
portions is functionally paralyzed an or- 
ganic condition that cannot be corrected, even 
by nature itself, in a lifetime of later natural 
existence. How different the outcome were 
the enema administered in infancy when 
functional digestive disturbance and con- 
stipation occur! The results are immediate 
and are attained with no tax upon digestion. 
The delicate nervous fabric of the child suf- 
fers no disastrous reaction when bowel 
accumulation is thus naturally removed, and 

121 



FASTING 



internal purity, the condition of health, is 
reached and thereafter assured. 

To the objections that the bowel is perma- 
nently dilated, and its functioning lost by 
continued use of the enema, a detailed reply 
is necessary. The intestine, as a whole, is 
that part of the alimentary canal, which, com- 
mencing at the pyloric opening of the stom- 
ach, is coiled in the abdominal cavity and ends 
at the anus. For purposes of description 
it is divided into several portions. Food 
leaving the stomach passes first into the 
duodenum, then into the jejunum, and next 
into the ileum. These three sections form the 
small intestine, which in man is about twenty 
feet in length, but is subject to great varia- 
tions. The lumen of the small intestine is 
larger at its upper end and gradually nar- 
rows as it goes downward. The opening of 
the ileum into the caecum, the first portion 
of the colon, is valvular, and this arrange- 
ment prevents any passage backward of the 
intestinal contents. Beyond the ileo-caecal 
valve the caecum forms a large dilatation, 
and from it springs an elongated blind proc- 
ess, the vermiform appendix. The caecum is 
continued upward as the colon, which is de- 
scribed as (1) ascending, (2) transverse, 

122 



THE ENEMA 



(3) descending. The sigmoid flexure, a de- 
vice of nature that prevents excessive pres- 
sure by the contents of the bowel upon the 
muscles of the rectum and the anus, lies be- 
tween the descending colon and the rectum, 
whose lower opening, the anus, is guarded 
by a strong circular muscle. The sigmoid 
flexure thus interrupts the straight fall from 
the transverse portion of the large intestine 
to the rectum and acts as a retaining pouch. 

From this description it will be seen that 
there are three positions in which the colon 
may receive a supply of water sufficient to 
soften its contents and to wash them away 
from its walls. These are the right-side, the 
knee-chest, and the flat-on-the-back. The 
latter, except in bed-ridden cases and in chil- 
dren, is inconvenient to assume, but the two 
former postures are found to be comfortable 
and easily taken. 

When the patient in taking the injection 
lies on the left side, gravity can assist the 
flow only as far as the transverse colon, which 
in this position is a perpendicular tube for- 
bidding further passage of the fluid of the 
enema. Hence only one-third of the bowel is 
possible of flushing. The right-side posture 
permits the water to flow along the descend- 

123 



FASTING 



ing colon, down the transverse bowel, and 
through the ascending gut to the caecum, 
completely flushing the organ. The knee- 
chest and the flat-on-the-back positions in- 
sure, with even greater ease, full cleansing of 
the bowel. When the injection is taken in 
the sitting posture, gravity and the contents 
of the lower portion of the bowel prevent the 
rise of the water unless some special device 
embodying force is utilized; even then only 
the descending colon receives the benefit of 
the flow, and dilatation of the rectum and the 
flexure is certain to occur, with possible 
mechanical injury. 

Soap-suds, salt, soda, and the like are to be 
avoided in the preparation of the fluid in the 
injection. Similarly, oils of any kind are 
forbidden, and water warmed to body tem- 
perature, not higher than 100 degrees 
Fahrenheit, should be the only flushing 
agent. Absorption of a portion of the con- 
tents of each bag is almost instantaneous, so 
the safer plan lies in using no foreign sub- 
stance whatever. Copious discharge from 
the bladder immediately after rectal injec- 
tion is the common indication of the rapidity 
with which absorption occurs through the 
walls of the colon, and this, in itself, is proof 

124, 




4b 



4a 




View of (1) esophagus, (2) stomach, (3) small intestine, 
The ascending colon (4a), the transverse colon (4b), 
and the descending colon (4c), are so constructed 
that it is impossible to flush the entire large intestine 
while the body is in an upright position. 



THE ENEMA 



that there is fallacy in the medical sub-argu- 
ment against the use of the enema to the 
effect that no absorption of retained fecal 
material can take place. But medicine goes 
even further in the process of self -stultifica- 
tion when it recommends the employment of 
nutrient enemata. Denying that the contents 
of the bowels may be returned in part to the 
circulation through the walls of the. gut, it 
nevertheless affirms that food material may 
in this manner be absorbed. It therefore as- 
sumes that tissue is nourished by matter that 
has not undergone the process of digestion. 
It is also readily seen that food absorbed 
through the walls of the colon is not received 
by the portal or nourishing part of the cir- 
culation, but enters directly into the venous 
blood, which is itself loaded with impurity 
awaiting elimination. To deliver household 
water to the faucets from the sewers of a city 
Avould be deemed an act of insanity, yet 
analogy is plainly evident when this method 
of transmission is compared with that of food 
introduced into the human body per rectum. 
When the patient is bed-ridden or abnorm- 
ally weakened, the knee-chest posture in tak- 
ing the enema may prove too exhausting; 
and, when this condition exists, a canvas 

125 



FASTING 



stretcher upon which the subject may com- 
fortably lie, can be placed over the bath tub. 
If this apparatus cannot be procured, a tri- 
angular platform of three boards covered 
with a blanket and oil-cloth, its base arranged 
so as to cross the top of the tub beneath the 
buttocks, may be used as a substitute. By 
this means all effort on the part of the patient 
in retaining position is removed, a matter of 
the utmost importance when excessive weak- 
ness is present. 

The operator in administering the enema, 
or the patient himself, will often find it need- 
ful to repeat its application to the extent of 
twenty or more quarts, or until the fluid re- 
turns comparatively colorless. Observation 
shows that, even to the twentieth day of a 
fast and sometimes thereafter, great amounts 
of bile and mucus appear in the discharges. 
The necessity is thus apparent of the daily 
use of the enema. Repetition insuring thor- 
ough cleansing of the colon is most essential 
in employing the internal bath, for the injec- 
tion of only a small quantity of water acts 
detrimentally since it serves to render the 
contents of the bowel easily absorptive, and 
is not in amount sufficient to be evacuated 
freely. For this reason also small enemas oc- 

126 



THE ENEMA 



casion weakness in the patient, an additional 
objection advanced against the use of the in- 
jection. Less than three quarts should never 
be administered at any one time. It may be 
added that in weakened cases the effort of 
ejecting the water and the contents of the 
bowel may be lessened by the insertion of a 
colon-tube to a depth of approximately six 
inches into the rectum ; through this tube the 
fluid waste and small particles of fecal matter 
can pass without difficulty. Hence no matter 
how weak or depressed the patient may be, 
the enema is possible of administration with- 
out undue physical depletion, while the 
utmost relief always follows the removal of 
body filth. 

Erroneous teaching is responsible for the 
assertion that the continual use of the enema 
during a fast or in health will occasion weak- 
ness in a patient and lack of function of the 
colon, and that natural movements of the 
bowels will not again occur. In other words, 
that the patient will thereafter be compelled 
to resort perforce to the internal bath for 
bowel evacuation. Natural movements of 
the bowels, as has been said, are directly de- 
pendent upon normal digestion, and in a sys- 
tem organically perfect and naturally correct 

127 



FASTING 



in digestive and assimilative processes, peris- 
talsis and subsequent evacuation of refuse 
products occur in sequence. No instance of 
loss of function or of paralysis of the bowel 
as the result of the judicious use of the in- 
ternal bath has ever been observed or known 
in the course of the long experience of the 
writer. On the contrary, the enema has 
been found to restore natural action and to 
act as a tonic stimulus upon the muscles of 
the colon, preventing all chance of septic 
poisoning and of resulting disease. 

Years of feeding upon other than natural 
foods and of excess consumption have 
brought about conditions in the body of man 
that leave no doubt as to food rubbish re- 
tained in the intestinal canal. Its removal 
is absolutely essential to health, and pure 
water is the natural agent for the accomplish- 
ment of this purpose. When digestive power 
reasserts itself, the daily use of the enema 
may be discontinued, but it should without 
question be administered at least twice 
weekly in health. 

The factors that conduce to decomposition 
in the colon are several in number. The 
organ is developed as a storage reservoir for 
evacuations; it forms a suitable culture 

193 



THE ENEMA 



medium well supplied with warmth and mois- 
ture ; and there are microbes constantly pres- 
ent, capable of utilizing toxic substances, and 
in their turn producing them. Delay in 
evacuation gives a time of retention sufficient 
for further microbic propagation. These 
conditions exist in the normal colon, and, 
when frequent action is impeded, as in con- 
stipation, they increase to the highest degree 
of development. 

A modern scientist, not a physician, Elie 
Metchnikoff, recently called attention to the 
fact that extreme longevity in mankind is 
directly dependent upon the frequency and 
copiousness of bowel discharges. This view, 
taken without qualification, may be regarded 
as extravagant, but there is good reason for 
accepting his contention that the primary 
cause of shortness of life is the pernicious 
action of poisons absorbed from the colon. 

Following the medical plan of annihilating 
the symptom, Metchnikoff sought and sup- 
posedly found that constant use of sour milk 
placed a limit on intestinal fermentation. 
The active principle in this fluid is an organ- 
ism known as the bacillus of lactic acid, which 
Metchnikoff discovered to be antagonistic to 
the microbes habitually present in the large 

129 



FASTING 



intestine. He dubbed his fighting ally a 
"friendly germ." Again the reverse reason- 
ing of medicine is apparent. Why not take 
steps for the prompt removal of the soil in 
which "unfriendly germs" propagate, instead 
of making the colon a battle-ground of which 
the decomposing dead are a source of further 
septic poisoning? The enema solves this 
problem, and a clean bowel, whether it deter- 
mine long life in itself or not, at least con- 
duces to health and to length of days 

Since the colon and its attachment, the 
vermiform appendix, are frequently subject 
to disease, and since the colon itself is the 
principal source of toxic infection, surgical 
fanatics argue that these are unnecessary 
organs, and suggest complete removal. Op- 
erations have been performed in which the 
ileum has been attached directly to the sig- 
moid flexure, and the entire lower bowel 
between these points has been extirpated. 
Surely this is one way of eradicating bowel 
trouble, since the organ vanishes, but it may 
be added that the mortality from surgical 
shock in this triumph of science is ninety -nine 
per cent. The enema will long hold its own 
in comparison with methods as drastic as this. 



ISO 



"When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider 
diligently what is before thee: 

"And put a knife to thy throat, if thou be a man 
given to appetite." 

Proverbs XXIII: 1-2. 



131 



CHAPTER IX. 

FOOD AND DISEASE 

IN the life of man tradition, inheritance, 
and education often combine to foster 
and preserve doctrines that are mislead- 
ing. And in no manner is this so well illus- 
trated as in the orthodox methods employed 
for the relief of bodily ills. By the popular 
mind disease is contemplated with dread, and, 
when certain symptoms are in evidence, it is 
fled from in panic and in terror. This atti- 
tude is to be expected so long as present con- 
ditions prevail, but the prophecy is ventured 
that the day is at hand when human ailments 
will be regarded, as in truth they are, but 
rational, natural processes of cure. To the 
general awakening in respect to the preserva- 
tion of public and individual health, apparent 
within the past two decades, is due this 
reasonable view of a most important ques- 
tion. 

Disease is not a foe to life, but is the 
plan of nature instituted to restore a system 
temporarily unbalanced to equilibrium or 

133 



FASTING 



health. That the general conception and 
treatment of disease are wrong, and that 
health lies within reach of all diseased bodies 
that are not organically imperfect are truths 
which, it is hoped, the text will fully demon- 
strate. 

A healthy human organism is one in posi- 
tion to liberate energy and vitality as these 
forces are needed in the acts that constitute 
life. To preserve the body in health, man 
breathes, sleeps, and eats. These are natural 
laws, and, if any one of them is violated, 
functional disturbances occur that must re- 
sult in disease. 

Centuries of catering to the sensory or- 
gans lie behind modern carelessness in feed- 
ing the human body, and custom has caused 
false standards to be erected about the appe- 
tite of man. Food in its preparation has long 
been subordinated to the sense of taste, and, 
ingested in excess of the amount required to 
make good the losses incurred through physi- 
cal and mental activity, has entailed much un- 
necessary labor upon the processes of diges- 
tion and disposal of waste. Because of almost 
universal violation of the natural law of nu- 
trition in respect to overeating, this vice, ap- 

134 



FOOD AND DISEASE 

parent though it be, and weakening and dis- 
tressing in its effects as it is, calls for cor- 
rection as does no other in the long list of 
offenses against nature. From time to time 
many earnest seekers have advanced beliefs 
and theories tending to develop a panacea for 
disease, but so far without success. That re- 
lief is to be found is not only probable but 
certain, since nature deals but in cause and 
effect, and the tendency in all life is towards 
perfect bodily balance, without which health 
is not. One thing, however, is clearly shown 
in the results of the investigations thus far 
conducted: The human race possesses the 
possibility of reaching a point where nutri- 
tion and elimination shall become functions 
automatically performed. 

The action of food within the body em- 
bodies a process more or less mechanical. Its 
function consists in replacing cell structure 
the usefulness of which is exhausted, a func- 
tion that supplies and repairs the working 
parts of the human machine. In this process 
energy is liberated, utilized, and dissipated, 
and, in so far as the expenditure of what may 
be called nervous force is compensated, a 
balance is maintained. To accomplish its 
work, food must be prepared for conversion 

135 



FASTING 

into living tissue, and the details of this 
change are sufficiently familiar to preclude 
description here. However, the act of diges- 
tion is an effort at once nervous and mus- 
cular, which will be followed by troubles in- 
numerable if continued beyond the real need 
of the system; for, when the body is over- 
loaded with sustenance, energy that might 
well be utilized for other important purposes 
is employed in the disposal of that in excess 
of what is needed for the repair of used tis- 
sue. Surplus is thus accumulated in circula- 
tion, in tissue, and in the organs of elimina- 
tion; and of this the portion which the liver 
is able to separate and cast out, together with 
undigested matter in the intestinal tract, de- 
composes and is absorbed to be re-deposited 
with detrimental effect. The natural avenues 
of energic force are, as a consequence, clog- 
ged, imperfect functioning occurs, and dis- 
ease results. 

Normally only that portion of digested 
food that is assimilated can be used by the 
blood for the repair of cell structure; the re- 
mainder is refuse, and, in cases of overfeed- 
ing, it takes its place, as described, with un- 
digested material to ferment and decompose 
in the intestinal tract. Absorption of toxins 

130 



FOOD AND DISEASE 

thus formed occurs rapidly and continuously, 
as is shown by the symptoms that follow. 

An examination of human fecal discharges 
in the average case reveals conditions that are 
conclusive. Undigested food is found, di- 
gested food products and old f eces are pres- 
ent, and, dependent upon diet and mastica- 
tion, the odor is more or less offensive. Nor- 
mal refuse from properly masticated and 
chemically changed food is not disagreeable 
in odor. When daily examination is con- 
tinued for a time, assurance is gained that 
food is not all digested; that the bowels are 
not completely cleared of waste by a regular 
daily movement; that fermenting, rotting 
matter defiles the human interior to an extent 
scarcely to be accepted as a fact ; and that, in 
consequence of over-supply, unnecessary tax 
is put upon the digestive tract and upon the 
organs of elimination. The results are ap- 
parent in a waste of energy that lowers vi- 
tality and diminishes the power of assimila- 
tion a double injury. 

A movement of the bowels each day is no 
proof of a clean and healthy alimentary 
canal. Sufferers from digestive troubles 
often assume that, because the bowels are 
regular in action, the evacuations are corn- 
is? 



FASTING 

plete and sufficient, forgetful of the fact 
that, in most instances, but the rectum alone 
is relieved of its contents. Additional evi- 
dence of a filthy internal condition is fur- 
nished upon the administration of the enema, 
when quantities of old, hardened fecal matter 
appear. And post mortem dissection of the 
colon gives further proof of foulness, for 
masses of waste are discovered clinging to its 
walls, material beyond the power of the or- 
gan to eliminate, the direct result of over- 
feeding. A movement of the bowels in these 
circumstances takes place only through the 
center of the clogged tube. These facts are 
developed in the majority of cases, and but 
one inference can be made food waste rot- 
ting in human intestines forms soil analogous 
to that of filth decomposing in outer air, with 
the result that the destroying agents of na- 
ture, bacilli, are at once introduced fully 
equipped as scavengers. 

The germ evolves and propagates, not to 
create disease, but to remove its cause ; not on 
account of the ill-health of the body, but for 
the sole reason that ignorant and improper 
handling of the resources of nature furnishes 
conditions that stimulate and conserve germ 
life. The remedy lies, not in making the body 

138 



a battle-ground for myriad antagonistic 
hordes of minute organisms, but in expedi- 
tiously removing the putrid field in which 
alone these really invaluable servants of na- 
ture can exist. 

Despite prevalent belief, disease never 
strikes suddenly, but is the consequence of 
long-continued violations of natural law. It 
is the result of a gradual clogging of the ave- 
nues of vitality with dead material, a long- 
drawn process of stifling the forces of life. 
"Every disease," says Dr. E. H. Dewey, "is 
an inherited possibility, which every violation 
of the laws of life tends to develop. It is 
never simply an attack on a well person, but 
rather a summing-up of the more or less life- 
long violations of health laws." As a result 
of these transgressions, loss of digestive 
power occurs; disease symptoms become ap- 
parent on lines of least resistance; and the 
physical scales no longer balance. The de- 
composition of every morsel of food that 
enters a human stomach in excess of the need 
for repair of broken-down tissue and growth 
is always the direct cause of morbid condi- 
tions. Defining disease as here outlined, it 
may be succinctly stated that it is the result 
of the products of the decomposition of sur- 

139 



FASTING 



plus food held within the body food be- 
yond the need of the system for the repair 
of broken-down tissue. 

Symptoms of disease, the outward and in- 
ward evidences of its presence, vary with 
temperament, hereditary tendencies, sur- 
roundings, and the physical condition of the 
individual. No two human beings ever ex- 
press identical morbid signs, even in like en- 
vironment ; and the reason underlying the de- 
velopment of disease symptoms, perhaps 
diametrically opposed, in persons similarly 
situated, is to be sought in the domain of the 
phenomena of heredity. 

Food prepared in the successive stages of 
digestion for conversion into tissue nourish- 
ment is eventually transformed into chyle, a 
milky fluid that is absorbed from the intes- 
tines and carried through liver, heart, and 
lungs to the arterial system. Elements other 
than food products enter into the cell struc- 
ture, but the great supply of material for re- 
building is secured from food ingested and 
digested, and blood quality depends in large 
degree upon food properly converted and 
perfectly assimilated. Any disturbance of 
any part of the processes of digestion and as- 
similation causes an imperfect supply of 

140 



FOOD AND DISEASE 

blood and hence of tissue nourishment. 
When such disorder occurs, abnormal func- 
tioning of vital organs results, the blood be- 
comes encumbered with impurities, and na- 
ture at once makes effort to restore normal 
balance by manifesting disease. 

A review of the physiology of the passage 
of the blood through the body evidences that 
health is synonymous with perfect blood 
quality and circulation. What is deposited in 
one state is removed in another; and, given 
a pure blood supply properly delivered, 
broken-down tissue is at once eliminated and 
replaced. The products of converted food 
are furnished to the tissue by the blood, and 
this fluid gathers and carries away the refuse. 
Upon the normal performance of this pro- 
cess depends the maintenance of the animal 
body. 

With these premises it should not now re- 
quire an exhaustive argument to establish the 
fact that disease has its origin in digestion 
abused and impaired. The treatment herein 
described rests in its entirety upon the exposi- 
tion of this fundamental truth, and long ex- 
perience at various cases places an axiomatic 
value upon the statement that, whatever the 
symptom, the sole cause of disease is found 

141 



FASTING 



in impaired digestion, manifested in impure 
blood. The law of compensation in nature is 
here amply and completely shown, for each 
and every violation of the rule of obedience is 
visited with condign correction, individual or 
cumulative. On the other hand, relief and 
restoration are offered when the road of in- 
dulgence is forsaken and natural paths re- 
sumed. 

Granting that impaired digestion is the 
source of impure blood or disease, it is the 
purpose of the following pages to establish 
that abused digestive functions, relieved 
from their labors for a time, will recover and 
return with renewed vigor to their appointed 
tasks. Rest and rest alone is the one means 
of recuperation in the realm of nature, and 
the sole purpose of physical life is so to main- 
tain the structure of the human body that 
disease may be prevented and eradicated. 



142 



CHAPTER X 



REST. AND ELIMINATION 



"A man. cannot be a perfect physician of any one 
save of himself alone/' 

Louis Cornaro. 



143 



CHAPTER X. 

REST AND ELIMINATION 

BODY tissue is continuously undergoing 
change of structure. The cells that 
form it are constantly dying, are cast 
off, and fresh material is supplied. The 
waste eliminated is poison ; and, without mus- 
cular rest, this dead and harmful refuse can- 
not be replaced with sufficient rapidity by 
new products. This applies not only to mus- 
cles in active use, but to all of the bodily 
fabric. Rapid exercise of any part of the 
human machine can be continued but for a 
short time, for, because of vigorous muscular 
action, voluntary or involuntary, poisonous 
substances are thrown into the blood and are 
carried to tissue, nerves, and brain. Through 
the nerve cells the heart is affected, and the 
muscles of respiration are to a similar extent 
disturbed, and resulting symptoms of self- 
toxication appear that may end in death. 
The only means of restoration lies in abso- 
lute muscular rest. 

146 



FASTING 



The heart, though making contractions at 
the rate of seventy-two beats a minute, is able 
to continue its work throughout the life of an 
individual, since each contraction of this mus- 
cle is followed by an interval of rest, during 
which the cells recuperate. Stimulate the 
heart beats beyond the normal rate, and a 
point is soon reached at which poisonous 
products are not replaced by fresh cells, since 
the intervals of rest are insufficient. Similar 
conditions are met in the action of the dia- 
phragm and of the chest and abdominal mus- 
cles used in respiration. 

Just here a distinction in function needs 
notation : 

The muscles that move involuntarily, those 
that are not subject to the human will, never 
know absolute rest, for they continue their 
labors whether the body be asleep or awake. 

On the other hand, those muscles, the ac- 
tion of which depends upon the direction of 
the human will, cannot work continuously, 
lest fatigue with fatal exhaustion follow. 

Seemingly, automatic labor, labor not di- 
rected by the highest function of conscious- 
ness, does not wear. It is only conscious work 
that requires for recuperation and muscle-re- 
building other means than simple non-use or 

146 



REST AND ELIMINATION 

physical rest. This is granted in that loss of 
consciousness, regularly recurrent in animal 
life, which is called sleep. 

All during life each component part of 
the body in the very act of living produces 
poison within itself. When toxins accumu- 
late faster than they are eliminated, as occurs 
when no interval of rest is granted, fatigue 
is felt, and fatigue is only another name for 
toxic infection. A normal amount of labor is 
easily cared for by the muscular system, but 
excess work brings disaster. If action and 
rest are so regulated that the cells may give 
off their waste products at a rate to keep pace 
with new formations, muscle, and nerve tis- 
sue as well, will always be in position to liber- 
ate energy on demand. 

From the time of birth until death, the or- 
gans of the human body function continu- 
ously. On the other hand, in the vegetable 
kingdom the plant maintains and conserves 
life by added growth from year to year. The 
vital parts of the plant are re-created and 
their predecessors become mere physical sup- 
ports corresponding to the bony framework 
in man. The power resident in the tree of 
producing new equipment annually is denied 
to humanity, not by nature, but because of 

147 



FASTING 



imperfect interpretation of natural law. 
Physical growth and muscular development 
in man are never completely rounded out, 
and this may be attributed to a double cause. 
Theoretically, every muscle of the body 
should be exercised impartially and be 
nourished with just the quantity of cell pabu- 
lum that is necessary for the replacement of 
its waste. This never occurs ; but it is a possi- 
bility that may be contemplated with surety 
since it is a natural condition. To bring it to 
pass, reciprocal action must exist between 
intake and outgo, rebuilding and waste, labor 
and rest, consciousness and sleep. 

The processes of nutrition are involuntary 
in character so long as material is supplied 
for their use, but they may be directed by the 
individual to the extent of the selection and 
preparation of nourishment. In this they 
differ from the functions of the involuntary 
muscles and organs of the body, the control 
of which is entirely beyond that of the human 
will. When through abuse the digestive 
function becomes impaired, disease results. 
Functional disease is then analogous to mus- 
cular fatigue, and, since nature knows but 
one law of recuperation that of rest it is 
reasonable to assume what the text promul- 

146 



REST AND ELIMINATION 

gates: Rest through abeyance of the pro- 
cesses of digestion offers the possibility of 
complete renewal of functional machinery. 

The manner in which the digestive organs 
may be given needed rest is perhaps not at 
once apparent. The mere thought of absten- 
tion from food carries with it violation of 
long-taught doctrine that frequent feeding 
in sickness and in health is necessary for the 
maintenance of vitality and strength. Yet 
just this omission of food is meant when rest 
through abeyance of the digestive function 
is suggested. The phenomena of fasting for 
the cure of disease include facts that prove 
that the human body does not depend for 
strength or for vitality upon ingested food; 
the latter is utilized for the repair of the 
body as the vehicle of the expression of these 
forces, and by it the material framework is 
kept in condition to liberate the life principle 
in its variety of manifestation. 

In illness weight is always lost, and, con- 
tingent upon the duration or the severity 
of disease, the substance of the body dim- 
inishes in greater or in less degree. Dur- 
ing sickness, under prevailing methods, feed- 
ing is continuous, and, if the stomach rebel, 
nutrient enemata are pressed into service. 

149 



FASTING 



The question suggests itself, why, if food is 
constantly supplied, naturally or otherwise, 
does the body lose in weight? The answer is 
found in the fact that the intake is not di- 
gested, consequently is not assimilated, and, 
far from nourishing the tissues, is an added 
burden to functions already overtaxed. An- 
other cause is discovered in that brain and 
nerve tissue, as instruments for the expres- 
sion of thought and sensation, are protected 
from deterioration in substance, even in 
disease, by a provision of nature that permits 
them to utilize nourishment stored in the in- 
terstices of body tissue. This they consume in 
illness and in health, and, when in disease a 
normal balance is not preserved, when cells 
are not rebuilt as waste occurs, they still are 
supported from this source. 

With slight differences the physiology of 
digestion in all mammals is markedly similar. 
When disease is manifest, the lower animals 
and the reptiles abstain from food until 
health is restored. They are compelled to this 
by instinct, a force implanted by nature in 
the whole of animate creation. The fasting 
which animals instinctively undergo is a fact 
that is constantly observed, but not in general 
mtelligently perceived. A common expres- 

140 



REST AND ELIMINATION 

sion of the stable in reference to the ailments 
of the horse embodies the phrase, "off his 
feed," and this alone illustrates the instinct 
that impels the animal to fast when its physi- 
cal well-being is disturbed. A python in 
captivity has been known to abstain from 
food for thirteen months with no deleterious 
effects beyond a loss in weight; and cats 
often prolong abstention to skeleton condi- 
tion, when they rapidly return to health with 
strength and vigor increased. Instances such 
as these may be multiplied indefinitely. 

Omitting the mental states of fear and 
worry, which of necessity react upon the 
physical body, and bodily conditions of se- 
vere pain or of continued exposure, the aver- 
age human being cannot die from want of 
food for several months. This fact has been 
substantiated in many instances in medical 
history, and it is verified and corroborated 
daily in fasting for the cure of disease. 

If, then, the body can exist without food 
for a time, and, if in illness the stomach in- 
stinctively objects to its introduction, it is 
reasonable to infer that food not desired is 
not necessary, and, once accepted, this infer- 
ence is abundantly justified. The results of 
its practical application are such that they 

151 



FASTING 



lead to the conclusion that, in the absence of 
mechanical defects in physical organs, ab- 
stinence from food, with other natural health- 
giving and health-preserving accompani- 
ments, is the unfailing remedy for the cure 
of functional ills. 



162 



CHAPTER XI 



AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 



"The heart receiveth benefit or harm mott from the 
air which we breathe. 

"Washing the body in water is good for length of 
life. 

"Sleep doth supply somewhat to nourishment, and 
conferreth to length of days. 

"No body can be healthy without exercise, neither 
natural body nor politic." 

Lord Bacon. 



CHAPTER XI 

AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 

BREATHING. Nature has provided 
in the air that surrounds the earth a 
plentiful supply of oxygen, a gas that 
is essential to the maintenance of human life. 
Its function lies in replacing carbonic acid, a 
poisonous gas developed within the body by 
the breaking down of tissue, and delivered to 
the lungs in venous blood. In the process of 
breathing, oxygen is inhaled and appropri- 
ated, while carbonic acid is expelled. The act 
of respiration exposes the blood to the air, 
and by mutual diffusion the two operations 
of oxygenating the blood and freeing it from 
carbonic acid are accomplished at one and the 
same time. The muscular movements of 
respiration are not dependent upon the will, 
as the same process goes on in sleep and in 
other unconscious states. The number of 
respiratory movements in health varies from 
fourteen to eighteen per minute, and besides 
carbonic acid, watery vapor and a small 

155 



FASTING 

quantity of organic matter are exhaled, the 
latter dependent upon the condition of the di- 
gestive apparatus. 

In order to supply oxygen to the system, 
from 300 to 400 cubic feet of air are drawn 
into the lungs in twenty-four hours. Each 
hour an adult inhales about 500 grains of 
oxygen and emits about 600 grains of car- 
bonic acid with a much larger amount of 
watery vapor. Deprived of air the body per- 
ishes from asphyxiation. 

It follows that not only is a continued sup- 
ply of fresh air essential to life, but that 
constant care is necessary to insure its purity 
at the moment of delivery. The natural 
channels for the passage of air to the lungs 
begin at the nostrils, which are furnished 
with short fine hairs and with mucus secre- 
tion, mechanical preventives of the inhalation 
of dust and light material. If obstruction of 
the nasal tract occurs, it is possible for 
breathing to take place through the mouth, 
but so harmful is the latter method to general 
health that attention is here directed to its 
results. 

Overfeeding a child invariably develops a 
cold with accompanying nasal discharge and 
consequent obstruction of the natural air pas- 

156 



AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 

sages. A prolonged cold or a series of colds 
compel the use of the mouth for the act of 
breathing, a method that, if not corrected, 
eventually becomes habitual. Constant irri- 
tation and inflammation of the mucus mem- 
brane of the nostrils and of the vault of the 
pharynx cause the much discussed adenoid 
growths to form, and obstruction of the air 
canal is thereafter permanent until removal 
of the obstacles is accomplished either by the 
fast or by surgical means. Children thus 
affected are stupid and sluggish and exhibit 
a characteristic facial expression approach- 
ing that of imbecility. In fact, when the 
habit of mouth breathing has been contracted 
in infancy or in adult life, even when no ob- 
struction of the naso-pharyngeal vault exists, 
not only do the nasal passages, through the 
lack of exercise, fail of normal development, 
but the open mouth and dulled eyes denote a 
serious deficiency in intellectual advance and 
capability. 

We cannot know the exact source whence 
is received the influx of vitality and energy, 
the expression of which is life, nor in what 
manner these forces penetrate the physical 
body and animate its movements and its 
thought, but whatever is gained of vital 

157 



FASTING 

power from without and life is very evi- 
dently neither residual nor developed within 
the body must reach us from the domain of 
the surrounding atmosphere, either through 
air itself or through its penetrating medium, 
ether. Its transference to the brain directly 
through the bony structure immediately 
above and back of the nasal passages is con- 
ceivable; and, while the purity of the atmos- 
pheric constituents that furnish the lungs 
with blood-restoring activity may well be 
vitiated in transmission by paths not natu- 
rally intended, the lack of intellectuality dis- 
played in all mouth breathers cannot be 
accounted for on this basis, since no deprecia- 
tion in blood value is apparent. Hence the 
theory here presented: that vital force 
enters the body from without, through the 
natural air passages and the bony cavities 
immediately above and in their rear. What- 
ever the attitude of the reader in respect to 
this, there can be no question of the import- 
ance to be attached to the formation of a 
nasal breathing habit hygienic, because it 
is natural; healthful, because it is correct. 

In the fast proper respiratory methods 
must be pursued, and deep breathing prac- 
ticed. Every portion of the lung surface 

158 



AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 

should be exposed to the general purification 
resultant from oxygenation of the blood, and 
an insure this, in addition to lung exercise, 
the body should be in contact with outer air 
day and night. Well ventilated living and 
sleeping rooms are important to the highest 
degree in illness, in fasting, and in health. 

BATHING. The skin or covering of the 
human body consists of an outer layer called 
the cuticle, and of an inner one, the corium. 
These constitute the true skin, but under 
them lies a third layer of cellular tissue, 
which is considered also as part of the skin, 
when that word is used in its most compre- 
hensive sense. In man the skin is covered 
more or less with scattered hairs, profuse in 
some parts and scanty in others. The office 
of the skin is one of protection to the organs 
beneath, and it is also a vast excretory sys- 
tem, sending out quantities of perspiration 
through the sudoriferous glands located in 
its texture. Each of these glands consists of 
a long fine tube coiled into a knot near its 
closed end, which is situated in the cutaneous 
cellular tissue, and constitutes the gland 
proper, and of a straight or spinal duct tra- 
versing the outer layers and ending in a sur- 
face opening called a pore. Nearly 3,000 of 

159 



the latter are found upon a square inch of the 
palm of the hand, and at least 500 on an equal 
space upon other parts of the body. 

Perspiration is the watery matter 
"breathed out" from the system through the 
pores described. It is more copious than the 
exudation from the lungs by respiration, but 
the quantity discharged varies greatly, and is 
affected by the heat or the dryness of the at- 
mosphere, by liquids drunk, by exercise, and 
by the relative activity of the kidneys. Sensi- 
ble perspiration is that which is perceptible in 
the form of small drops, but by far the larger 
portion exuded is of the insensible or non- 
visible kind. Solid matter is carried to the 
surface of the skin in the sweat, and authori- 
ties all agree that a considerable proportion 
of the total waste of the body is evacuated in 
this manner. Hence, besides keeping the 
skin in a healthy, moist condition, and acting 
through evaporation as a refrigerator regu- 
lating body temperature, perspiration takes 
its share in the elimination of useless material. 

Close sympathy exists between the skin 
and the lungs, the kidneys, the liver, and the 
bowels, and this is evidenced in the fact that, 
when one or other of these organs becomes 
affected by disease, the perspiratory function 

160 



is sympathetically deranged and vice versa. 
This does not necessarily mean that the 
effect is produced by physical transference 
of suppressed exhalation to the internal or- 
gan nor the reverse; the chief impression 
seems to be made upon the nervous system. 
But the importance of the relation existing 
between the skin and the other excretory or- 
gans is such that it cannot be disregarded 
when disease is to be remedied. 

In order to insure functional activity of 
the surface of the body, frequent bathing is 
necessary at all times. For this purpose one 
cleansing bath daily is required. Dead, 
scaly particles of skin, dirt, and the products 
of perspiration are thus removed, and the 
other organs of elimination are relieved from 
the performance of extra labor. The rule 
of the body is that of cleanliness, internal 
and external. The importance of the daily 
cleansing bath during a fast period needs no 
further exposition. 

A bath with temperature ranging from 
80 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit is suitable for 
elderly people and for those who do not nerv- 
ously react with promptness from either heat 
or cold. One of temperature not more than 
105 degrees is cleansing in the highest sense 

161 



FASTING 

if soap be freely used and the flesh-brush 
vigorously plied. The cold bath of register 
lower than 75 degrees should never be em- 
ployed except in health and for tonic pur- 
poses. It has a powerful stimulating action 
on the circulation and nervous system, in ad- 
dition to but slight cleansing properties. It 
cannot be used during the fast. 

Bathing should never be undertaken im- 
mediately before or directly after eating, and 
an interval of at least two hours should 
elapse between. During the menstrual flow 
in woman, medical authority to the contrary, 
a warm sitz or full body bath, with a warm 
vaginal douche are imperative for clean- 
liness and for relief and ease in function. 

Caution is directed in connection with all 
bathing toward continuing the bath to undue 
length. Only time sufficient to cleanse the 
body or to receive a tonic effect should be 
occupied; more than this is weakening. 
When, in the fast, chilliness occurs, a few 
minutes in the hot bath equalizes the circula- 
tion and remedies the condition, care being 
taken to guard against exposure at its con- 
clusion. 

Civilization and the customs it entails are 
responsible for many physiological evils. 

162 



AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 

The two great mediums through which 
energy is delivered to the human body, pure 
air and sunshine, are in large part denied im- 
mediate contact with its surface. Clothing 
prevents full elimination of perspiration and 
its products, which remain to be partially ab- 
sorbed or to clog the pores of the skin. This 
defect can be remedied to a degree by daily 
exposing the naked body to the outer air for 
as long a time as can be spared from other 
duties. The air bath is a valuable adjunct to 
natural treatment for the prevention and 
cure of disease, and of equal worth is the 
action of the direct rays of the sun upon the 
skin. The human plant absorbs the tonic 
properties of air and sunlight with the eager- 
ness of its garden counterpart, and these 
baths add their quota of benefits to the other 
hygienic means described. In the fast these 
two baths should form a daily habit. 

The skin is the natural clothing of the 
body. Its protection to the parts beneath is 
aided by deposits of fat, a non-conductor of 
heat, distributed more or less uniformly over 
the body. When overheated, evaporation of 
perspiration cools ; when chilled, closed pores 
retain the body warmth. Like the lungs, the 
skin admits of blood oxygenation through 

163 



FASTING 



the walls of the capillaries, and, as has been 
shown, it is an organ of elimination as well. 
In the conservation of body heat, the skin is 
the thermostat of the organism. It preserves 
and regulates temperature, and acts as a gov- 
ernor of internal mechanism. If its function 
be interfered with by the interposition of sub- 
stances between it and outer air, evaporation 
cannot take place freely, and elimination of 
the products of the pores is impeded, if not 
entirely arrested. Temperature is main- 
tained in this instance artificially and ab- 
normally, for disease of function causes in- 
terior combustion that is detrimental to 
health. Kindred organs are called upon to 
do the work of body covering, and danger 
lurks in forced exertion. A chill precedes a 
fever; the pores are closed; intense heat is 
generated; the fever is cured when perspira- 
tion with subsequent evaporation is restored. 
A very striking exemplification of these facts 
is given in cases of cutaneous burns where 
large areas are affected. Respiration is in- 
creased to exhaustion, and kidney discharges 
are highly colored with waste that ordinarily 
is eliminated through the pores. If an ex- 
treme proportion of skin area is seared, suf- 
focation ensues. Also fatal results ensuewhen 

164 



AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 

the body is covered with a substance that is 
impervious to air, such as gold-leaf. Here 
the symptoms are those that accompany 
asphyxiation. 

Ages of submission to conventionality 
have compelled skin covering, and have 
evolutionally made of this organ a partial 
functioner. Since clothing is an essential of 
civilization, the remedy lies in making it as 
light and as pervious to air as is consistent 
with decency, and in caring for the surface 
of the body with constancy and diligence. 

SLEEP. Nature's law of recuperation is 
that of rest, of relief from labor. The instru- 
ment of thought and of motive government, 
the brain, obtains its repose in regularly re- 
curring periods of unconsciousness and ces- 
sation. of bodily activity the hours of sleep. 
It is then that the cells of the human battery 
are recharged, that the working principal 
receives its potential for transformation 
during conscious moments. Sleep is a physio- 
logical necessity and death results within a 
few days if it be denied. In the fast, due to 
slight brain congestion produced by excessive 
elimination in the prior stages, inability to 
slumber is sometimes present, but attention 
to the bath and to the ventilation of the sleep- 

165 



FASTING 



ing apartment brings refreshing rest as dis- 
ease departs. No garment worn during the 
day should cover the body in sleep, and bed- 
clothing should be regulated to an accurate 
degree of protection, neither too heavy nor 
too light. 

EXERCISE. The maintenance of every 
muscle and organ of the body in propor- 
tionate development is regulated by its work. 
Constant use of a particular muscle adds to 
its substance at the expense of that of its 
neighbor, hence the aim of all exercise should 
be directed at equality of labor. Trunk and 
legs, arms and neck, all should receive pro- 
portioned attention. Muscular development 
also depends upon an unimpeded circulation 
of blood and upon healthful cell-forming 
constituents constantly furnished to replace 
used tissue. Constriction of the body in any 
part prevents free circulation, and only loose 
garments permit of full growth and proper 
development. The tight collar, the garter, 
and the corset, make flabby muscles inevit- 
able, and only a body unrestrained by the 
bonds of conventional dress can hope for 
physical perfection in form. But few elderly 
women of the present day can exhibit an 
abdomen that is not pendulous, nor breasts 

166 



AUXILIARIES IN FASTING 

that do not sag; and, as age creeps on, thighs 
and buttocks droop with muscular atrophy 
and with deposits of adipose cells. The pos- 
sibilities of natural hygienic living, coupled 
with judicious exercise, are surely worth con- 
sideration, if merely for the satisfaction of 
personal appearance, but their more import- 
ant effects upon general health and longevity 
make neglect of these desiderata sinful and 
criminal. 

During a fast moderate exercise in keep- 
ing with the daily access of strength is ad- 
vised, and after its completion constant com- 
prehensive muscular activity is essential to 
rebuilding and to form-development. 

The subject matter of this chapter, then, 
resolves itself into three requisites, equally 
divided in importance : 

Ventilation of the body within and with- 
out; 

Activity for its members; and 

Rest for their recuperation. 

Of similar moment are these hygienic 
measures with the laws of maintenance else- 
where enumerated. 



IflT 



CHAPTER XII 



DIET 



'Know prudent, cautious telj-control 
It tvitdom'g root." 



Robert Burns. 



199 



CHAPTER XII 

, DIET 

DIET at any time is largely a matter of 
special need, but it would seem that, 
after a course of fasting, the success- 
ful issue of which depends upon a reduction 
to normal in all respects, certain fixed rules 
might be laid down to apply to all cases. 
Peculiar limitations are developed in each 
individual, for which the physical sins of 
generations of ancestors are in great measure 
responsible; hence empirical methods must 
be employed in the selection of foods requi- 
site for the case in hand. 

Taste plays an important part in the choice 
of food material in health, and it is popularly 
believed that, when an article of sustenance 
is not repugnant to this sense, it is healthful 
and wholesome, and that harm cannot result 
from its ingestion. One of the objects that 
nature has in placing the nerves of taste in 
the mouth is to prevent noxious substances 
from entering the stomach; but, as a conse- 

171 



FASTING 

quence of persistent cultivation, the sense of 
taste has been much perverted, and most men 
and women are more or less abnormal in 
taste perception. To the lack of sense per- 
ception in this respect is due much of care- 
lessness in mastication. Improperly accom- 
plished salivation and the seeds of disease are 
resulting evils. With normal taste the medi- 
cal profession would be at loss to administer 
the average drug were the patient to masti- 
cate or insalivate its substance. Recognizing 
this fact as well as the subsequent action of 
the digestive juices upon medical remedies, 
the physician obviates the difficulty pre- 
sented by the use of capsules or by introduc- 
ing the drug directly into the blood. 

The sense of smell, reaching out beyond 
the body ere food material passes the lips, 
assists in its selection, and it and taste, when 
normal in function and not vitiated by culti- 
vation and habit, form a perfect picket-line 
of protection against the introdution of un- 
wholesome nourishment into the system. 
Normally constituted bodies prefer those 
odors that are classified as pleasant, yet con- 
tinual personal contact with emanations that 
are distinctly disagreeable, first brings toler- 
ance and finally pleasure in their presence. 

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DIET 

Perhaps this departure from natural law and 
normal instinct can be illustrated in convinc- 
ing form by contemplating the sensual 
delight of the epicure in cheeses of doubtful 
age but of indubitable rottenness. 

The fallacy of attempting practical ap- 
plication of a theory of food selection based 
upon taste and smell alone is easily demon- 
strated. The question resolves itself into one 
concerning the needs of the body, but, after 
a fast, taste and smell are restored to normal 
acuteness and, so long as they remain in this 
state, they may be used as partial indicators. 
At this time all wholesome food gives delight 
and is desired with a hunger created in a 
clean, healthy system that asks for nourish- 
ment and that fully enjoys its ingestion. 
Simple foods, properly prepared and cor- 
rectly proportioned as to the relative amounts 
of fats, carbo-hydrates, and protein, with 
the necessary mineral salts, are what the dieti- 
tian and the patient should endeavor to sup- 
ply. The fast is ended, the system cleansed, 
and the digestive organs are in full vigor, 
waiting to form pure blood and pure tissue 
from pure food. 

No further detail is needed to show that 
mankind habitually overeats and that, as a 

173 



FASTING 1 



result, nutritive material is absorbed into the 
circulation in quantity beyond the require- 
ments of the body, loading the system with 
an unnecessary and harmful burden and 
hampering with poisonous waste the opera- 
tion of its machinery. But, just as the liver 
stands guard, in so far as it may, over mat- 
ters absorbed, and just as it separates the 
good from the bad, so, at the very inception 
of the digestive process, the mouth, with its 
armor of teeth and its salivary apparatus, de- 
termines in large degree the amount of food 
needed in nutrition. 

The mouth holds the nerves of taste, taste 
is enjoyed in the mouth, and taste has its 
great purpose in deciding just when food has 
been ground between the teeth sufficiently to 
prepare it for the subsequent processes. 
Taste disappears when food has been 
properly insalivated, and too thorough mas- 
tication cannot occur, for the benefits derived 
are immeasurable, even apart from the com- 
minution of solids. The mouth easily ac- 
complishes this work when the habit of mas- 
tication has been acquired, but, if it perform 
it carelessly, the other organs of digestion 
cannot act in normal function, and, as a mat- 
ter of fact, perfect digestion cannot occur, 

174 



DIET 

since one of its processes has been omitted. 
The only portion of the operation of diges- 
tion that can be voluntarily controlled is that 
which is done in the mouth, hence the subject 
of the mastication of food is an all-important 
one. Its value in the economy of the human 
body is excellently treated by Horace 
Fletcher in his "A-B-Z of our own Nutri- 
tion." 

Fletcher says: "When food is filtered into 
the body after having become liquified and 
made alkaline or at least neutral by saliva, the 
appetite is given a chance to measure the 
needs of the body and to discriminate against 
excess. As soon as the point of complete 
saturation of any one deficiency is reached, 
the appetite is cut off as short as possible, 
with no indication of stomach fullness. It 
will welcome a little of protein, and then turn 
to sugar or fat in some of their numerous 
forms. Thirst for water will assert itself for 
a moment, sometimes asking but a drop and 
again for a full glass ; and, afterwards, when 
near the point of complete saturation, appe- 
tite will hesitate for a moment, as if searching 
around for some rare substance and may find 
its final satisfaction in a single spoonful of 
sweet, or of a sip of something in sight. 
ITS 



FASTING 

"The appetite, satisfied by the infiltering 
process, is a sweetly appeased appetite, calm, 
rested, contented, normal. There is no 
danger from the flooding of intemperance 
for there is not even toleration of excess, 
either of more food or of more drink, and 
this contented appetite will remain in the 
condition of contentment until another need 
has really been earned by evaporation or de- 
structive katabolism." 

Fletcher uses in his description the term, 
appetite, in the sense that the word, hunger, 
is employed in the present text. In the con- 
ditions that he so well expresses lies the solu- 
tion of the problem of overeating. Masti- 
cation, carried to the degree that taste is 
neutralized, absolutely precludes eating save 
for the needs of metabolism. The supply is 
made equal to the demand, neither more nor 
less; and intemperance in food or drink is 
effectively prevented. 

A scientific discussion of the question of 
diet is manifestly out of place in this text. 
Authorities differ widely and none has dealt 
with feeding from the viewpoint met after a 
fast, with a stomach, so to speak, re-created. 

It is no undue iteration to again point out 

176 



DIET 

that diet is largely a matter of special need, 
and that no fixed rules can be promulgated to 
apply in every case ; but certain general prin- 
ciples require discussion, of which the first 
and most important deals with the use or non- 
use of meat. Flesh in any form should never 
enter the dietary of normal man. Argu- 
ments for and against have long been ex- 
changed on this subject, and advocates of 
the strongest will combat the non-flesh diet 
for years to come. The argument that serves 
to refute this error in hygiene contains, 
among others, the following premises : First, 
dead animal tissue holds within it the 
products of metabolism. The process of 
change is suddenly arrested when the animal 
is killed, and the juices of the body of the 
latter contain un-eliminated toxic products 
from broken-down cell-tissue that no process 
of cooking can destroy. For that matter, 
even were they completely annihilated, flesh 
is still changed vegetable tissue with the 
waste of the process of change and that of 
the living organism retained in its structure, 
a condition that logically suggests the con- 
sumption of the plant rather than of its crea- 
tion. In addition, decomposition of animal 
flesh begins at the moment of death, and by 

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FASTING 

the time it is consumed as food, decay has 
progressed almost to the point of putrefac- 
tion. In the fast it is observed that excessive 
meat eaters and patients who previously have 
undergone the "Salisbury treatment" with 
its forced feeding of flesh, exhibit a foulness 
in elimination so much beyond that in all 
other cases that it renders them obnoxious 
even to themselves. 

Mr. Otto Carque in his "Errors of Bio- 
Chemistry" says: "There is also a marked 
physiological difference between plant and 
animal food. Animals are distinguished 
from vegetables by incessant decay in every 
tissue, a decay which is proportional to ani- 
mal activity. This incessant decay necessi- 
tates incessant repair, so that the animal body 
has been likened to a temple on which two 
opposite forces are at work in every part, 
the one tearing down, the other repairing the 
breach as fast as it is made. In plants no such 
incessant decay has ever been discovered. If 
it exists at all, it must be very trifling in com- 
parison. Protoplasm, it is true, is taken from 
the older parts of the plant, and these parts 
die; but the protoplasm does not seem to de- 
compose, but is used again for tissue build- 
ing. Thus the eternal activity of animals is 

178 



DIET 

of two kinds, tissue-destroying and tissue- 
building, while that of plants is principally 
of one kind, tissue building. Flesh foods 
will, therefore, impart less vitality to our sys- 
tem than plant foods, because the former 
always contain a quantity of substances 
which have undergone the various stages of 
katabolism and have lost their vital force. 
We feel drowsy and indolent after a heavy 
meal of meat, while an apple, an orange, a 
bunch of grapes, instantly refreshes us. The 
theories that flesh makes flesh, that blood is 
converted into blood, that calf's or sheep's 
brain increases our mental capacity, that 
meat is predigested plant food, cannot stand 
in the light of physiological chemistry." 

And again, recent experiments carried out 
most thoroughly by Irving Fisher, Professor 
of Political Economy at Yale University, 
show beyond any chance of refutation that 
the physical endurance of the human body is 
increased to the utmost by non-flesh diet. In 
the course of these experiments meat-eating 
athletes competed in test exercises with non- 
meat eaters, both sedentary and active in oc- 
cupation. The results were so largely in 
favor of the non-flesh diet that the most 
ardent advocates of the opposite side can find 

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FASTING 

no loop-hole through which to escape from 
the facts. 

No adequate explanation is as yet available 
of the evident superiority of a vegetarian diet 
over one of flesh as regards endurance, save, 
perhaps, in the theory that a diet composed 
in greater part of proteid produces uric acid 
and other crystalline substances, which in turn 
cause muscular fatigue in exercise. The facts 
are patent in these instances as related, as 
well as in the experiments made by the author 
of the text along similar lines during the past 
twelve years. The results obtained demon- 
strate that a non-flesh diet builds a consis- 
tently strong and enduring physical struc- 
ture, while the reverse is true in great part 
when meat figures in the list of food in- 
gested. In the past, facts such as these have 
been obscured and the truth has suffered be- 
cause the idea contained in the term, "vege- 
tarian," suggested what was popularly re- 
garded as fanaticism carried beyond all 
bounds. In the history of the world no doc- 
trine advanced with polemical warmth and 
coupled with enthusiasm and dogma almost 
religious, has ever had influence upon scien- 
tific thought, and, for this reason, the matter 
needs to be approached deliberately and dis- 

180 



DIET 

passionately, and with the seriousness befit- 
ting a subject that is of more practical im- 
port than any other in the whole range of 
hygienic research. When this shall have been 
accomplished, the theory embodied in the re- 
sults of the tests mentioned will be fully 
borne out and conclusively established as a 
living truth. 

With the individual himself rests the selec- 
tion of a healthful and properly distributed 
food supply. In order to maintain a normal 
body in perfect equilibrium, the amount and 
the selection of food require careful con- 
sideration. Quantity depends upon physical 
characteristics and the kind of labor at which 
the subject is employed. A working man de- 
stroys more tissue in shorter time than does 
the banker or the clerk ; yet, usually, the lat- 
ter eat no fewer meals nor less at a sitting 
than their burly brother. What is needed for 
the one is far more than sufficient for the 
others. Should the brain- worker devote spare 
time to outdoor recreation or to manual 
labor a mean might be established; but, in 
general, equilibrium is seldom reached, and 
the supply of food is far in excess of require- 
ment. The laboring man, too, is at fault in 
this respect, for, unless his be an exceptional 

181 



FASTING 



case, the basis of diet is starch, which carries 
its nutritive principle in a bulky vehicle, de- 
manding extra labor from the digestive tract 
in order to separate waste from nutriment 
and to eliminate the former. 

To reduce the supply of food to the re- 
ciprocal basis of demand, the plan that sug- 
gests the omission of the early morning 
breakfast is perhaps the easiest method to fol- 
low, and, once the habit is acquired, this meal 
is scarcely missed. Common sense indicates 
that food ingested soon after rising is really 
detrimental to the body and the mind, for 
the brain and the nervous system are recuper- 
ated by the night's rest, and tissue cells have 
been replaced while the body slept. In 
fact, the reasoning power is retarded and 
hampered in its action by the presence of 
food in the stomach, since the latter calls 
energy elsewhere and deprives the brain of 
just so much of its motive power. The whole 
mental and nervous systems are at their max- 
imum of energy in the early morning; the 
blood, in its double function, has replaced 
the waste it has carried away, and the entire 
human fabric stands at the threshold of the 
day ready for anything but the process of 
digesting food. There is no true hunger at 

182 



DIET 

this time; habit alone causes fictitious desire. 

Hunger determines the hours for the in- 
gestion of food each day. Regularity of 
habit as to the times for serving meals is an 
outgrowth of economic convenience, and 
more often than not the participant is im- 
posing a burden upon a system in no need, 
therefore with no desire of sustenance. In 
health, dependent upon occupation, hunger 
makes demand at least once but not more 
than twice daily, if the previous demand has 
been satisfied. 

In much that has been written concerning 
the matter of diet there are so many sweep- 
ing and conflicting statements, impossible 
rules, and foolish conclusions, that no wonder 
is felt at the fact that the whole subject is 
usually ignored as too intricate. There are 
many who try to enforce personal ideas upon 
others in this connection ; very persistent peo- 
ple these, to whom the term, "crank," may 
well be applied, and a "crank," who has 
picked up some scientific jargon and thinks 
himself cured of his ailments, works more 
harm than good in the world. This class may 
be extended to include those who really have 
been benefited by a diet that happens to suit 
personal requirements, and it comprises also 

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FASTING 

the one-food people who are in continual 
search of what not to devour, and who would 
reduce the universe to whole wheat and pe- 
cans. By these, at each encounter with their 
fellowmen, are discovered disease symptoms 
identical with their own, for which the same 
remedy is insisted upon and perhaps applied. 
It is absurd for any who are not familiar with 
the chemistry of foods to endeavor to talk 
learnedly of their action in human economy, 
and it may be taken as an axiom that, within 
the individual capacity, which can be known 
only by individual experiment, a diet limited 
in variety to not more than three propor- 
tioned items at each meal is more conducive 
to health than unlimited choice or a single 
dish. A list that is strictly limited to few 
things trains the stomach to adapt itself ac- 
cordingly, and eventually trouble ensues 
when change is attempted. 

After all, the amount of food and the kind 
thereof are of secondary importance to the 
physical condition of the digestive apparatus 
of the subject. It must continually be borne 
in mind that the state of the digestive or- 
gans is the crux of the whole situation. 
Therein lies health or illness. The aim of 
physician and of patient should constantly be 
directed at the restoration of the system to 

184 



DIET 

health, after which its maintenance in this 
condition requires careful attention to the 
selection and to the quantity of food. 



CHAPTER XIII 



"Whosoever is out of patience, is out of possession 
of his body and his soul." 

Lord Bacon. 



187 



CHAPTER XIII 

MENTAL AND BODILY REACTION 

BODILY action may be brought about 
in two ways through the brain, or 
through internal or external physical 
causes. In either case the nerve centers per- 
form their functions, either in the inception 
of the thought or in the transfer of outward 
or inward cause. The act of moving the hand 
may originate in the brain, or it may occur 
through the fact that the member is in close 
proximity to fire. In the former circum- 
stance the act begins with the thought in the 
brain, and nervous influence operates directly 
upon moving muscles. In the second condi- 
tion the sensory nerves inform the brain that 
the flesh is burning, and the brain sets in 
motion the muscles necessary to move the 
hand. In both instances the moving power 
emanates from the brain, and the phenome- 
non as described may happen in connection 
with any specific portion of the body. Not 

189 



FASTING 



only are these facts true of the voluntary 
muscles, but they may also be observed in 
similar phase in heart, lungs, stomach, and 
the organs of function in general. Swallow- 
ing an emetic causes vomiting, an effect 
brought about through muscular convulsion 
of the stomach for the purpose of ejecting 
a substance irritating to its nerves. The mere 
sight or thought of a disgusting object may 
have the same consequence, and imagination 
is oftentimes able to produce results like that 
occasioned by a powerful drug or by a com- 
bination of physical conditions. 

Every organic act, healthy or diseased, is 
due solely to a current sent from one of the 
great nerve centers, and the latter may be 
called into being either indirectly by reflex 
action, or directly by feeling or thought. 
Though the mind and the emotions have 
large influence over physical functions, the 
field of operation over which that influence 
extends is comparatively little known. It is, 
in some respects, almost unbounded, for 
every bodily function may be hastened, re- 
tarded, or even totally suspended, and life 
itself may be destroyed by the subjective ef- 
fect of thought. Pleasurable emotions are 
physically healthful ; painful ones the reverse ; 

190 



MENTAL AND BODILYREACTION 

but, when too intense and sudden, either can 
terminate life. 

The fibres of the pneumogastric nerve are 
distributed principally in and about the lungs 
and the stomach; hence its name. Whatever 
may be the motor functions that this nerve 
supplies, it largely influences the progress of 
digestion, for, when its fibres are cut below 
those branches that extend to the trachea, di- 
gestion is virtually arrested. Nervous influ- 
ence is essential to the proper action of the 
stomach, and, in the region of this organ, the 
nerves are so interlaced one with the other 
that, even though the direct road be de- 
stroyed, by-paths will still remain for the 
passage of nerve energy. If the latter were 
not needed in digestion, no reason would exist 
for the suspension of function by its with- 
drawal, and the invariable effect of worry, 
anxiety, fright, and anger is to arrest for a 
time all digestive action. The cause is obvious 
when the close connection between the brain 
and the nerve ganglia is considered. If 
nervous force is diverted in directions other 
than those followed in the digestion of food, 
exactly similar results occur as when the 
pneumogastric nerve is severed. 

Does the physical condition of the body in 

191 



like manner affect the mind? Observation 
shows not only that it does influence brain 
function, but that the results of disease are 
always and continuously displayed mentally. 
In many of the ordinary hypochondriacal 
disturbances, in melancholia, and in the vari- 
ous manias, other forms of treatment should 
be accompanied by correction of deranged 
digestive function. 

In health the constructive and destructive 
changes that take place in the human body 
progress without noticeable diminution or in- 
crease in excellence of brain quality, so long 
as waste material is promptly removed and 
suitable food is supplied and properly assimi- 
lated. 

In conditions of debility and weakness, 
whenever the influx is too large for the de- 
mand, or the waste too great for disposal by 
the organs of elimination, absorption of the 
poisons generated in fermenting food rub- 
bish retained in the intestinal tract is continu- 
ously occurring, and the subject becomes a 
victim of auto-intoxication, is drunk with the 
products of his own decomposition. This 
condition, if long continued, is no less bane- 
ful in effect than that of alcoholic saturation, 
and, in some cases, it may take the form of 

199 



MENTAL AND BODILYREACTION 

insanity, while, in all, diminished brain 
power is evident. 

The digestion of a meal, with the subse- 
quent forcing of food waste through the 
bowels, consumes brain energy in greater 
amount than does any ordinary work of 
muscle or of mind, and the result is apparent 
in weakened vitality, which overfeeding 
never fails to show. Sufficient food, per- 
fectly digested, produces a body with brain 
equal to clear thought and maximum of en- 
ergy. More than this entails excessive labor 
upon the organs of digestion and consequent 
overtax of vitality. 

The cause of mental disease is one and the 
same with that of physical disturbance. The 
physical signs precede the mental danger sig- 
nals and should be heeded and remedied when 
first displayed. 

The close connection between mental and 
physical functions is always prominently ex- 
hibited in the consequences of the fast, and 
never more so than in the treatment of those 
morbid depressions that often lead to con- 
finement in state institutions. These cases 
originate in the abuse of the digestive organs, 
which, coupled with hereditary tendencies, 
affects the nerve centers and ultimately the 

193 



FASTING 



brain. During the fast constant improve- 
ment in mental capacity is shown after 
proper preparation on restricted diet and 
omitted meals; and, as the fast progresses, 
the return to sanity proceeds at a rate com- 
mensurate with physical advance. A general 
fact observed in treating this symptom of 
disease, when functional in origin, is the pres- 
ence of quantities of dark, foul-smelling dis- 
charges from the bowels, which do not de- 
crease, either in amount or in vileness, until 
long after the period indicated in ordinary 
disease. The value of the fast as employed 
in cases of extreme nervousness and of in- 
sanity from functional causes, is almost un- 
known to alienists, but in the near future it 
is bound to receive recognition as a certain 
means of cure. 

Due to superficial observation of the delir- 
ium of auto-intoxication sometimes present 
in the early stages of the fast, the criticism 
has been advanced that prolonged abstinence 
from food not only produces weakened men- 
tality in the patient, but that it will eventu- 
ally cause insanity. Fasting never entails a 
loss of mental power, and this statement is 
based upon experience gathered from con- 
siderably over two thousand cases of fasting 

194 



MENTAL AND BODILYREACTION 

in which not one developed aught but im- 
provement in brain function. 

All functional derangements, when not 
corrected, finally lead to organic disease. 

In organic disease some portion of the 
bodily machinery is unable to perform its 
work; its structure is injured or essentially 
imperfect. 

In functional disease, the structure of the 
organ shows no defect, yet it is inefficient in 
action because of nerve force impeded. 

It is an established fact that drugs do not 
affect brain structure; and it is equally well 
known that, in most instances, insanity causes 
no deterioration in nerve tissue. In these 
facts lies strong collateral proof that the 
sources of mental disease are to be sought 
elsewhere than in the brain. Injuries and 
ailments that involve change in brain sub- 
stance will necessarily interfere with brain 
function, and, in softening of nerve tissue or 
in any inflammation, there are organic alter- 
ations'that may be seen and noted. Incident- 
ally these defects are primarily due to con- 
tinued functional disease. But in hysteria, 
epilepsy, and mania, no changes in structure 
in brain and nerve substance can be discov- 
ered, notwithstanding the presence of ex- 

195 



FASTING 



treme mental disorder. It may be deduced 
that a functionally perfect brain is the 
product of a physically perfect body. 

To illustrate the effect of abnormal phy- 
sical conditions upon mind-function, the fol- 
lowing case is cited: The patient, a man 
thirty years of age, presented himself with 
a history of continuous digestive trouble, ac- 
companied with strongly developed mental 
disturbance. Examination created the im- 
pression that the disease of the mind was the 
direct result of functional inactivity of the 
digestive tract, complicated with decided or- 
ganic symptoms. A tentative diet of fruit 
juices and vegetable broths afforded the re- 
lief usual when organic labor is progressively 
decreased. Experience is needful to dis- 
tinguish between temporary mitigation of the 
distress of disease and progress towards cure, 
and, though the symptoms were favorable to 
the extent of raising the belief in the mind of 
the patient that recovery would ensue, no 
definite hope was extended. At the end of 
four weeks of preparatory treatment, the 
patient ceased his visits, and a month later 
his body was found, dead by suicide, an act 
committed, as its condition showed, within a 
few days after discontinuing treatment. The 

196 



MENTAL AND BODILY RE ACTION 

actions of the man throughout, together with 
the contents of a letter found on his person, 
were evidence that decided lack of mental 
balance existed, and search of his effects 
brought to light numbers of long, rambling, 
scribbled comments that left no doubt con- 
cerning mental decay. The body was in 
shape such that post mortem examination was 
possible, and the autopsy revealed the follow- 
ing: The kidneys were normal. The lungs 
and the heart were congested, but function- 
ally equal to their tasks. The liver was cirr- 
hosed, and there was only a rudimentary gall 
sac, not larger than the first joint of the adult 
index finger, containing no bile and with no 
evidence that it had been functioning, since 
no stain was present, and the color of the 
sac was a perfect white. The stomach was 
enlarged to the capacity of four fluid quarts, 
and it lay in the abdominal cavity opposite 
the navel; it was filled with food, and all evi- 
dences pointed to the fact that glandular 
function had been inoperative for months. 
The small intestines were tangled and 
knotted into a mass, with bleached portions 
that had been inactive for a long time. The 
colon was excessively dilated, and its trans- 
verse section had fallen, shaping the organ 

19T 



FASTING 

into a letter "M" with the vertex of the 
dropped tube resting upon the bladder and 
the pelvic bones; the transverse, ascending, 
and descending parts adhered at their angles 
for several inches. The bladder was normal. 
The pancreas was a soft disintegrated mass. 
The spleen was extremely large and cirr- 
hosed. The mesentery exhibited old lesions, 
while no trace of the omentum remained. 
The brain was structurally perfect. 

The above instance of a body exceedingly 
deformed internally was preserved with its 
handicaps for thirty years. The cause of 
the organic defects is to be attributed to 
digestive functions paralyzed in early life by 
disease and by the administration of drugs 
as a remedy. In this case progressive in- 
ability to function brought about morbid 
mental disturbance. It may be asked why 
this effect was not produced in each of the 
instances cited under another heading, and 
reply is made that these also showed the in- 
fluences of physical condition upon mind- 
function, but in lesser degree. And the gen- 
eral conclusion is stated that all disease, func- 
tional as well as organic, acts detrimentally 
upon brain capability. 

The work that the brain can perform is 

198 



MENTAL AND BODILYREACTION 

dependent upon the physical condition of the 
body. To repeat, a functionally perfect 
brain is the product of a physically perfect 
body, but the brain is not a producer of en- 
ergy, nor of vitality, nor of mental processes. 
It acts merely as a medium of reception and 
transmission, and it no more thinks than do 
the words that express a thought. Mind, as 
received from the creative source is perfect. 
Its expression is affected by functional abil- 
ity or inability in the human instrument. 

The mysterious forces, energy and vitality, 
which are manifested as life, exist outside of 
and independent of the human body. A 
healthy organism is one that is in position to 
liberate these forces in the form of strength, 
mental and physical, as it is needed in the 
activities. When, through the fast, dead and 
noxious refuse is eliminated, the expression 
of each of these qualities is evident, and we 
learn that man does not depend upon food 
for strength, nor for the accompaniment of 
energy, body heat. Food is needed only for 
the repair of broken-down tissue, for the up- 
building and rebuilding of the framework 
that carries the human soul. The conclusion 
is not to be drawn in the absolute that 
strength will be manifest and that life may 

199 



FASTING 



be continued indefinitely in the absence of 
food, nor is it to be assumed that in the 
process of evolution man may reach an ideal 
state of foodless existence. These are but 
hypotheses of idle dreamers. The source of 
life will possibly always remain an enigma 
to finite understanding, and its manifesta- 
tions can do naught but continue to offer op- 
portunity for speculation. 

The theory that human energy and body 
heat are not derived from food ingested was 
advanced some years ago by Dr. E. H. 
Dewey, and every application of the fast for 
the cure of disease adds evidence to corrobo- 
rate its verity. In the fast, when elimination 
has progressed to the point that disease is 
eradicated, the avenues for the expression 
of energy and vitality permit of the manifes- 
tation of strength strength that was appar- 
ently lost on full daily ration when illness 
began. As previously noted, in disease the 
liberation of life force is made impossible be- 
cause of physical obstacles in the paths of 
expression. As disease vanishes, natural 
hunger and strength return. Food is not the 
source of this phenomenon, since the condi- 
tion results in its absence. The conclusion is 
forced that Energy is an entity and that the 

200 



MENTAL AND BODILYREACTION 

human body is but a vehicle for its manifes- 
tation. 

Again, in disease, body temperature and 
pulse may be above or below register. In 
the fast, when purification is complete, tem- 
perature and pulse are restored to normal. 
Food plays no more part in the accomplish- 
ment of this result than it does in the restor- 
ation of strength. Each instance of fasting 
for the cure of disease perfectly demonstrates 
the basis in fact of the theory that food serves 
the sole purpose of repair and growth of 
body tissue, and that the source of vital en- 
ergy and of body heat lies without the human 
frame. The brain is its organ of reception, 
and it is significant that this instrument of 
function recovers from fatigue through rest 
and not because of the assimilation of food. 
Nerve sustenance is obtained from its store- 
house in the body, but nerve energy is re- 
newed through the breath of lif e. 



901 



CHAPTER XIV 



CHILDREN IN THE FAST 
i 



"Keep the young generation in hail and bequeathe 
them no tumbled house." 

George Meredith. 



908 



CHAPTER XIV 

CHILDREN IN THE FAST 

WHEN the human child is born into 
the world, it is equipped with but 
three developed faculties hunger, 
thirst, and sleep. The infant, if capable of 
expressed desire, would signify its greatest 
need as sleep, but its rest is naturally punc- 
tuated with hunger periods, and at these 
times and at no others it should be fed. To 
awaken a quietly sleeping child for the pur- 
pose of administering food is most inadvis- 
able, yet nurse and mother, burdened with 
professional tradition and advice, in over- 
zealous care rarely permit a two-hour interval 
to pass without forcing food upon the atten- 
tion of the baby, asleep or awake. The child 
will, through habit, take the breast and suckle 
for longer or shorter time, but its rest has 
been disturbed, and its small digestive ap- 
paratus is never free from labor as long as 
mother or nurse can stimulate appetite. Dis- 
obedience to natural law brings its penalty, 

206 



FASTING 

and disease invariably appears to right the 
wrong. Feed the baby only at the dictate 
of the natural hunger cry, but begin the 
process at the beginning before a vicious 
habit of expectation and appetite has a 
chance to form. With the exception of in- 
herited blood taint, overfeeding the child is 
the great cause of infantile disease, and it 
could not occur if the first hunger instinct 
were permitted to guide the infant from 
birth. Actual need alone would then be sat- 
isfied, and the artificial sense of appetite that 
might develop could be curbed and directed. 
At birth the physical connection between 
the child and its mother must of necessity be 
severed. One of the mistakes in modern ob- 
stetrics is the wide-spread practice of cutting 
the umbilical cord before the cessation of its 
natural pulsations. Interchange of oxygen 
and of nutriment between mother and foetus 
has taken place through this avenue for the 
whole period of gestation, and by this means 
alone has the baby frame been built to the 
moment of birth. Its final use and its last 
pulsations insure tissue-nourishment suffi- 
cient to carry the child until food for post- 
natal growth can be furnished from the 
breast of the mother. Nature thus provides 

206 



CHILDREN IN THE FAST 

for the maintenance of the child-body until 
the maternal supply is ready to be utilized. 
Haste in cutting the cord starts the infant 
badly, and hunger is asserted much earlier 
in these circumstances. 

When departure is made from the laws of 
nature, abnormal physical conditions are pro- 
duced, and penalties are exacted. The nor- 
mal food and the only food that is designed 
for infant use is mother's milk. At birth 
delay in its appearance is often noted, and 
perhaps for two or three days its secretion 
is absent. Reference to the function per- 
formed by the umbilical cord directly after 
birth offers explanation why, in this event, 
excessive haste need not occur in attempt at 
artificial feeding. If, as unfortunately is 
too often the case in modern life, the mother 
finds herself incapable of furnishing food 
for her child, a substitute can then be ob- 
tained. The ideal method makes use of the 
wet-nurse, and, if this cannot be done, water- 
diluted top-milk from a healthy cow, with 
sugar of milk or honey added sufficient to 
supply as nearly as possible the constituents 
of mother's milk is the nearest and best alter- 
native. Prepared foods are doubtful in 
effect, and they agree with the child, or 

207 



FASTING 

rather the child agrees with any one of the 
many kinds on the market, only in excep- 
tional circumstances. 

The contention that all disease has its 
origin in impaired digestive power is more 
strongly upheld when disturbances occur in 
the young than when the adult organism is 
affected. In the child, unaccustomed to con- 
tinued abuse of the body and its functions, 
and with no harmful habits formed, the sys- 
tem resents any but natural treatment. If 
the contrary is persistently followed, disease 
develops. 

The physical condition of a nursing mother 
is invariably reflected in the body of her 
child, and mental disturbances, temporary or 
permanent have like effect. Through nerv- 
ous derangement of functional power, in- 
duced by disease or by anxiety, grief, or 
anger, such changes are occasioned in moth- 
er's milk as to cause serious illness in the 
suckling child. It is therefore incumbent 
upon the parent so to regulate her physical 
body through a dietary regime as to correct 
in herself the error in milk quality, and so 
to conserve her mental forces as to prevent 
systemic disease and nerve tension, with 

008 




B. H. One year old. Stomach and intestinal 
trouble. Fasted six days. Weight at end of fast, 
14% pounds. Eight months after fast in perfect 
health; weight, 25 pounds. 



CHILDREN IN THE FAST 

their detrimental influences upon infant di- 
gestion. 

When infantile disease is manifested, a 
medically treated child is still more hampered 
in its physical processes. Drugs are poisons, 
and their introduction into the body of an 
infant suffering from food excess or from 
the results of erroneous diet in the mother, 
works havoc with tender nerves and tissue, 
horrifying to the mind trained on lines of 
natural remedy. Drugs aim at the sup- 
pression of the symptom and not at the re- 
moval of the cause, and many an adult body 
is compelled to struggle through life handi- 
capped by undeveloped, partially paralyzed 
mechanism, as the result of dosage in in- 
faqcy. 

The disease symptoms of childhood fre- 
quently assume what is known as epidemic 
form. Contagion and infection depend ab- 
solutely upon the physical condition of the 
system and not upon the germ, always pres- 
ent or introduced from other sources. The 
care of the parent should be directed toward 
the preservation of health, with its resistive 
qualities in the body of the growing child; 
and, if through carelessness, or ignorance, or 
accident, this condition may fail of conserva- 

209 



FASTING 



tion, toward the prompt removal of the soil 
in which the germ propagates and dies. 
Germicides merely succeed in destroying the 
microbe, a process that adds decomposing 
material to an already fertile and expectant 
medium. And it is reasonable to assume that 
a poison powerful enough to kill living or- 
ganisms within the body is of strength suffi- 
cient to deal destruction to cell life itself, and 
this it also does. 

Referring to a former statement concern- 
ing the administration of food while high 
temperature prevails, the question may here 
be asked : Why put food into a feverish in- 
fant body? A roaring fire is x>t ordinarily 
subdued by adding fuel to the flame, and, 
until disease made its appearance, the patient 
was ingesting food, and, in all probability, 
was stricken with a full stomach. Fever, as 
a symptom, is caused by absorption into the 
circulation of the products of excess food 
rotting in the alimentary canal, and, when 
additional material for fermentation is 
forced into this mass, either from above or 
below, the results are a rise in temperature 
and more aggravated symptoms. The fur- 
ther question is suggested: Why administer 
drugs at this time? These are either stimu- 

210 



CHILDREN IN THE FAST 

lants or narcotics the former increase the 
action of the heart and with it the tempera- 
ture, while the latter reduce nerve transmis- 
sion. In addition medical treatment usually 
calls for nutriment at intervals of three to 
four hours, and food is administered in the 
natural manner, or, when symptoms of an 
especially acute nature are present, per rec- 
tum. In the body of the child, the effects of 
both overfeeding and of drugs are long- 
lasting, and here most emphatically the 
method to be employed should remove fer- 
menting rubbish, the cause of the condition. 
As in the adult, when disease appears, 
prompt withholding of food removes through 
active elimination the immediate cause of dis- 
turbance; an enema, or several of them, 
cleanses the bowels of toxic digestive prod- 
ucts ; fever is abated ; diarrhoea and colic dis- 
appear; and in two or three days at most the 
youngster is again whole and hearty. For 
children respond to the fasting treatment in 
marvelous manner ; their natural forces have 
not been depleted by years of excess in phy- 
sical indulgence, and are present in pristine 
vigor. No alarm need be felt, since nature 
readjusts the little system most rapidly, and 
its functions at once resume their labors re- 
si i 



FASTING 

freshed and re-invigorated. A fast until 
hunger makes its demand is mandatory in 
even the slightest digestive ailments of the 
smallest of babes; and a comparison of this 
method of treatment with that which requires 
the stomach to be dosed with drugs, and the 
very blood itself to be permeated and vitiated 
with the products of disease in lower animals 
in the forms of virus and serum needs no 
commentary. 

Similarly the enema may be given to the 
infant, using, of course, an amount of fluid 
commensurate to the size of the infant bowel, 
and, if judiciously repeated, the colon is 
flushed of its poisonous contents, fever sub- 
sides, delirium, if present, ceases, and dis- 
ease vanishes. The enema may be adminis- 
tered to even the day-old babe with beneficial 
results, for it serves to clear the colon from 
clogged and thickened secretion, and, when 
feeding has begun, especially if the milk of 
the cow or prepared foods are used, the prod- 
ucts of their imperfect digestion are at once 
removed. The ease with which the fretful, 
colicky babe may be relieved by the careful 
use of the internal bath is a matter which 
every mother should understand, and its ap- 
plication at judicious intervals during in- 




R. M. Age four years. Bronchial pneumonia. Troubled 
with throat all her life. Fasted five days. Three months 
later in perfect health. Now lives on a vegetarian diet, 
two meals daily. 



CHILDREN IN THE FAST 

fancy is of equal importance with its bi- 
weekly employment in adult life. 

Whenever in a young child the slightest 
evidence of disease makes its appearance, 
whether in the form of nasal discharge, of 
constipation, of diarrhoea, or of internal 
pain, it should be considered as ample warn- 
ing of loss of balance between nutrition and 
waste. Food should be at once omitted, the 
enema administered, and treatment continued 
until equilibrium is restored. If this method 
of handling the situation be consistently fol- 
lowed, no need will occur for later alarm lest 
acute disease symptoms or morbid organic 
structural defects, such as adenoid growths 
and enlarged tonsils, develop. Care at this 
time precludes dependence upon the knife of 
the surgeon in infancy or in adolescence. 

Repeating the caution expressed in the 
first paragraph of the present chapter, free- 
dom from disease in infancy and develop- 
ment of strong resistive qualities in adult life 
are dependent upon normal feeding in child- 
hood. No food except as hunger dictates. 
And, further, the child must be permitted, 
not only to signify its need, but also, after it 
is weaned from the milk of the mother, to 
select within reason the kind of food desired. 

913 



FASTING 



If no abnormal craving has been developed 
through forced feeding, or through food 
other than mother's milk, taste will not have 
been vitiated, and in its wants the child itself 
will pursue its natural inclination, the only 
law upon which health depends. Hands off ! 
Follow nature! Do not attempt to act as 
her guide! 

The moment that disease is recognized in 
its true character as a natural process of cure, 
the real and only specific for the child, as for 
the man, is discovered rest for the over- 
worked organs of the body, and renewal of 
those functions that need repair. 

NOTE 

DETAILS OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE 
ENEMA TO THE INFANT ! IMPLEMENTS 

The usual fountain syringe, equipped with 
convenient shut-off and with two small-sized 
rectal tips. 

A low chair, admitting of holding the re- 
cumbent child in the lap at a height slightly 
above the level of the bowl of the toilet. 

Two pieces of rubber sheeting, each one 
yard in length. Throw one piece over the 
top edge of the raised seat of the toilet, drap- 

214 



CHILDREN IN THE FAST 

ing it so as to receive spatterings or forcibly 
ejected discharges from the bowel. Place 
the other piece of sheeting half over the lap 
of the operator, permitting its free end to 
cover the front edge of the toilet bowl with 
sufficient length dropping over the edge to 
convey discharges into the receptacle. A 
folded Turkish towel should be laid over the 
end of the sheeting on the lap in such posi- 
tion as to raise the buttocks of the child 
slightly and to prevent contact with the sur- 
face of the sheeting. 

The operator should sit with her right side 
next to the bowl of the toilet with the infant 
lying upon its back across the knees. 

Care must be taken in inserting the rubber 
tip into the anus, and the right hand of the 
operator should hold it in position while the 
water is flowing through the tube. Greasing 
the tip with olive oil or with an antiseptic 
lubricant prevents undue irritation of the 
mucus membrane of the orifice. The flow 
may be regulated by the shut-off or by pinch- 
ing the soft rubber tube of the syringe with 
the thumb and forefinger of the left hand. 

In small children, during the administra- 
tion of the full contents of one bag of water, 
it is not necessary to remove the rectal tip 

215 



FASTING 



from the anus, since the liquid form of the 
discharge from the bowels permits ejection 
around the sides of the tube and avoidance is 
thus made of repeated insertion with conse- 
quent irritation. After the exhaustion of the 
water in the bag, the tip should be withdrawn, 
and the extra one mentioned in the equip- 
ment, unattached to the hose, should be in- 
troduced into the anus. Through it subse- 
quent evacuation will occur the more easily, 
since the constriction of the muscle of the 
anus is by this means overcome. Neither pipe 
should be inserted at greater depth than two 
inches. At this stage of the operation manip- 
ulation should be made of the abdomen, fol- 
lowing the ascending colon on the right side 
from the csecum to the transverse bowel, then 
across to the left side over the transverse por- 
tion to the descending colon, and down the 
latter to a position corresponding with its 
extremity and outlet. This is an essential 
that must not be neglected, since it assists 
peristaltic action and hastens evacuation. 
Never less than six or eight quarts of water 
should be used in giving this enema, and, if 
extreme discoloration in discharge still per- 
sists, even more fluid should be injected. The 
value of the internal bath depends upon the 

216 



CHILDREN IN THE FAST 

thoroughness with which easily-absorbed fer- 
menting waste is removed from the colon, 
and this condition is not satisfied until the 
discharge returns comparatively colorless. 



217 , 



CHAPTER XV 



SEXUAL DISEASE AND THE FAST 



"Seldom have you teen one continent that is not 
abstinent." 

Hals*: Golden Remains. 



219 



CHAPTER XV 

SEXUAL DISEASE AND THE FAST 

JUST what normal sex desire in both male 
and female originally signified is some- 
what difficult to define, but it is safe to 
assume that primordial sex relations were 
limited to the purposes of procreation. The 
ultimate object of the fast is discovered in 
the restoration of all physiological functions 
to a primary condition, and this is effected 
not only with respect to the processes of di- 
gestion, assimilation, and elimination, but to 
that of the sex instinct as well. While the 
fast is in progress, sexual desire, whether 
formerly active to excess or abeyant, is 
brought to normal, and attention to diet and 
to right living in the future finds passion 
controlled and desire subservient in all senses 
to the will. 

In the female during the fast the menses 
may or may not appear, but, after the fast is 
completed, the monthly discharge may miss 

221 



FASTING 



several or more periods. Its temporary ces- 
sation should occasion no anxiety, for the 
menstrual flow is at all times a waste product, 
and, in pregnancy and after the menopause, 
its disposal is accomplished through other 
channels. However, instances have been 
noted in which the menses have appeared, 
when food was omitted, at irregular intervals 
almost viscid in consistency and very offens- 
ive in odor. This may be regarded as the re- 
sult of congestion localized in ovaries and 
uterus, and as a natural cleansing of a repro- 
ductive system clogged with refuse. 

With respect to the menstrual discharge, 
the interesting facts are to be observed that 
it is of regular recurrence during the bearing 
period in the females of all mammals ; that it 
is barely perceptible in some; and that in 
none is it so profuse in quantity as in woman. 
She is the only female in the animal kingdom 
that is compelled to undergo a monthly in- 
convenience of copious flow from the uterus ; 
yet this evidence of function is as natural as 
breathing, but because of perversion in habit, 
it has become aggravated in excessive degree. 
Profuse discharge is the penalty attached by 
nature to the use of the organs of reproduc- 
tion for other than legitimate purposes, and 

222 



SEXUAL DISEASE THE FAST 

it is a perfect demonstration of the universal 
law of compensation. 

In treating disease of the reproductive sys- 
tem in the female, the fast both cleanses and 
relaxes, relieves congestion and restores tone. 
From one to three days' abstinence from food 
will correct excessive menstruation, and, 
when no mechanical defect is present, relief 
is obtained within twenty-four hours when 
the flow is accompanied with pain. In this 
connection attention is directed to the use of 
the douche, the warm bath, and the enema, 
while the discharge is present. Medical opin- 
ion to the contrary notwithstanding, all of 
these hygienic accessories are not only help- 
ful, but are absolutely essential at the time 
of the monthly period. In all cases thorough 
cleanliness is imperative if the benefits de- 
rived are to prove permanent, and right liv- 
ing in after time is a necessary condition of 
continued well-being. 

The menopause, or change of life, is a 
period dreaded by all women. There is never 
any certainty as to the time of its occurrence, 
nor any means of foretelling the character of 
its manifestations. Treatment by the fast 
demonstrates that the menses may be prop- 
erly regulated, and that assurance as to their 

223 



FASTING 



normal recurrence is possible when right liv- 
ing is adhered to. Similarly purification of 
the system at the period of the menopause or 
before, coupled with proper diet and judi- 
cious exercise, will fc permit any woman to 
pass through this experience without dis- 
tress, excessive nervousness, or other evil con- 
sequences. 

The object of the fast is achieved in cleans- 
ing functional energic avenues and in resting 
the vital organs of the body. By virtue of 
these accomplishments the high function of 
reproduction is not only benefited, but is also 
restored almost to original ease in gestation 
and accouchement. Ordinarily, congested 
healthy secretion as well as impurities de- 
posited in the organs of reproduction are 
eliminated through the circulation; but even 
the excessive and offensive discharge that 
sometimes is present during the fast may be 
regarded in the light of an eliminative prod- 
uct evacuated on the line of least resistance. 

In fact, unless organic defect exist, ever- 
present female troubles are unknown to na- 
ture when her dictates are accepted and 
obeyed. The fast and subsequent treatment 
result in a set of healthy muscles for the sup- 
port of the organs of reproduction and in 

224 



SEXUAL DISEASE THE FAST 

healthy secretions for all purposes peculiar 
to these parts. Judicious general exercise 
and normal nutrition will maintain the sus- 
taining ligaments in strength, and the gen- 
erative system cannot fail functionally or 
structurally if normally used. 

The dress of woman is responsible for 
some of her sex weaknesses, and, without en- 
tering into details, it is well to call attention 
to the garment to which is attributed so much 
of female woe. The corset has no right nor 
title in the wardrobe of a healthy, normal 
woman. Her own bones and muscles shape 
her form as intended by nature, and any 
woman, not distorted in framework, may at- 
tain perfection of figure by muscular free- 
dom and proper exercise. The restriction of 
a healthy muscle causes it partially to lose its 
functioning ability, and habitual restraint 
and unnatural pressure brought to bear upon 
the muscles of the trunk result in local con- 
gestion and in displacement of special or- 
gans. Lungs, liver, and intestines, together 
with the organs of reproduction, suffer from 
the constrictive effects of the corset, and lack 
of nourishment, due to restricted circulation 
thus produced, causes atrophy of muscular 
tissue, since the latter is not adequately re- 

225 



FASTING 

built. Energy is likewise impeded in the 
process of liberation; intestines, unable to 
function, are filled with food rubbish; and 
congestion, inflammation, auto-intoxication, 
and sexual decay ensue. The corset alone 
succeeds in producing many degenerate, 
breastless women, who eventually suffer un- 
der the surgeon's knife; who cannot fulfil 
the natural function of child-bearing; and 
who, if they by accident reproduce their 
species, are unable to furnish their young 
with natural food. 

The science of Osteopathy has not as yet 
recognized the ease and the benefit of man- 
ipulation of the uterus and its appendages,' 
and it is only now and then that an osteo- 
pathic physician is discovered who, upon his 
own initiative, has made known the good that 
accrues by transcending prescribed methods 
when occasion demands. Fasting will relieve 
congestion, while manipulation of the uterus 
and the ovaries from within and without, and 
of the region of the Fallopian tubes, assist- 
ing in this process, will also mechanically ad- 
just the uterus, and will give tone to the con- 
dition of the reproductive apparatus by stim- 
ulating circulation. 

Sexual disease other than that peculiar to 

226 



SEXUAL DISEASE THE FAST 

the female may be divided into that which is 
contracted through sexual intercourse, and 
that which results from lowered nutrition or 
is transmitted congenitally. 

The first class is represented by the local 
symptoms of gonorrhoea in both sexes, of 
gleet, stricture, and urethritis in the male, 
of leucorrhoea and displacement of the womb 
in the female, etc. 

The second class is represented by impo- 
tence in the male, barrenness in the female, 
and the various degrees of the blood taint, 
syphilis, in both sexes. 

In discussing the problem of sexual dis- 
order of any kind and its cure, it is necessary 
to revert to the primary cause of disease, low- 
ered nutrition resulting from impairment of 
the digestive process. While cleanliness in 
the female will, in those symptoms that are 
merely local in character, undoubtedly min- 
imize the chances of infection by contact, the 
soil in which the germs of venereal disease 
flourish is distinctly an eliminative product 
embodied in the fluids of the reproductive 
tract. The bacillus of gonorrhoea, for in- 
stance, transferred to either sex, cannot long 
exist if the products of elimination are nor- 

227 



mal in quality, and if cleanliness, especially 
in the female, is properly observed. The 
former condition is promptly effected by the 
fast, and the latter is a matter of ordinary 
personal care. The irritating symptoms of 
local venereal infection yield to the treatment 
in few days, and convalescence brings no su- 
pervening annoyance, as expressed in ure- 
thral stricture, prostatic congestion, etc. 

The taint of syphilis, congenital or ac- 
quired, if treated before its characteristic or- 
ganic lesions have developed, is eradicated 
with equal success, but with somewhat more 
difficulty, since this disorder is deeply seated, 
and, affecting the composition of the blood, 
partakes of the nature of structural defect 
in vital organs. 

Masturbation, a habit of more widely com- 
mon practice in both sexes than is generally 
believed, may have its origin in the curiosity 
of pubescence stimulated by vicious influ- 
ences. But its development into habitual 
form requires a constitutional derangement 
of the functions of nutrition, and the vice of 
self -abuse is purely a symptom, not a cause 
of disease. Digestive ferment, occasioning 
excitement of the nerve centers controlling 



298 



SEXUAL DISEASE THE FAST 

the genital organs, or local congestion caused 
by constriction of the waist, by constipation, 
or by like means, are the active stimulating 
agents responsible for lascivious dreams and 
perverted forms of sex satisfaction. 

Disease is a unity. The solitary vice is but 
a symptom, and the fast, applied for the re- 
moval of the cause, restores morbidity to 
health. 

In connection with the effects of the fast 
and of diet upon sexual development and 
desire, observation establishes the fact that 
children fed upon a non-flesh regimen pro- 
gress sexually in gradual, normal manner 
to puberty, and exhibit fewer tendencies 
towards sexual abuse or perversion than do 
those whose diet includes the various flesh 
foods. A dietary embodying meat is far more 
stimulating than one purely vegetable in 
character, for the reasons adduced in pre- 
vious discussion. 

The ideal to be desired in all life is that of 
equilibrium. Physical existence without nor- 
mal sex relation is an unbalanced state, nor 
can it be implied that this natural function, 
when not exercised, is changed in purpose 
and acts as an increment to intellect, as moral 
reformers would have us believe. Far from, 

229 



FASTING 



it, since, in the male, the propagating secre- 
tion is produced only as it is discharged. 
And, in the female, monthly production and 
removal of the ovum indicates renewal of fer- 
tile cells. In both sexes constant exhaustion 
of sex secretion undoubtedly draws upon 
nervous energy and in this manner affects 
brain power, but the reverse cannot be true. 
If so, the bulk of the brains of the world 
would be in possession of continent celibates. 
Sex and intellect demand impartial exercise, 
the former for procreation only, the latter 
for physical control and spiritual advance. 



180 



CHAPTER XVI 



DIFFICULTIES IN CONDUCTING THE FAiT 



"Tatks in hours of insight milled 

May be, through hours of gloom, fulfilled." 



Edwin Arnold. 



CHAPTER XVI 

DIFFICULTIES IN CONDUCTING THE FAST 

THE very simplicity of the fast in its 
application has proved the most serious 
obstacle to its general acceptance by 
both the public and the medical profession. 
Popular writers have lauded its claims in 
newspaper and in magazine. Books have 
been written upon it in the enthusiasm pro- 
duced by the beneficial effects of personal 
trial, and cures by fasting have been heralded 
the world over. The consequences are what 
might have been foreseen. Regardless of the 
physiology of the human body and the ra- 
tionale of the method, and ignorant of the 
physiological changes that the administration 
of the fast must involve both in function and 
in tissue structure, inexperienced hands have 
undertaken the treatment without guidance 
or the necessary knowledge of the conditions 
that may develop, and, in many instances, 
harm with unmerited adverse criticism of the 
method has resulted. 

238 



FASTING 

If human bodies continued to exist 
throughout life in the normal state they 
should possess at birth, when functional dis- 
ease appeared the application of the fast 
would prove perfectly easy in all cases. But, 
through constant wrong living, through 
chronic abuse of the vital processes, and, 
more than all else, through the paralyzing 
effects of drug dosage, the average man has 
acquired defects in organic structure. 

In infancy, when disease develops, a drug 
is given for the suppression of the symptom. 
In some cases the children die ; in others, the 
paralysis, the functional ruin, of some por- 
tion of the intestinal tract or other organ is 
caused; in still others, the resistive powers 
of the infant are such as to permit it to sur- 
vive despite the dose. In any event no true 
benefit has been derived, and, since the harm 
was done during the growing state, retarda- 
tion of development occurs, and, in future 
years, disease symptoms may be traced di- 
rectly to the points affected in infancy. 
With functional troubles continually recur- 
ring, these deficiencies in organism finally 
cause almost absolute cessation of the proc- 
esses of elimination. 

Careful observation of several thonsands 

334 



DIFFICULTIES MET IN FASTING 

of fasting cases makes plain the fact that the 
fast will perfectly relieve all ailments of a 
functional character, but that it can never 
wholly overcome mechanical defects in body 
organism. However, the fast will uncover 
the organic condition of the system, and will 
cause the nature of its deficiencies to be 
clearly displayed. One whose organs are 
functionally equal to the requirements of 
elimination undergoes the treatment with no 
unusual symptoms. But, when severe and 
distressing manifestations arise during the 
period of abstinence from food, it is virtu- 
ally certain that defects in organism lie 
within. Post mortem examination of the 
bodies of patients who have died while the 
fast was in progress gives proof to this all- 
important point, and, in these cases, it was 
further demonstrated that death would have 
occurred, fasting or feeding. 

A drug, with regard to its effects upon the 
human body, may be said to be any substance 
which will influence metabolism and the func- 
tioning of the organs. According to this 
definition, foods, especially when of unwhole- 
some quality, even though the quantity be 
reasonable, may react as a drug upon the 
system. Food itself, like substances regarded 

235 



FASTING 



as drugs in the ordinary sense, may then act 
as a poison to the tissue. In like manner the 
substances formed in the body from the proc- 
esses of tissue waste may themselves act as 
drugs in their effect upon living tissue. This 
occurs when elimination is inadequate. 
Hence the auto-toxins, through which tissue 
resistance, i. e., immunity from disease, is re- 
duced, and the way opened for the large 
group of so-called infectious maladies. 

It cannot fairly be assumed that, upon 
viewing a body after death in the fast, the 
lesions that may be present in any organ are 
due solely to previous drugging. Where two 
such agencies as disease and drugs have been 
simultaneously acting upon a patient, it is 
difficult, in the absence of criteria, to decide 
whether a specific result is due to one or to 
the other, or to both. But it is a significant 
fact that, in every instance of death that has 
occurred in the fast, as covered by the writer's 
experience, each of the subjects with but a 
single exception, had been drugged in early 
life, and that the effects upon organs, as 
shown in lack of development, were such as 
would have resulted from impeded nerve ac- 
tion caused by an active poison ; and the pre- 
ponderance of evidence gathered in these 
m 



DIFFICULTIES MET IN FASTING 

post mortem findings lies on the side of drug 
paralysis. 

The constant use of drugs to suppress dis- 
ease symptoms in the growing child, not only 
lowers physical resistance, but also retards 
the development of its organs, in whole or in 
part, while bony framework and tissue-struc- 
ture continue to advance to normal adult di- 
mension. The disparity presented by organs 
of infantile size enclosed in a body fully ma- 
tured is bound to cause severe forms of func- 
tional trouble that will end in chronic dis- 
ease, since the undersized organs are not 
equal to the demands made upon them. The 
function that is predominant while the fast 
is hi progress is that of elimination, and it is 
easy to understand that, in a body in which 
portions of the intestinal tract are under di- 
mension, or in which one or other of the vital 
organs is mechanically imperfect, the work 
of ridding the system of accumulated poison 
is beyond the power of the organism to ac- 
complish. As a consequence, to the degree 
in which organic defects exist, is determined 
the severity of the struggle with disease, to 
use orthodox phraseology. In natural terms, 
the effort which is being made to cast out 
gathered impurity is made proportionately 



FASTING 



more difficult when organic imperfections ex- 
ist. In the adult body, chronic functional 
disease or drugs may produce like effects, 
but here the organs concerned are fully de- 
veloped, and the results are shown, not in 
arrested development, but in lesions, or in 
growths. 

Whenever, in the fast or otherwise, because 
of organs undeveloped or functionally par- 
alyzed, the products of elimination cannot be 
evacuated through natural channels, reab- 
sorption of waste occurs, and the result is 
displayed in a general poisoning of the blood 
supply. This condition is known as auto- in- 
toxication, or, as expressed before, the body 
is poisoned by its own decomposition. This 
state gives rise in the subject to manifesta- 
tions that may become alarming. The brain 
is affected to the extent of mild delirium, 
hiccoughs appear, or the patient may sink 
into stupor. Mechanical means of relief in 
the forms of the enema and of general mas- 
sage of the body must be resorted to and 
plied to the utmost in connection with hot 
applications to the spine and abdomen. In 
cases not under careful and experienced 
guidance the situation related will assuredly 
prove disastrous, and herein lies one of the 

238 



dangers of inadvised and promiscuous fast- 
ing at unintelligent hands. 

The fast cannot cure disease in a body or- 
ganically imperfect, but the natural phy- 
sician may direct its use for short periods in 
such manner as to ameloriate existing condi- 
tions and to restore the patient to compara- 
tive health. The real state of the body or- 
ganism is so perfectly uncovered by abstain- 
ing from food that the individual thereafter 
is enabled to live within the limitations of his 
organs. When the presence of organic de- 
fects of more than ordinary seriousness has 
been determined, the protracted fast is most 
inadvisable, for, in this event, it is certain 
that the avenues of elimination will prove in- 
adequate to exacted demands. 

The intoxication that results from absorp- 
tion of eliminative products has been said 
to cause delirium sometimes. This condition, 
present in the fast at times, gives rise to the 
contention that protracted abstinence from 
food occasions insanity in the patient. Noth- 
ing can be further from the truth, for, when 
elimination is successfully accomplished, 
mentality is at its highest; and, on the other 
hand, cases of mental aberration due to auto- 

939 



FASTING 

intoxication from overfeeding are speedily 
restored when food is denied. In fact, auto- 
intoxication takes place more often when 
feeding than when fasting, and the overfed 
body produces poisons the effects of which 
upon mentality are more dread and more 
lasting than those of alcohol itself. 

The sole explanation of the presence of 
toxins in the human body lies in the inability 
of the eliminative organs to function. They 
cannot dispose of the refuse in quantity to 
balance intake. In the fast, when difficulty 
is encountered in this respect, lack of func- 
tional power is indicated, and this is due in 
most instances to congenital organic defect 
or to early drug paralysis. 

The physician who has had long experi- 
ence in handling disease as a unity is not con- 
cerned in any sense with the presence or ab- 
sence of the various toxins, nor by the symp- 
toms in evidence, except as indices of the 
state of functioning of the internal organs. 
If these organs are in normal condition, 
excess food may interfere with function 
through congestion. But the vital parts of 
the human body are in many instances drug- 
paralyzed or food-stimulated, and, medically 
speaking, they are brought into action by the 

940 



DIFFICULTIES MET IN FASTING 

administration of additional drugs or by fur- 
ther food-stimulus. Elimination can then 
take place only abnormally, with, in all cases, 
but partial evacuation of body waste. In 
the natural treatment of disease, the char- 
acter of the toxin need not be considered, save 
in so far as it is an indication of the severity 
of disease, while the thought paramount deals 
with the condition of the organs rather than 
with the nature of the circulating poison. 

The statement is often made that the fast- 
ing patient subsists upon his own body while 
food is denied. This is absurd, for the domi- 
nant process in action at this time is that of 
elimination of waste, which at no point was 
available for repair of tissue, and which, 
stored throughout the system, acted only as 
an obstacle in the avenues of vitality. This 
is so even of that part of the refuse that had 
entered into cell composition, since the pres- 
ence of disease has made apparent the fact 
that this matter has been rendered harmful 
by decomposition through delay or arrest of 
elimination. The diminution in weight of 
the body during a fast is due to the removal 
of waste, and the change in cell life that is 
taking place must be continued until naught 
but healthy tissue and tissue nourishment re- 

241 



FASTING 



main. The new body thus created is then 
ready for the process of rebuilding upon nor- 
mal lines. 

The differentiation between starvation 
and fasting is made upon the basis that starv- 
ation is the consequence of food denied, either 
by accident or design, to a system clamoring 
for sustenance, and that fasting consists in 
intentional abstinence from food by a system 
diseased and, as a result, non-desirous of 
sustenance until rested, cleansed, and again 
ready for the labor of digestion. This might 
be admitted and yet not alter the fact that 
the processes in operation are largely ident- 
ical. But it has been observed that the hu- 
man body carries a reserve store of nerve sus- 
tenance, both in health and in disease ; hence, 
the process of fasting, undertaken only when 
disease is in evidence, is not at all analogous 
to that of starvation, which can occur only 
when the supply of nerve sustenance is ex- 
hausted, or, when, as is the case in instances 
of overfeeding and mal-assimilation, the 
brain is prevented from utilizing its stored 
nourishment through obstructed channels of 
supply. The patient may starve, though 
well-fed; and in applying the fast, keeping 
the distinction as stated in mind, starvation 

242 



begins when the fast ends, or at the return of 
hunger. 

The points of difficulty related heretofore 
are in a sense technical in character, but 
there are objections, that at times develop 
into obstacles, that embody personal opinion 
and prejudice. In bygone days, when medi- 
cine failed to relieve, the sufferer was left 
without hope, and friends and family pre- 
pared for the inevitable. Thoughtful minds, 
still in the minority, unbiased by tradition, 
have to-day reverted to nature for help in 
physical distress, and the natural school of 
treatment has at last secured itself upon 
firm foundations. In applying the fast and 
other natural means of cure, the tendency 
of tradition-bound intellect is at first to re- 
gard these methods as inefficacious because 
of the absence of nostrum, pill, and plaster. 
Nothing seems in process of action. The 
silent and hidden ways of nature, needing no 
bolus, cannot yet efface impressions trans- 
mitted through centuries of inherited belief 
in remedies for the suppression of symptoms. 
Complete revolution of this idea cannot be 
hoped for until education on broader lines 
gives universal independence of thought. 

While fasting has been known for ages 

243 



FASTING 



past as a preventive and a cure for disease, 
its therapeutic possibilities have never hereto- 
fore been scientifically applied. Hence it 
results that modern employment of the 
method places the practitioner in such posi- 
tion that no authorities can be consulted, and 
no personal guidance or advice can be turned 
to for aid in times of stress. Early years of 
practice in these circumstances often de- 
veloped cases in which the patient seemingly 
declined to the point of death. Family and 
friends at once condemned the physician and 
the treatment, and a howling public stood 
waiting to cry, "starvation," It mattered 
not that the patient had been given up to die 
by orthodoxy, nor that the fast had been 
sought as a last resort. Oftentimes only the 
sufferer himself was in sympathy with the 
method, and his condition was aggravated to 
the last degree by opposition. 

A state of affairs such as described in- 
duces in a conscientious mind intense concen- 
tration on the work in progress. No point 
that may conduce to favorable issue is over- 
looked; no natural law or accessory is per- 
mitted to remain without investigation. 
Merely selfish considerations might here 
prove motives sufficient for earnest en- 



DIFFICULTIES MET IN FASTING 

deavor the desire for success, the hope of 
triumphing over other schools. But a 
broader, deeper feeling will actuate the true 
student of nature. In him a perfect under- 
standing of the law of cause and effect the 
giving of a truth to the world, the relief of 
physical suffering are the stimuli that 
bring success to his work and cause him to 
surmount the obstacles in his way. 

The first discovery of the efficacy of the fast 
in functional disease was rapidly followed 
by a knowledge of its value as a diagnostic 
agent. The method never fails to uncover 
every weak point in a diseased body, to re- 
veal the exact location of organic distress or 
defect. Then came the value of proper ap- 
proach to abstinence through gradual dimin- 
ution of intake, thus insuring systemic ac- 
comodation to the physiological change in- 
volved, and permitting elimination naturally 
to dominate the functions. Here, too, the 
enema and the bath proved of greatest as- 
sistance in disposing of eliminative products. 

As elimination proceeds, the observer is 
permitted to greater or less extent to deter- 
mine the condition of function of the various 
organs, and, if mechanical or structural de- 
fect is present, it is certain to be detected. 
MS 



FASTING 



The process of gradual lessening of food 
supply, in all save acute disease, is the normal 
rational method to follow first, for the 
physical reasons given, and second, because 
of ignorant opposition on the part of the 
public and the medical profession. Ample 
time is thus given to discover what is pos- 
sible under a diet, and the necessity of con- 
tinuing the treatment by a fast is fortified 
by the knowledge thus obtained. 

When merely functional disease is in ques- 
tion, the case in treatment is simplicity itself, 
unless dissipation, excessive nervous expendi- 
ture, or serious blood taint, has largely pro- 
hibited vital expression. Patients of this 
class are ordinarily able to care for them- 
selves throughout a fast of average length. 

Whenever organic disease exists, whether 
in the form given in Class 2, or that in Class 
3 in previous discussion (page 87), unpleas- 
ant symptoms are bound to arise. And at 
times all the courage and the wisdom of long 
experience in handling disease by the method 
of nature are needed to meet the conditions. 
Knowledge of the causes of delirium, of 
stupor, of any and all of the symptoms of 
toxic poisoning, none of which can be wholly 
overcome in extreme organic disease, makes 

246 



DIFFICULTIES MET IN FASTING 

faith in the method unshakable. When 
death occurs, it is inevitable; it cannot come 
except when it is not possible for the vital 
organs to function longer. The life of the 
patient is extended through abstinence from 
food, since organic effort is thereby greatly 
reduced. 

In the event that grave organic defects 
exist in a patient, signs, more or less determi- 
nant, are expressed in both the time of prep- 
aration and in the early days of the fast. 
Serious symptoms do not usually appear be- 
fore the third week of abstinence. And then 
these demonstrations may assume any of the 
forms of .weakness, even to loss of mental 
control. In the writer's own experience, 
four cases are noted in which at this 
period violent delirium, several days in dura- 
tion, occurred. Two other patients were for 
longer time mildly delirious. But all, even 
those in whom death intervened, emergecj 
from the mental cloud and continued to dis- 
solution or to recovery with perfectly clear 
mentality. It is in cases such as these that 
human helplessness is most apparent, and 
here the lesson is learned that man must co- 
operate with nature and follow her laws. 

In examining a body diseased it is possi- 

247 



FASTING 



ble to locate by palpation, or feeling with the 
hand, the lower bowel throughout its extent, 
by using a copious enema after the intestine 
has been flushed of its contents. Filling the 
colon with water rounds it out, and its form 
and position can then readily be discovered 
through the walls of the abdomen. In all 
cases where extreme mental disturbance was 
noted, the transverse portion of the lower 
bowel had failed from its normal position to 
the region of the bladder. In this situation 
the contents of the small intestine, when dis- 
charged into the caecum, were incapable of 
rapid evacuation, even with the assistance of 
the enema, and brain congestion followed the 
extreme condition of auto-intoxication pro- 
duced by the absorption of the ferment thus 
created. It has been dwelt upon in the chap- 
ter on mental and bodily reaction that 
physical disease induces mental disturbance. 
There can be no doubt that many inmates of 
asylums are curable through the relief of 
conditions identical with those here described. 
A regular physician, prominent as an expert 
on insanity, recently made the following pub- 
lished statement: "For the checking of in- 
sanity, the crying need is a study of the 
causes of the malady with a view to its pre- 
348 



DIFFICULTIES MET IN FASTING 

vention. Nine-tenths of the inmates of our 
insane asylums are incurable, according to 
our present knowledge. What an argument 
for the prevention of the disease!" 

Other instances where organic develop- 
ment of the small intestines has been arrested 
in early life through disease and drugs, give 
rise to unpleasant symptoms and require 
most careful attention, not only in the fast, 
but in the after period of dieting. These 
cases never occasion mental crises, however. 
The latter are uniformly confined to in- 
stances such as cited above. 

As has been said, fear, the dread of death 
by starvation, calls down upon the fasting 
patient, despite the courage of his convic- 
tions, the torture that follows acts in oppo- 
sition to the wishes of affection. And, often, 
in sheer hopelessness of family cooperation, 
and in spite of personal faith and benefit, 
the fast is abandoned and drugs are again 
resumed. 

In the fast there can be no danger of 
starvation. The great safeguard of all life 
is hunger true hunger not appetite. And, 
when the process of purification is complete, 
hunger returns and food must be supplied. 

Skill in the treatment of disease by natural 

249 



FASTING 

methods cannot be acquired from books, for 
there are none in print as yet with detail 
sufficient to cover all points. Years of ex- 
perience in applying the method to ailing 
bodies alone can give the knowledge neces- 
sary for overcoming the difficulties that may 
and do arise. And constant practice and ob- 
servation of the phenomena of the fast con- 
vincingly establish that the beginnings of 
disease lie at the threshold of digestion. Its 
seeds are sown in the mouth, while stomach 
and intestines, injured by food improperly 
masticated, and worked beyond limit by over- 
supply, continue and conserve their propaga- 
tion. Impaired digestion and impure blood 
are cause and effect. 

It cannot be too strongly borne in mind 
that fasting in itself is but a means to an 
end, a cleansing and resting process that pre- 
pares the human body for right living in 
future time. A cure cannot be accomplished 
until the individual, cooperating with na- 
ture, completes what the fast began. 



CHAPTER XVII 
CURES BY FASTING 

"There is no chance in results." 

Ralph Waldo Emerson. 



351 



CHAPTER XVII 

CURES BY FASTING 

THE cases dealt with in the following 
chapter are typical but not exhaustive. 
They are selected from a large num- 
ber solely because of their representative 
character, and as evidence that the fast 
reaches indiscriminately but in like manner 
all phases of the functional bodily ills, and 
all organic disease that is not beyond repair. 
In the first instance the patient was afflict- 
ed with the disease symptom known as in- 
flammatory rheumatism. When first seen, 
the boy, for he was but seventeen years of 
age, was in a precarious condition. The case 
had been given up by the medical adviser as 
hopeless, and a limit of twenty-four hours 
had been set within which death must occur. 
In the opinion of the physician the only thing 
that could be done was to alleviate the ex- 
cruciating pain with opiates, thus permitting 
dissolution to take place while the youth was 
unconscious from their influence. The dis- 

253 



FASTING 

tracted family, as a last resort, turned to the 
fasting method of treatment, and a descrip- 
tion of the condition of the young man will 
perhaps throw stronger light upon the con- 
trast that is drawn between the methods of 
nature and those of man. 

The boy had been in bed for five weeks ; his 
body displayed all of the evidences of disease 
and of the remedies that had been applied. 
His left arm, wrist, and hand were greatly 
swollen and painful, as were also both knees 
and ankles. The face was flushed, the breath- 
ing stertorous, the pulse fluttering and irre- 
gular, while the body temperature was 105 
degrees. In all respects the working foun- 
dation was insecure, and the preceding weeks 
of medical treatment had been worse than 
wasted from the standpoint of the natural. 
For two of these weeks the heart action had 
been stimulated with digitalis and strych- 
nine; food had been forced upon an unwill- 
ing stomach as many times daily as the pa- 
tient could be induced to swallow; and, when 
pain had become too great to be borne, or, 
when delirium intervened, codein and other 
opiates had been used unsparingly. In addi- 
tion, within seven days before change of 
treatment occurred, two quarts of brandy 

254, 



CURES BY FASTING 

had been poured into this copiously drugged 
interior. As a result of drugs and of dis- 
ease, the boy could neither lie down nor sit 
up, and his position was a painful compro- 
mise. 

Death seemed imminent, but food was at 
once withheld, every trace of drugs was re- 
moved, and a slight massage treatment was 
administered in order to equalize the circula- 
tion as much as was possible in the circum- 
stances. At the end of a half hour a warm 
water enema brought away a large quantity 
of fecal matter from the colon, and, after 
this local treatment pulse and temperature 
showed decided downward tendencies, while 
the patient was resting more quietly and 
easily than he had in a week. 

In acute cases, such as this, drastic meas- 
ures are imperative, and on the second day 
vigorous application of massage and enema 
once more brought temperature and pulse to 
lower register; consciousness returned; the 
swelling in the arm was reduced; and the 
pain had abated. In one week's time the 
young man was able to lie at full length in 
bed, and the swelling, except in the ankles, 
was scarcely perceptible. Natural sleep had 
returned ere this, and temperature and pulse 

255 



FASTING 



were but slightly above normal. During this 
interval two enemas daily had been administ- 
ered and masses of impacted f eces had been 
removed on each occasion. Bathing of the 
body twice each day had relieved discomfort, 
and at the end of the first week tub-baths 
were begun and proved of great assistance in 
the final reduction of filthy internal condi- 
tion by aiding and increasing elimination. 

The fast was broken on the eleventh day 
with a small quantity of tomato broth fed 
morning and night, and the amount of food 
was increased as the patient became able to 
take care of additional supply. Five weeks 
from the day of the beginning of treatment, 
the youth was enjoying a walk of several 
miles daily, and, after its discontinuance, he 
adhered strictly to the diet and exercise pre- 
scribed and rapidly developed a healthy and 
robust physique. 

The second case, a man 61 years of age, 
was stricken with paralysis of the entire right 
side, and, after vain search within the domain 
of medicine, began preparation for a com- 
plete fast. The preparatory period covered 
but ten days, a time too short to accomplish 
wholly satisfactory results, but at its com- 
pletion a fast of forty days, which proved 

256 



CURES BY FASTING 

eminently successful in its final outcome, was 
undertaken. Paralysis, as is well understood, 
is caused directly by blood coagulation in spe- 
cific localities of the brain tissue. But one 
course can be recommended to rely upon 
natural processes to absorb the clot, thus re- 
moving pressure and releasing nerve force. 
Constant accumulation of food material in 
such circumstances simply prolongs condi- 
tions that encourage excessive density of the 
blood, but the fast, without argument, 
through rest and elimination, causes natural 
assistance to be utilized in removing obstruc- 
tion to the passage of nerve force through 
nerve channels. 

The history of the case was such as will be 
found in every instance when apoplectic con- 
ditions are present in any individual. The 
patient referred to weighed at the time of 
seizure 214 pounds. Each day of abstinence 
testified to a loss in avoirdupois, and, at the 
end of the fast, the latter had been reduced 
to 174 pounds. Bile in abundance was dis- 
charged with the enemas, and at intervals 
vomiting of the same fluid occurred. The 
fast was broken by the administration of 
grape- juice and that of oranges. Within a 
few days food more solid was ingested. It 

257 



FASTING 



is as well to quote from a personal letter 
dated after recovery for the subsequent his- 
tory of the case. 

The letter reads: "I was totally incapa- 
citated from actual manual labor of any kind 
before my fast, and I lived in dread of a 
second stroke, with a strange, unnatural de- 
pression evident upon slight over-exertion. 
Great drowsiness affected me, and on occa- 
sions I would sleep thirty to thirty -six hours, 
almost without intermission. My mentality 
was impaired, my eyesight defective, and my 
speech impeded. My right hand and arm 
were clumsy and weak, and at this stage all 
ordinary human aid seemed powerless. 

"I began the fast, and, contrary to my ex- 
pectations, I had no hunger from the third 
day to the fortieth. To affirm that there was 
no inconvenience, however, would be untrue, 
for by every avenue of elimination most of- 
fensive impurities were thrown off, and at 
times these could not have been borne had 
the object been lost sight of. My weight, 
before I undertook the fast was 228 pounds, 
and the girth of my abdomen, 45 inches. 
After I had completed the total abstinence 
period, I weighed 174 pounds, and measured 
in girth 38^ inches. I am cured of my 



CURES BY FASTING 

paralysis ; my mentality is clear and normal ; 
my entire digestive system is apparently per- 
fect; my vision is better than for years; my 
hand and arm are strong; I have no dread 
of a second stroke; I have no sleepy spells; 
I feel lighter all over; and, when weary, I 
am quite refreshed and ready for further 
exertion after a short rest." 

A case of the disease symptom known as 
locomotor-ataxia, complicated with general 
derangement of the nervous system, occur- 
ring in a female of 28 years of age, also of- 
fers itself for description. Preparation was 
undergone for several weeks and a fast of 
22 days resulted in the return of hunger and 
complete restoration to health. The medical 
history of this case showed obstinate consti- 
pation for twenty years, and there were ner- 
vous tendencies that had been persistently 
aggravated. Medical advice had been fol- 
lowed constantly since birth, yet, when first 
seen, the muscles controlling legs, hands, 
arms, and face were in constant motion, and 
no effort of the will could command their 
action. During the first week of the fast, 
rapid improvement appeared, so much so that 
the young woman was able to walk about 
without any evidence of extraordinary lack 

259 



FASTING 

of coordination in movement, and by the 
fourteenth day all muscular signs of nervous- 
ness had completely disappeared. 

No unusual symptoms developed in this 
case. The enemas brought away solid mat- 
ter until the seventeenth day, and thereafter 
but a small quantity of bilious fluid. Osteo- 
pathic manipulation was daily resorted to, 
and the loss in weight was not remarkable. 
There were almost no unpleasant symptoms, 
and for this an outdoor life and an equable 
disposition and temperament were largely re- 
sponsible. After a time devoted to judicious 
exercises, the patient was discharged com- 
pletely restored to health and with no remain- 
ing traces of the nervous disorder of former 
days. An added benefit was displayed in 
the fact that, although there had been decided 
impairment of sight, myopic in character, the 
patient was able to dispense with lenses six 
weeks after the beginning of the fast. 

The distressing affliction, epilepsy, is a dis- 
ease symptom that may be traced to the 
source of all functional disorder, the diges- 
tive machinery, and the case of a young 
woman, 29 years of age, will demonstrate the 
effect of the fast and its adjuncts upon this 
disease characteristic. Before entering upon 

260 



CURES BY FASTING 

the fast, the patient had tentatively followed 
a diet, and had noted decided improvement in 
general health, but no cessation of the attacks 
peculiar to the disease named. Medical at- 
tendance had been continuous for years, 
and no improvement had resulted ; rather the 
reverse, for the epileptic seizures had in- 
creased in number and in severity as time 
elapsed. At the beginning of the fast the 
attacks were recurring at intervals of two 
weeks, and the latest seizure had happened 
but three days before. For fifty-six days 
food was denied, and, from the moment of 
the inception of the fast to this present writ- 
ing not a single convulsion has occurred, nor 
any semblance of an attack, while the gen- 
eral health of the patient has been better than 
at any time of her life. 

The fast in this instance is to be noted in 
several minor ways, one of which is the fact 
that on each of the fifty-six days the patient 
walked a distance of at least two miles; an- 
other, that on the fortieth day of abstinence 
a large mass of dead intestinal worms passed 
from the bowels in the enema. Improvement 
was constant from the first, but, after the 
evacuation of these parasites, it was increased 
most rapidly, and natural hunger asserted it- 

261 



FASTING 

self on the fifty-fifth day. The loss in weight 
was normal, averaging about three-quarters 
of a pound a day. 

The medical history of the next instance 
tells of constant treatment for thirty years 
for the disease symptom known as diffuse 
psoriasis. At the time that the patient turned 
to natural methods, the inflamed, bleeding 
surfaces characteristic of the symptom cov- 
ered at least one-third of the skin of the body, 
and were not confined to any particular local- 
ity, but appeared indiscriminately on trunk, 
arms, and legs; while hands, face, and feet 
were not affected. The sores were exuding 
blood and serum and were itching intolerably, 
so much so that in order to exist in anything 
approaching comfort, local application of 
mercurial preparations had long been resort- 
ed to to relieve the pain and inconvenience. 
But these proved only temporary in effect 
and the symptom returned in a short time 
more angry and more obstinate. 

The general health of the patient was ex- 
cellent, and to this a strong constitution and 
a robust physique contributed. Perhaps, as 
is often the case, the outlet that nature had 
established in this instance was most salutary 
in so far as the appearance of other disease 

262 



CURES BY FASTING 

symptoms was concerned. This fact is held 
to be proved in instances of syphilitic infec- 
tion, for here all outward evidences of disease 
are invariably subordinated to the direct 
blood taint. 

When first under observation the patient 
weighed 172 pounds, and her habits were 
those of a woman in comfortable circum- 
stances with the idea ingrained that three 
and even four generous meals daily were nec- 
essary for the preservation of health and 
strength. She was, however, discouraged 
and disheartened because of the intolerable 
distress occasioned by the state of her body, 
and, as a last resort, considered what, to her, 
meant living death, the fast. 

After three weeks of preparation, the 
period of abstinence began, and continued 
without interruption for 75 days. At no 
time during this interval was any food in- 
gested and at no time was the patient unable 
daily to cover on foot the distance from her 
home to the place of osteopathic manipula- 
tion. Undoubtedly this was partly due to 
her magnificent physical organization, as well 
as to a will power equal to the attainment 
of the object in view. As a consequence the 
case was easy to treat and, with the gradual 

263 



FASTING 

subsidence of disease, early opposition was 
conquered by faith in the outcome. 

The fast was typical, and was remarkable 
in nothing save its length. The loss in weight 
was not unusual, and at the end of the fast 
but thirty-two pounds had been eliminated, 
and the patient weighed on this date 140 
pounds. Until the twentieth day chilliness 
and temperature below normal were noted, 
and, while pulse and temperature remained 
below register in the early stages, by the sixth 
week normal register had been reached. The 
enemas contained solid feces until one-third 
of the fast had been finished, and thereafter, 
until the last week of abstinence, large quan- 
tities of yellowish-white mucus were dis- 
charged. This catarrhal refuse indicated 
that elimination had been re-established 
through normal avenues. Up to this point 
the greater part of internal filth had been 
cast off through the pores of the skin, an ab- 
normal condition that had directly caused the 
suppurating areas on the surface of the body. 

It was not until the fourth week that vis- 
ible improvement in the exuding sores be- 
came noticeable in any degree. The itching 
subsided with the cessation of exudation, and 
the latter began to diminish to an appreciable 

294 



CURES BY FASTING 

extent about the end of the third week. From 
the time mentioned until hunger returned, 
the inflamed areas rapidly healed, and healthy 
skin formed in patches that increased and 
gradually covered the denuded spots. 

After breaking the fast, the general health 
of the patient continued excellent, and the 
sole remaining signs of former disease were 
the scarred edges surrounding the areas that 
were last healed. Even these in time disap- 
peared, and no trace, excepting slight dis- 
coloration, which was the result of the pre- 
vious medical treatment that the case had re- 
ceived, was left as a reminder of the hideous 
disfigurement of earlier years. 

At no time during the long interval with- 
out food was any alarm felt concerning the 
ultimate outcome either by the patient or by 
her physician. Fear enters and disaster re- 
sults in cases not properly conducted solely 
because of ignorance of the physiology and 
of the philosophy of the fasting method of 
cure, and the case is but another instance de- 
monstrating the fact that, in the absence of 
organic imperfection, there is positively no 
danger in abstaining from food until nature 
asserts that the elimination of disease is com- 
plete. 

285 



FASTING 

Another case presents itself that of a 
woman 34 years old, in which the fast was 
undertaken for the relief of general disease 
resulting from years of wrong living and of 
erroneous treatment. Organically speaking, 
there was a mechanical defect in the dorsal 
vertebrae, two of which had been displaced 
in such manner as to compress the spinal cord 
thus causing complete paralysis of the lower 
trunk and legs. The slipping of these ver- 
tebrae was directly due to mal-nutrition of 
the dorsal muscles, and in all her life the 
patient had never known a moment of health, 
while intermittently in earlier days severe 
fevers had occurred, which finally created 
contractions in the descending colon, a con- 
dition that caused constipation and subse- 
quent septicemia. When first examined, the 
case had been bedridden for one year, and a 
congestive chill was the immediate severe 
symptom that indicated the employment of 
other means than medicine for cure. The 
fast was entered without preparation, and 
was carried to a successful end after 58 days. 

The medical history of this case showed 
an inherited tendency towards scrofula, and 
there had been manifest at intervals offensive 
running sores, while the thumb and the in- 

266 



CURES BY FASTING 

dex finger of the left hand had been ampu- 
tated because of a non-healing abscess. 
These ulcers had been, without exception, 
diagnosed as tubercular in character by pre- 
vious attending physicians and had been 
treated from the medical standpoint accord- 
ingly. 

Two days after the fast began, an abscess, 
similar in nature to those from which the 
patient suffered, broke through the surface 
of the skin at the base of the spine imme- 
diately over the sacrum. The discharge from 
this sore was most profuse and offensive, and 
the affected area spread until it was at least 
three inches in diameter, while its depth be- 
came such that the periosteum of the sacrum 
was exposed within ten days after the break- 
ing of the skin. For a week hot fomenta- 
tions were continuously applied, and the 
gangrenous tissue was carefully cauterized 
by focusing the rays of the sun upon the ulcer 
with an ordinary reading glass. By the 
tenth day the discharge had ceased to be 
offensive, and a few days later healthy gran- 
ulation began. When the fast was complete, 
at the end of 58 days, the sole evidence of the 
sore that remained was a circular spot of 
slightly reddish normal skin of which the 

267 



FASTING 



subjacent cushion of healthy flesh proclaimed 
that natural work of repair had progressed 
despite the absence of food. This is the 
point of greatest interest and import to be 
observed in the treatment of this case, when 
it is remembered that the blood of this woman 
had possibly been tainted at birth, and had 
been poisoned and repoisoned for years by 
constant additions to accumulated food rub- 
bish. Elimination had never been succesfully 
accomplished in this body, but, once it could 
proceed undisturbed, nature was able, not 
only to cast out existing impurity, but also 
to repair diseased tissue from the store of 
healthy pabulum husbanded within. 

The results of the copious daily enemas 
were noticeable for their exceeding foulness, 
and for the large quantity of dark bilious 
fluid that was evacuated until the thirtieth 
day of the fast. The loss in weight was not 
remarkable and amounted to but twenty 
pounds, and, when it is considered that the 
patient weighed only 85 pounds at the be- 
ginning of the fast, the proportion of loss as 
given in a later table was well carried out. 
While the mechanical difficulty referred to 
was not wholly relieved at the completion of 
treatment, the general health of the patient 

268 



CURES BY FASTING 

was such at this time as to place her well for- 
ward on the road to perfect recovery. 

In concluding the history of this case, at- 
tention is again called to the healing of a 
scrof ular abscess to the point of complete and 
healthy closure while the fast was in prog- 
ress. 

Another instance is that of a woman of 28 
in whom poor nutrition and what is called a 
bilious temperament had brought about a 
condition that manifested itself in periodical 
headaches and in melancholia with a tendency 
toward mania. But for the care and devotion 
of an older sister, the patient would have 
been placed in an asylum long before coming 
under observation. In fact, it was because 
the physician last consulted had recom- 
mended that she be restrained that her rela- 
tives, in despair, resorted to the fast. 

Examination showed a pulse continually 
at 128 and a temperature that varied from 
above to below normal with no apparent rea- 
son. The diet of the patient had consisted 
largely of meat and its extracts, and this was 
at once changed to vegetable broths, while 
the daily enemas were vigorously applied. 
At first hot towel packs were used upon the 
spine in order to control the circulation and 

369 



FASTING 

to steady the fluctuating pulse, but after a 
short time these were discontinued since 
heart beat and temperature made constant 
improvement from the beginning. Dark, 
foul-smelling discharges that did not cease 
until the latter part of the fast formed the 
bulk of the liquid in the returned enemas. 

The patient showed extraordinary vitality 
throughout the entire period of 42 days of 
abstinence from food, and she daily walked a 
distance of two miles, underwent osteopathic 
manipulation, and returned to her home 
without undue fatigue. Towards the end of 
treatment she was able and desirous to in- 
crease the amount of her exercise, while her 
mental condition improved from the very 
beginning of the dieting period. On the 
thirtieth day of fasting and thereafter the 
young woman performed her portion of the 
housework well and cheerfully. Hunger re- 
turned on the forty-first day, and the fast 
was broken on the morning of the forty- 
third. Two weeks later the sisters sailed for 
their home abroad, and a letter written by the 
patient since their arrival shows a mind in 
every way rational. 

The case of a man 47 years old who had 

270 



CURES BY FASTING 

been paralyzed on the right side and who had 
shown signs of insanity is next noted. The 
medical history exhibited habitual constipa- 
tion, periodical headaches, and prolonged 
bilious attacks. A fast without preparation 
was begun and continued for twenty days 
with results that showed the paralysis much 
improved, bowels regular in action, no head- 
aches, and a steady gain in flesh and strength 
on diet after the fast. Three months later a 
second fast was begun and continued to suc- 
cessful completion for full forty-one days. 
The patient daily visited the office for osteo- 
pathic manipulation, and constant improve- 
ment was apparent from the first. In neither 
of the two periods of abstinence from food 
were there any special symptoms to be noted, 
and the final result embodied complete eradi- 
cation of .paralysis and of its symptoms, and 
great improvement in general health. At 
the beginning of the second period of fast- 
ing the patient weighed 105 pounds; two 
months after its completion he had regained 
his normal weight of 145 pounds. 

Tuberculosis of the lungs is a disease 
symptom that needs to be uncovered and at- 
tacked in its early stages, and the case of a 
woman of 82 is given to illustrate its prog- 

971 



FASTING 



ress under the fast. This patient abstained 
from food for twenty-four days, but prep- 
aration, the fast, and the period of diet after 
the latter was concluded, covered a time of 
full six months. When first under observa- 
tion, examination of the sputum showed 
numbers of bacilli typical of the symptom; 
both lungs were affected; chills with fever 
occurred daily in the afternoon; in fact, the 
case displayed all the signs characteristic of 
the symptom named. After a liquid diet for 
several weeks, the fast was undertaken, was 
continued for twenty-four days, and no un- 
favorable conditions of any kind developed. 
From the beginning an excessive discharge 
of sputum occurred, but this gradually di- 
minished until evidences of the return of 
hunger appeared, and, at the several period- 
ical examinations made during the time of 
fasting, general decrease in the number of 
bacilli was observed. The enemas were con- 
stantly charged with bile and with old feces, 
and these products disappeared only during 
the last week of the fast. The chills and the 
fever vanished by the fourteenth day, and, 
when the sputum was examined on the 
twenty-second day of abstinence, there was 
no trace of micro-organisms. General health 

979 



CURES BY FASTING 

was marked by constant improvement after 
the fast was broken. 

The treatment of tuberculosis of the lungs 
by means of the fast, to insure successful 
issue, must be undertaken before the stage 
when excessive structural break-down of 
lung tissue has occurred. If attacked at this 
time, a cure is assured. Otherwise, the case 
classes itself with that of advanced organic 
disease, which, in the light of previous dis- 
cussion, bars all remedy. 

The symptom named in the medical diag- 
nosis of the next case was valvular heart dis- 
ease, and prognosis assumed that the patient 
had no hope of recovery. There was great 
pain in the regions of the heart, stomach, and 
liver, and at times in the abdomen. The heart 
missed one beat in every three; and, in view 
of the seriousness of the condition, the fast 
was begun without preparation immediately 
upon coming under observation. Enormous 
amounts of dark bilious fluid came away with 
every enema, of which four were adminis- 
tered daily throughout the fast. Excruciat- 
ing pain and nervous excitement were ex- 
perienced until the twentieth day, when at 
least a cupful of gallstones was evacuated. 
These continued to be passed until the thir- 

273 



FASTING 



tieth day of the fast, which was broken on 
the thirty-fifth. The weight o:' the patient 
at completion was 174 pounds, a 'eduction of 
twenty pounds in thirty -five di /s. In the 
early part of this fast there was great chilli- 
ness, but temperature and pulse reached 
normal by the twentieth day, the latter miss- 
ing no beats. Before this the pulse had been 
at times above, at times below register ac- 
cording to the degree of activity of the circu- 
lating poison. From the breaking of the 
fast all functions became an 1 continued nor- 
mal; weight was gained gradually, and soon 
reached 185 pounds; and from the com- 
pletion of treatment the general health was 
perfect. 

An interesting addendum to this case is 
the fact that the patient, after strictly fol- 
lowing the rules prescribed as to diet, habits, 
and exercise for at least a year and a half 
after restoration to health, lapsed and fell 
into laxness both in eating and in drinking, 
with the result that, two years subsequent 
to the first attack, an abscess formed upon 
the floor of the stomach, and the patient 
again came under observation and treatment, 
and underwent a second fast of forty-five 
days. The condition at this time gave great 

274 



CURES BY FASTING 

pain until the ulcer discharged, which was 
evidenced by the passage of large quantities 
of clotted blood and pus from the bowels. 
The patient hovered between life and death 
for several weeks, but the absence of food 
prevented irritation, the ulcer healed, and 
health returned. The application of the fast- 
ing method of cure to a condition such as was 
exhibited in this patient's second siege with 
disease is so essentially reasonable and so 
plain in argument that this description of 
the treatment of an internal ulcer should con- 
vince any unbiased mind. 

A short description of a fast for chronic 
digestive disturbance or dyspepsia is pre- 
sented in the following case, that of a man 
45 years of age. The fast itself covered a 
period of forty-nine days, and from its be- 
ginning until t% forty-fifth day the patient 
was unable to rise from bed. At this date 
the tongue cleared as if by magic; hunger 
returned and with it strength; and on the 
forty-ninth day, when the fast was broken, 
the patient walked a distance of seventeen 
city blocks with but little fatigue. No un- 
usual symptoms, excepting the excessive 
weakness mentioned, developed during ab- 
stinence ; and, from the breaking of the fast, 

275 



FASTING 

improvement was constant and permanent. 

In another instance the fast was under- 
taken for the purpose of correcting func- 
tional heart disease, coupled with extreme 
obesity, by a woman 41 years of age, whose 
weight was 200 pounds. The patient showed 
no medical history, excepting that she had 
submitted to an operation some years pre- 
vious for the disease symptom known as sal- 
pingitis. Throughout the fast the patient 
was able to attend to her home duties and 
to take a daily walk to and from the office 
of an osteopathic practitioner, and these acts 
were easily accomplished during the long 
fast of sixty-three days. There was but little 
faster's chilliness, and there were no un- 
usual symptoms, excepting that, at about 
the period included between the thirtieth and 
fortieth days, a gain in weight of from two 
to three pounds daily occurred, after which 
a gradual decrease continued, as before, until 
the end of the fast, when weight was reduced 
to 140 pounds, and heart disturbance had en- 
tirely disappeared. 

Medical diagnosis of the next case was 
based upon dark, ill-smelling fecal discharge, 
and the symptom was deemed an indication 
of the existence of cancer of the stomach. 

276 




A. H. Age, thirty-seven years. Case diag- 
nosed as cancer of the stomach by physician. 
Photograph taken on fiftieth day of fast just 
before breaking it. Weight at beginning of 
fast, 135 pounds. Weight at end of fast, 105 
pounds. Weight two months later, 175 pounds. 



CURES BY FASTING 

The patient, a man 40 years old, was really 
suffering from a badly congested condition 
of stomach and upper intestines, and under- 
went a fast of fifty days with no marked 
disturbances. His weight was reduced from 
145 pounds to 105 pounds, and the subse- 
quent gain in avoirdupois and in strength 
was normal, with the result that in two 
months from breaking the fast, he had re- 
gained the former to the point of balancing 
the scales at 170. 

Without citing individual instances, at- 
tention is directed to the ease with which 
the disease symptom known as appendicitis 
yields to the fast. The vermiform appendix 
in the human body is a slender blind sac open- 
ing from the caecal portion of the large in- 
testines. It is on an aA^erage from three to 
six inches in length, and of a calibre of that 
of a lead-pencil. It is found in man and in 
some of the lower animals, and in a few of 
the latter it is large and performs a digestive 
function. In the human body its use is prob- 
lematical, but it is more than probable that its 
function is that of stimulating peristalsis, 
either through the secretion of a lubricant 
or by mechanical contractions. 

In the medical world, radical treatment 

277 



FASTING 



of this symptom demands immediate oper- 
ation and removal of the appendix. Ob- 
servation of numbers of cases leads to the 
belief that an inflamed appendix is a symp- 
tom most rare in occurrence. The modern 
craze for cutting living flesh is responsible 
for snap judgment in diagnosis, and gas in 
the caecum, gall stones, inflammation of 
the ovary or of the bowel in the ileo-caecal 
region, all have been mistaken for an in- 
flamed appendix and have occasioned unnec- 
essary operations with serious and perhaps 
fatal shock. 

In the treatment of any intestinal inflam- 
mation, appendicitis included, no assistance 
is needed other than that which complete rest 
of the digestive tract and constant applica- 
tion of the enema afford. Pain ceases and 
fever is reduced in every uncomplicated in- 
stance by the end of the third day, and the 
sole necessity for the continuance of the fast 
is found in seeking perfect results and the 
general welfare of the patient. 

A young man, 23 years of age, offers a 
case of the insanity of syphilis. The blood 
taint was acquired by contact, and, when ob- 
served and first under treatment, presented 
what is known as the secondary stage of the 

978 



CURES BY FASTING 

disease symptom named. The mental con- 
dition of the patient was such that no phy- 
sical act was under control, and all abnormal 
tendencies pursued erotic channels. His 
weight when treatment began was 150 
pounds. After low diet and an absolute fast 
of twenty-eight days, the time of dieting and 
of the fast having occupied three months, 
weight was reduced to 67 pounds. There 
were no unusual symptoms during the period 
of fasting, but progress toward sanity was 
daily noticeable, and, at the end of the time 
mentioned, mental balance was entirely re- 
stored, while the blood taint has never since 
given any evidence that it ever existed. 

A young man, 19 years old, who had been 
led into habits, mental and physical, detri- 
mental to normal development, became, as a 
result, a victim of the disease symptom, 
epilepsy. For five years he suffered from 
the fits characteristic of the malady, recur- 
rent at intervals of from one to two weeks. 
Medicine had been appealed to in vain, and 
when the fast was proposed, it was dis- 
covered, after careful examination, that the 
youth was addicted to masturbation, which, 
in instances of this nature, is more of a symp- 
tom than a cause. A condition of low phy- 

279 



FASTING 



sical tone seems rather to induce a habit of 
this kind, and the young man was no excep- 
tion to the rule. For five months a regime 
of restricted diet and of fasting was pur- 
sued. The absolute fast intermittently in- 
cluded in this time occupied a total of sixty 
days. Symptoms gradually subsided, and 
the recurrence of the epileptic seizures be- 
came reduced to such an extent that, at the 
end of the second short fast, four weeks in- 
tervened between attacks ; and, when feeding 
was permanently resumed, no further seiz- 
ures were apprehended. The weight of the 
patient was reduced before disease was elimi- 
nated to fifty-eight pounds, but, from the 
breaking of the fast, a gradual increase took 
place, and, at the end of dieting, he had re- 
gained his normal of 148 pounds. 

A woman, 36 years of age, at the end of 
the third month of pregnancy developed 
severe bilious symptoms. Vomiting of dark 
green bile, and a condition verging upon 
coma demanded immediate action, so the fast 
was begun and copious enemas were adminis- 
tered twice daily. The latter brought from 
the bowels dark discharges, which continued 
with no apparent improvement until the sev- 
enteenth day of abstinence. On the fifteenth, 

C33 




Mrs. E. S. Extreme bilious symptoms with stupor and 
nausea. Fast of twenty-two days while pregnant with child 
whose picture is also shown. Photograph taken six months 
after birth of child. 



CURES BY FASTING 

sixteenth, and seventeenth days the patient 
lay in a semi-conscious state, but revived on 
the morning of the eighteenth, when the 
bowel passages were almost normal in color. 
Rapid return to consciousness occurred, and 
increased strength marked all succeeding 
days until the twenty-second, when the fast 
was broken upon fruit juices, and convales- 
cence thereafter proceeded without interrup- 
tion. 

The loss in weight in this case was 22 
pounds. Temperature and pulse were con- 
tinually above individual normal until the 
latter part of the fast, the former ranging 
between 95 and 99, and the latter from 80 
to 110, although a decided drop in each was 
observed after the administration of an 
enema. No return of the nausea of preg- 
nancy occurred after breaking the fast, and 
thereafter the general health of the patient 
was excellent. At term an eight-pound child 
was delivered, perfectly developed and vig- 
orously healthy. 

On the fifteenth day of this fast, in view 
of the gravity of the situation, a consultation 
was held with a former medical adviser. The 
latter advocated, as the only means of saving 
the life of the mother, the immediate removal 



FASTING 



of the fetus, and the abandonment of the 
fast. His opinion was overruled, however, 
and the result of the case fully justified the 
stand taken. As the officiating physician at 
the confinement, five months later, he ex- 
pressed himself concerning the ease of de- 
livery and the remarkable vitality of the in- 
fant, and acknowledged his error in judg- 
ment by a complete reversal of his condem- 
nation of the fast. 

An analogous case is that of a woman of 
27, wife of a practicing physician. She was 
between three and four months pregnant, 
and was suffering severe pain in the region 
of the uterus and in that of the stomach. 
The former organ was found to be displaced. 
Nausea and vomiting were constantly dis- 
tressing the patient when the case was pre- 
sented and the fast decided upon. A pre- 
paratory period of twelve days on liquid diet 
preceded the latter, which continued for 
thirty days. No unusual symptoms arose 
during this time, and constant improvement 
was noted from the beginning, the sensation 
of nausea decreasing successively and disap- 
pearing about the twentieth day with no 
return thereafter. Pulse and temperature 
remained slightly below normal until eating 

282 



CURES BY FASTING 

was resumed. The fast was introduced and 
broken upon strained vegetable broths, and 
solid food was eaten twelve days from the 
date of its completion. At term the patient 
was delivered of a babe weighing seven 
pounds, as physically perfect and as healthy 
as that described in the previous case. The 
loss of weight in this fast was an even thirty 
pounds. 

It is to be remarked that the children of 
these two mothers are not only physically 
excellent examples, but are also mentally 
intelligent to a marked degree. These grati- 
fying characteristics are to be attributed to 
the purification in body undergone by the 
pregnant women at a stage early enough to 
provide for cell structure in the forming 
child unvitiated by disease in the system of 
the mother. 

The statement of the following case is in 
the language of the father of the patient : 

"During several weeks prior to his sixth 
birthday, our oldest boy had complained of 
sore throat and general lassitude. This final- 
ly developed into an acute tonsilitis. On the 
third or fourth day he complained of pain 
in both knees, and by evening these joints 
were swollen and red, and the pain had be- 

383 



FASTING 



come so intense that the weight of the bed- 
clothes was unbearable. The physician 
whom we called one of the regular school 
promptly diagnosed the case as one of in- 
flammatory rheumatism. He advised the 
use of hot applications to subdue the pain, 
and insisted on putting the left knee, which 
was the worse, in a splint so that it could 
not be moved. On his second or third visit 
he discovered mitral regurgitation, that com- 
mon and ominous symptom, showing that 
the systemic poisoning had affected the 
valves of the heart. His prognosis was most 
unfavorable. He said that the acute stage 
would last probably six weeks, and that it 
would leave the patient with organic heart 
trouble. 

"At this point we decided to resort to a 
method in which we had long believed, but 
which we had failed to try at the outset of 
this sickness because we had not realized the 
seriousness of the case. We discharged the 
physician and began the treatment described 
herein under the direction of a competent 
natural practitioner. She took off the splint 
and gave both knees a careful but thorough 
rubbing. They had been apparently too 
sensitive to touch before this, but by the 




Two Fasting Subjects F. T. on the right, J. T. on left. 

F. T., the larger boy, fasted twelve days and was 
on a limited diet six weeks, then took a second fast of 
twenty-two days. The child was totally blind in con- 
nection with severe inflammatory rheumatism. A com- 
plete cure effected with sight completely restored. 

J. T., the smaller boy, fasted seven days for stomach 
and bowel trouble. Photograph taken one year after 
the fast of the smaller child, and one and one-half years 
after the long fast of the larger boy. 



CUKES BY FASTING 

time she had finished the massage, the child 
said that they felt better. She told us not to 
bother about his heart or anything else in 
the line of symptoms, but to stop feeding 
him, to give him daily baths and manipula- 
tion and to watch nature do the rest. 

"The pain kept up at intervals, intervals 
which grew steadily longer, however, for two 
days, then ceased entirely. Before the end 
of the week, the patient was able to be taken 
down town on the street car for his osteo- 
pathic treatment. His fast lasted twelve 
days. 

"Later in the summer he had a recurrence 
of an old eye trouble, one resulting from an 
impure condition of the blood. He had been 
treated the summer before for this trouble, 
which had lasted several months. This time 
we began another fast, which continued for 
twenty-two days. At its end he stripped the 
bandage off his eyes one evening and looked 
at us and we knew that the thing was con- 
quered. During a few of the twenty-two 
days he had a little orange juice, and at all 
times he had all the water that he desired. A 
daily bath and rub were given, and a copious 
enema each morning and evening. 

285 



FASTING 



"At the time of writing, two years from 
the date of the last fast, there has been no 
recurrence of either the throat trouble, rheu- 
matism, or eye trouble, and a regular physi- 
cian, a friend of the family, who examined 
the boy a few months ago, pronounced his 
heart perfect." 

The next and last case is that of a cancer 
of the right eyelid of twelve years standing 
in a man 62 years old. The patient had been 
twice operated upon without success, and the 
cancer made its third appearance in most 
virulent form. A consultation with a medi- 
cal specialist resulted in renewed recom- 
mendation of the knife to which the patient 
refused to submit. He began preparation 
for a fast which lasted forty-five days, and 
at the expiration of this period all that re- 
mained of the suppurating sore was a red- 
dish scar of its former seat. Four years later 
his personal report of the case shows no 
symptom of recurrence upon the eyelid or 
elsewhere, and general health superb. The 
eradication of this symptom of extreme 
blood impurity by means of the fast fixes 
the value of the treatment in supposedly in- 
curable forms of disease. It bears out com- 
pletely the contention that disease is a unity, 



CURES BY FASTING 

and that its cure lies in the application of 
the single method of nature, elimination. 
Cancer is merely a symptom of general dis- 
ease, and it may be eradicated when its 
ravages have not involved an organ to the 
extent of rendering it incapable of function. 

A cancer, a tumor, are evidences of 
nature's economy in gathering her forces of 
cure at a single point. Medicine seeks to 
"drive it in;" surgery to "cut it out;" neither 
succeeds in removing its cause. Even though 
the actual growth and its nearby ramifica- 
tions are extirpated by the knife, nature is 
still impelled to rid the body of its circulat- 
ing impurity by constructing destructive 
cells, and only blood purification can ac- 
complish a cure. 

The cases cited in this chapter are des- 
cribed with as little technical language as 
possible, and are submitted in order to show 
the variety of symptoms treated, all of which 
revert to the fundamental principle dwelt 
upon and emphasized in the text that there 
is but one symptom of disease, impure blood ; 
and that it has but one cause, impaired di- 
gestion; and, further, that any and all of its 
medically-termed manifestations, because 
they are results from the same origin, will 

287 



FASTING 

yield to the remedy indicated and prescribed 
by nature. 

Faster's chilliness, referred to in a number 
of instances in the text, should not neces- 
sarily convey the idea that body temperature 
in these cases was below normal. At any 
time chilliness is simply a condition of sen- 
sation, and in the fast it is due to the absence 
of food stimulation, as previously described. 
Then, too, it is to be recalled that normal 
pulse and normal temperature are relative 
terms, and that their limits vary with the 
individual. In many of the cases quoted and 
in others not mentioned, temperature was 
below register during part of the fast, but 
the application of the treatment and its ac- 
cessories invariably restored these conditions 
to normal for the particular patient. 

Attention has been drawn to the fact that 
when death has occurred during the fast, the 
organic trouble revealed showed in each in- 
stance that some paralyzing influence had 
interfered in early life with the functions 
and had retarded the development or struc- 
turally affected the organs. Original defects 
thus caused have always been located in the 
organs of digestion, which displayed con- 
tractions, accumulations of morbid or of 

288 



CURES BY FASTING 

healthy tissue, and lesions that lead to bu' 
one conclusion, viz. Barring congenital 
deficiency, these deformities, without shad- 
ow of doubt, are caused by powerful drugs 
with which the science of medicine formerly 
saturated the system. 

The following table is arranged to show 
the diminution in weight in fasts of varying 
lengths. The average loss, it will be seen, is 
one pound daily. 



No. Weight at 
of Days Beginning 


Weight at 
End of 


Loss in 


Names Fasted of Fast 


Fast 


Weight 


1. 


G.E.D. 


50 


228 


Ibs. 


174 


Ibs. 


54 


Ibs. 


2. 


I.N.M. 


22 


150 


Ibs. 


123 


Ibs. 


27 


Ibs. 


3. 


N.H.L. 


10 


178 


Ibs. 


165 


Ibs. 


13 


Ibs. 


4. 


F.H.W. 


20 


182 


Ibs. 


158 


Ibs. 


24 


Ibs. 


5. 


J.B. 


23 


165 


Ibs. 


154 


Ibs. 


11 


Ibs. 


6. 


A.B. 


8 


135 


Ibs. 


127 


Ibs. 


8 


Ibs. 


7. 


G.W.T. 


41 


109 


Ibs. 


73 


Ibs. 


36 Ibs. 


8. 


F.J.C. 


28 


136 


Ibs. 


103 


Ibs. 


33 


Ibs. 


9. 


T.R.A. 


34 


117 


Ibs. 


92 


Ibs. 


25 


Ibs. 


10. 


R.B. 


17 


135 


Ibs. 


118 


Ibs. 


17 


Ibs. 




Totals 


253 


1535 


Ibs. 


1287 


Ibs. 


248 


Ibs. 



A reference to the chapter, "Death in the 
Fast," will illustrate the lack of development 
in bodily organs. In several of these cases, 



FASTING 



degeneration of one or other of the large 
digestive glands the liver, the spleen, and 
the pancreas is also revealed. In one par- 
ticular subject the pancreas had become a 
mere cartilaginous replica of the original 
organ, a petrified reminder of its former self. 
In another case, a hardened ring of mus- 
cular material had brought the walls of the 
stomach to such a state of contraction that 
distinct and separate pouches were formed, 
and the floor of the organ at the contraction 
lay within a half -inch of its upper wall. 
Contractions existed also throughout the 
length of the small intestines, but those por- 
tions, which were in functional state between, 
showed conclusively that the organ had 
fully developed, and had been originally of 
normal size and function, but had been acted 
upon by some corrosive agent that had 
caused the deformation. In other autopsies 
intestines were of infantile size, and exhibit- 
ed a condition that made known the fact 
that at no time after the third or fourth 
year of infancy had they ever added to their 
structure or to their capability of function. 
The cause of this result must also be ascribed 
directly to the same malignant influence 
the administration of poisons, of paralyzing 



CURES BY FASTING 

extracts, that destroy nerve transmission and 
occasion paralysis of function and of organ. 

It is evident that the word, "science," de- 
fined as "to know," cannot be applied to 
medicine as a curative system for disease. 
No practitioner is able to foretell the effect 
of a drug upon successive patients. One 
may be stimulated, another stupefied, and 
these results may be reversed when condi- 
tions are changed. The physician of the 
future will forsake symptoms except as in- 
dications for local relief, and will devote 
himself to the prevention of disease, to the 
Science embodied in the unchanging laws of 
nature. 

While the rest and the purification that 
result from a completed fast are the basis 
of the method of treatment, additional 
means that can in any way assist in attaining 
results are never neglected, and these ma- 
terial aids need not ever enter the domain of 
medicine. Osteopathic manipulation, intelli- 
gently applied, proves of great value at all 
times during the fast and thereafter. Chiro- 
practic adjustment of spinal column brings 
relief and comfort. And each of these 
schools, with their limitations recognized, 
are yet to be reckoned as important adjuncts 

291 



FASTING 



on curative lines. The differences that arise 
among members of the medical profession 
are such as cannot occur among those who 
reason with nature from cause to effect, nor 
is it necessary for the natural practitioner to 
wait until disease has reached an acute stage 
before making diagnosis. 



292 



CHAPTER XVIII 



DEATH IN THE FAST 



"It is hard to take 

The lesson that such deaths mill teach, 

But let no man reject it, 

For it is one that all must learn, 

And is a mighty universal Truth." 

Charles Dickens. 



CHAPTER XVIII 

DEATH IN THE FAST 

DEATH under medical treatment, in 
the majority of instances, results 
from disease that is functional, not 
organic. In the experience of the writer, 
death in the fast never has occurred when 
merely FUNCTIONAL disease was pres- 
ent, and never has resulted from abstinence 
from food, but was the inevitable conse- 
quence of obstruction by ORGANIC im- 
perfection of the avenues through which the 
energy of the body is expressed. In this 
chapter medical evidence in cases of death 
from alleged starvation is compared with 
first-hand knowledge obtained in applying 
the fast for the cure of disease, and from 
post mortem examination of the bodies of 
patients who died while under treatment. 

The immediate cause of the cessation of 
life is discovered in the fact that the brain 
becomes unable, through disease or shock, 
to draw upon its reserve store of sustenance 

295 



FASTING 



for structural maintenance. Some paralyz- 
ing influence prevents nourishment of nerve 
centers and shuts off the life current. No 
agent more destructive of both physical and 
mental functions exists than unreasoning 
fear, and it plays its part in accidental sit- 
uations where food is denied, such as mine 
disasters, shipwrecks, and the like, since here 
mental suffering affects the physical bal- 
ance, and the cause of death lies in the con- 
ditions of the circumstances, and not in the 
fact that the body is deprived of food, for, 
in favorable surroundings, weeks and even 
months may pass ere death occur from lack 
of sustenance. 

It is questionable whether, in a conscious 
being not afflicted with organic defect, or not 
situated so that food cannot be supplied 
when hunger calls, death has ever resulted 
from starvation, or, in other words, from 
the exhaustion of brain food stored in body 
tissue. No conclusive evidence shows that 
this has ever happened. 

The autopsies that were held upon the 
bodies of the patients, of whom the causes 
of death are here described, disclosed in 
every instance organic disease, the origin 
of which lay in the earlier years of life. In 

996 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

most of these bodies, arrested development 
of one or more of the vital organs was 
found, and in all of them defective intestines 
displayed cartilaginous structure and mal- 
formation that must have required either 
acute inflammation or continued functional 
disturbance to produce. These cases cover 
subjects who had followed orthodox methods 
until orthodoxy proved of no avail, and who 
then turned to the fast and its accompani- 
ments. Hence it is certain that erroneous 
diet, with subsequent lowered nutrition, oc- 
curring in the developing period of life and 
later, together with the baneful effects of 
drugs administered in the attempt to remedy 
disease, were responsible for the fatal issue. 
Nature had endowed each of these patients 
at birth with normal vitality; each of them 
had suffered in early life from severe func- 
tional disorder; and each, with one exception, 
had been drug-drenched. 

Broadly speaking, there is no drug that is 
not a poison, stimulating or paralyzing in 
its effect; and, while harm ensues when 
drugs are employed for the treatment of 
disease in mature years, the consequences of 
applying ordinary medical remedies in in- 
fancy and in youth are doubly apparent and 

997 



FASTING 



appalling. It is only necessary to draw the 
parallel between the results of administering 
brandy to a child and to an adult to em- 
phasize this statement. What, then, must 
follow in the event of repeated dosage for 
fever, colic, colds, and the varied category 
of infantile disease? And what are the ef- 
fects of this treatment upon growing human 
bodies? Not one of us but has the sacred 
relics of the day of powdered dried toads to 
blame for organs functionally disordered, 
arrested in development, or wholly ruined. 

Repeating the distinction: 

Starvation is the consequence of food de- 
nied, either by accident or design, to a 
system clamoring for sustenance. 

Fasting consists in intentional abstinence 
from food by a system diseased, and, as a 
result, non-desirous of sustenance until 
rested, cleansed, and again ready for the 
labor of digestion. Then, and not till then, 
is food supplied. Then, and not till then, 
does starvation begin. The law of hunger 
draws the line of demarcation. 

It may be repeated that, in functional 
disease, the fast can be carried to its logical 
end without a, particle of anxiety, because 
the law of hunger marks the limit beyond 

298 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

which abstinence cannot continue lest the 
body die. Hence, death from starvation is 
impossible in a fast properly applied, when 
it is conducted for the cure of disease not 
organic. Hunger must return, and food 
must be supplied. The result in the presence 
of structural defect is not assured. When 
the latter is of slight degree, repair is pos- 
sible and recovery will follow; but, when the 
faults are such that functioning of one or 
more organs is prevented, no hope of cure 
exists, although, by lessening the strain upon 
other vital parts, life may be prolonged and 
distress relieved. 

Eleven instances of death occurring while 
the fast or a course of diet was in progress 
are quoted because of the light they cast 
upon the diagnosis of disease when natural 
methods are applied, and because of the 
exposition made by the autopsies of the 
effects of erroneous diet and of drug treat- 
ment upon the human body. In each case 
it is shown conclusively that the cause of 
death was organic disease beyond repair, 
and that, at the stage reached when the fast 
was undertaken, no means of cure could have 
brought about recovery. Two of the deaths 
described occurred while the patients were 



FASTING 

dieting, not fasting, but the conditions in 
these show no contrast, excepting in respect 
to food or its omission. Death was certain, 
fasting or feeding. This list of eleven deaths 
is selected from a total of eighteen, the latter 
figure comprising all the fatalities of sixteen 
years of the practice of fasting for the cure 
of disease. The number of cases treated 
during this time reaches nearly two thousand, 
five hundred, each of whom fasted continu- 
ously for periods varying in duration from 
eight to seventy-five days. The death rate 
is thus seen to be about seven-tenths of one 
per cent. 

CASE 1. A married woman, 38 years 
of age, who had devoted twenty years of her 
life in vain attempt to enjoy normal exist- 
ence under medical treatment, finally ascer- 
tained that periods of dieting and of 
abstinence from food were the only means 
whereby she could obtain relief. At con- 
sultation a perilous condition indicating the 
presence of organic disease was evident, and 
careful dieting and the employment of the 
hygienic accompaniments of the treatment 
were prescribed and continued until six 
months later. At this time the patient, with 

300 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

full realization of the gratifying relief that 
invariably appears in disease when organic 
labor is lessened by judiciously lowered diet 
or by abstinence from food, and, although 
advised of doubtful issue, insisted upon 
entering a complete fast. 

After three weeks of gradual reduction in 
food quantity, the total abstinence stage was 
reached, and greater relief was at once 
experienced. On the twentieth day of the 
fast the patient decided for herself that the 
stomach could once more tolerate food. 
Observation demonstrates that patients who 
have suffered for many years from chronic 
functional troubles or from organic disease, 
and who are constantly hoping for cure, have 
developed, as a consequence of repeated dis- 
appointment, a disposition stubborn and 
willful. They instinctively distrust the hand 
that may prove the means of recovery, and 
it is a question whether the better policy lies 
in acquiescence or in resistance to their 
expressed desires. In this instance no oppo- 
sition was offered to the demand for food, 
and vegetable broths were given. The 
organs of digestion, as was plainly evident 
to the trained mind, could not have reached 
the cleansed and rested state that would 

301 



FASTING 



permit them to resume their labors, and the 
administration of food resulted in nausea 
with vomiting, outward symptoms of organ- 
ic inability to handle even the small amount 
ingested. Hiccoughs in severe form, a sign 
most apprehensive in character and usually 
indicative of intestinal obstruction, were also 
in evidence, and continued persistently at 
intervals until death intervened. 

When a case such as this exhibits the 
symptoms noted in aggravated form, and 
when, moreover, its history shows years of 
constant suffering, it is a virtual certainty 
that organic defects exist that can in no wise 
be overcome. But, to allay the anxiety of 
the members of the family, the condition of 
the patient was brought to the attention of 
several medical practitioners, who could 
suggest nothing, for the stomach rejected 
nourishment, and great difficulty was exper- 
ienced even in the retention of water. This 
state continued for more than two weeks, 
with pulse and temperature at average nor- 
mal, but with no material improvement. As 
a final resort, a consultation of medical men 
was called. Their unanimous diagnosis, 
based upon the color of the bowel discharges, 
named the disease symptom as cancer, and 

302 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

the outcome of the case was by them also 
pronounced hopeless. Inaccuracy in medical 
judgment is well exemplified by comparison 
of this diagnosis with the findings of the post 
mortem examination which followed. Death 
came at the end of the fortieth day of abstin- 
ence from food. 

The autopsy made known a condition that 
the symptoms had predicted. The stomach 
occupied a position in the abdominal cavity 
such that its pyloric opening was turned for- 
ward and downward six or seven inches; the 
lower surface of the organ lay opposite the 
navel, and its normal shape was enlarged 
and distorted to a capacity of six fluid quarts 
and to a length of nearly two feet. The 
small intestines at numerous points were 
adherent to the walls of the peritoneum, and 
the stomach itself had to be cut from the 
same surface in order to expose its whole 
extent. The medical history of this case 
notes an attack of typhoid fever, complicated 
with peritonitis, about twelve years before 
death. This undoubtedly determines the 
date of the visceral adhesions, and, in all 
probability, that of the distortions in stomach 
and intestines. In attempting to overcome 
conditions, the gall bladder had enlarged to 

908 



FASTING 



the size of a pint measure, while the liver 
was utterly disintegrated. 

In the abnormal physical existence of this 
woman medicine had rendered no assistance, 
but rather the reverse, and as years passed, 
disease grew greater. Before the fast, bilious 
discharges and weakened heart action were 
symptoms that never varied except to in- 
crease in intensity. The fast disclosed from 
its first day immense quantities of vile, black 
filth that had been stored within the body, 
with the result that, from its beginning until 
just before death, the case showed decided 
relief and lessened pain. There was, however, 
no decrease in the amount of waste revealed 
at each application of the enema, and finally 
nature indicated that organic trouble defy- 
ing repair existed, and that death was 
inevitable. 

At the time when typhoid symptoms 
appeared, all of the organs of the body of 
this patient had fully matured, but the treat- 
ment of the fever and inflammation with 
drugs, while feeding was in constant prog- 
ress, led to the formation of the organic 
lesions described, to which is directly trace- 
able the fatal issue of the case. 



304 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

CASE 2 is that of a married woman, 39 
years old, who had been a sufferer from 
disease for all of the adult period of life, 
and who had subsisted upon a diet of liquids 
for two years previous to death. Since girl- 
hood, she had been treated without drugs 
(which she refused) by many different phy- 
sicians for stomach derangement, but with- 
out success. Her condition grew worse 
month by month, until, in sheer despair, the 
fast was invoked, and, while death occurred 
at the end of fifty-seven days, the relief 
experienced leads to the expressed opinion 
that the treatment prolonged life for some 
weeks. 

When the body was examined after death, 
the condition revealed was this: In the 
duodenum, just below the pyloric opening 
of the stomach, there must at one time have 
existed an ulcer or acute inflammation. 
Nature in her efforts at repair had deposited 
tissue cells at this point to the degree that 
the entire lumen of the intestine had finally 
been obstructed with the growth. There was 
no evidence of the characteristic cell forma- 
tion of cancer, but merely that of an accu- 
mulation of tissue that occluded the gut. 
The right kidney was in a state of complete 

305 



FASTING 



disintegration, but the other organs, and the 
intestines throughout, with the exception of 
the portion named, were normal in size and 
position. Until a year or more preceding 
death there may have been a small passage 
through the growth described, but this had 
finally closed, and the woman had lived only 
by the absorption of such liquid food as she 
could ingest and retain. The condition of 
the major portion of the intestines as to size 
and position is affirmative proof that the 
patient had never been subjected to drug 
dosage in the developing period of life. In 
this respect this case cannot parallel the one 
first cited, for in it drugs had played a disas- 
trous part, and were the direct cause of the 
deformation of the digestive tract. Here 
the defect was occasioned by natural pro- 
cesses operating for local repair. 

CASE 3. A young married woman of 
24s had been since maturity a sufferer from 
severe intestinal troubles, and from acute 
bilious symptoms. She had been medically 
treated for so-called appendicitis four years 
before her death, and an operation had been 
advised, but to this she refused to submit. 
In this connection it is interesting to note 

306 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

that the autopsy on this body disclosed an 
appendix in normal state, with no signs of 
former inflammation. 

Eight months before death the patient had 
undergone a fast of twenty-eight days and 
had convalesced into the most satisfactory 
physical condition that she had known since 
childhood. During the time of this fast and 
thereafter she cared for a young baby, and 
continued to do so until acute bilious de- 
rangement, accompanied by symptoms of 
organic disease, was manifested. The case 
fasted until death an even sixty days, and 
it was found, after a few weeks of abstinence, 
that pregnancy of several months added 
somewhat to the complications that arose. 
From the beginning of the fast excessively 
foul black discharges came away with the 
enemas, and there was a constant, slight 
daily rise in temperature, which, however, 
was invariably reduced to average normal 
after the administration of the internal bath. 

At the post mortem examination it was 
discovered that the liver was in a condition 
of complete disintegration; the stomach ex- 
hibited an extreme hour-glass contraction, 
and its pyloric opening would not permit the 
insertion of a lead pencil, nor could it be 

307 



FASTING 



stretched without tearing, on account of the 
hardened nature of its walls ; the small intes- 
tines and the colon throughout their length 
displayed a series of cartilaginous contrac- 
tions. In this instance these contractions 
were formed after full development to adult 
life had taken place. They undoubtedly 
were the results of powerful drugs adminis- 
tered from time to time after the eighteenth 
year, since all other portions of the intestines 
were of normal size. The fetus was removed 
from the uterus at the autopsy and was 
found to be in perfect condition, exhibiting 
the normal development of an unborn child 
of four months. 

CASE 4, that of a married woman of 85, 
was similar in many respects to the one 
preceding. This patient fasted fifty-nine 
days from the beginning of illness until 
death, and the case was complicated with an 
extra-uterine pregnancy in the right Fallo- 
pian tube, which aggravated conditions until 
the fetus was prematurely delivered. The 
whole adult life of this woman had been 
made wretched by digestive disturbance, 
bilious attacks, and menstrual difficulties. 
Drugs and patent medicines had done their 

308 



worst until two years before death, when, in 
hopeless apathy, the patient consented to 
undergo a fast, and completed one of thirty 
days with such success that she experienced 
entire relief from the menstrual pain there- 
after, and had no digestive distress unless 
careless in diet. 

The cause that compelled the patient to 
enter a second fast lay in organic disease that 
had progressed to the point that the func- 
tions became inoperative. Disintegration of 
the liver must have existed for some time 
previous to the beginning of the fast, for 
from its first day large amounts of black 
bilious discharge came away in the enemas. 
The condition gradually became so aggra- 
vated that the thought of food was nauseat- 
ing, and its odor and even the perfume of 
flowers could not be borne. This was also 
true of the second case cited. Organic defect 
existed when the former fast took place, and 
its symptoms were present at that time, but 
the organs, recuperated by their enforced 
rest, were enabled to continue partial func- 
tioning for some months longer. 

In this second fast pulse and temperature 
rose above normal several beats and degrees 
each day between the administrations of the 

309 



FASTING 

enema, but invariably fell to register after 
the internal bath, which was given twice 
daily. The fact of an extra-uterine preg- 
nancy having been determined about the 
third week of the fast, it was discovered on 
the forty-first day that contractions of the 
uterus were occurring; the os was dilated, 
and it was evident that an attempt was in 
progress to deliver the forming child through 
natural channels. By outside and inside 
manipulation of the uterus, a dead, mis- 
shapen fetus was finally removed with little 
or no pain. General relief was instantaneous, 
and was of such nature as to offer hope of 
ultimate recovery, but it lasted only a few 
days, when a decline set in that ended in 
death on the fifty-ninth day from the begin- 
ning of the fast. 

Hiccoughs in mild form were present at 
times during the latter days of fasting, and 
there was some vomiting of black bile. It 
was useless to attempt feeding at any stage, 
for, from the first, the stomach rejected food 
and water, and the only fluid that the body 
received during the period named was ob- 
tained from the internal and external baths. 

The post mortem findings follow: The 
liver was in such state of disintegration that 
sio 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

even the slightest functioning could not have 
occurred for months. The gall cyst was at 
least four times its normal size and contained 
black bilious fluid. The kidneys were hyper- 
trophied and pocketed with pus. The pan- 
creas likewise was hypertrophied and was so 
hardened in texture as to resist the knife. 
The spleen was disintegrated to the extent 
that it was held together merely by its sur- 
rounding membrane. The small intestines 
were normal in size and position, as was the 
colon, excepting the transverse portion of 
the latter, which had dropped below the navel 
and was no larger in diameter than an adult 
thumb. The right ovary contained a cyst 
filled with serous fluid, and the right Fallo- 
pian tube was bent twice upon itself. The 
left ovary was in a state of atrophy and was 
no larger than a lima bean. The heart and 
the lungs were normal. 

CASE 5 is that of a man of 24 who had 
been syphilitically infected five years before 
his death, and had treated the symptoms 
medically and with advertised nostrums. At 
the time of consultation the syphilitic sores 
still remained, and there were other evidences 
of the ravages of the blood taint present as 

311 



FASTING 

well. Among the latter was a loss of mental 
control that compelled the family of the 
patient to employ a keeper for the youth. 
About six months before death a fast of 
twenty-eight days was undertaken and suc- 
cessfully accomplished. The syphilitic sores 
were completely eradicated at its completion, 
and relief in general was such that the 
patient was enabled to dispense with his 
attendant and thereafter cared for himself. 
But some months later the signs of organic 
disease, including loss of mental control, 
again became apparent. From this time 
there was a copious discharge of watery 
mucus from the nasal passages and throat, 
and a constant, profuse exudation of sweat 
about the face and the head. The latter 
symptom was present in such degree that the 
hair of the patient dripped moisture con- 
tinuously and his pillow needed changing 
every hour. Quantities of solid f eces and of 
catarrhal mucus appeared in the enemas, 
and for a month before death speech was 
impossible and no function could be per- 
formed without assistance. During the last 
nineteen days of life no food was ingested. 
The post mortem findings showed a brain, 
the right hemisphere of which was softened 

312 



DEATH IX THE FAST 

and pus-laden. The left hemisphere was 
structurally normal. The right jugular vein 
was filled with a whitish hardened mineral 
deposit, but the heart was in normal condi- 
tion. The right lung had atrophied and was. 
in a state of embolism; it was virtually a 
solid mass of blood clots and was useless as 
an organ. The left lung was normal. The 
liver was partially disintegrated. In this 
case no abnormality existed in the entire 
length of the alimentary canal, and the kid- 
neys, the pancreas, and the spleen were in 
functioning condition. 

CASE 6, that of a man 46 years of age, 
presents a physical history of intermittent 
suff ering. As the result of an accident in 
childhood, in which the patient was internally 
injured, both youth and early manhood were 
filled with a succession of acute illnesses, 
which were treated in orthodox manner with- 
out permanent alleviation. About fifteen 
years before death, the patient abandoned 
medicine and turned to the natural or drug- 
less method of cure, with the outcome that 
the first physical relief of permanence was 
obtained. Three years before his last illness 
acute disease again appeared, and, because 

313 



F A S T I N G 



of peculiar circumstances, medical treatment 
was resorted to for a short time but without 
benefit. Reverted to finally, the fast and its 
accompaniments succeeded in relieving con- 
.ditions to such degree that in fourteen days 
the patient was able to resume the practice 
of his profession. Although suffering at 
intervals from that time on, there was no 
return of acute symptoms until the month 
preceding death, when, after unwonted phy- 
sical exercise, followed by a heavy meal, se- 
vere pains in the intestines developed. The 
stomach rejected food; within a week drink- 
ing of water brought on nausea; and the 
point was soon reached when any attempt 
at the administration of sustenance occa- 
sioned excruciating pain. This condition 
continued for thirty days, at the end of 
which death occurred. 

The post mortem examination showed 
most abnormal characteristics in the vital 
organs. The lungs were adherent at every 
point to the walls of the pleural cavity and 
to the diaphragm. The heart was in fair 
condition. The stomach was dilated and 
prolapsed. The gall bladder exhibited three 
distinct pouches, any one of which was the 
size of a normal sac, and two of these sections 

314- 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

were filled with one hundred and twenty-six 
stones, one measuring four inches in circum- 
ference. The small intestines were collapsed 
to the pelvis and were intussuscepted midway 
in their lower portion so that two yards of 
their length were telescoped into five inches, 
and this part measured in diameter of lumen 
only one-quarter inch. All of the small 
intestines were below normal in size; the 
transverse colon lay in front of the descend- 
ing bowel, an abnormality which largely 
increased the labor of disposing of body 
waste; the ascending and descending por- 
tions of the colon showed lack of develop- 
ment and were cartilaginous in structure; 
the sigmoid bend and the rectum were of 
diameter not to exceed that of an adult 
thumb, and were also in advanced cartilagin- 
ous state ; the kidneys, the liver, the pancreas, 
and the spleen were all in a condition of 
partial atrophy; the brain and the nerve 
centers showed no deterioration. 

An excuse for surgical intervention some- 
times exists, and here was a case in which 
a condition requiring internal adjustment 
was presented at the time of the accident 
noted in its history. Neglected then, life 
was prolonged by nature in spite of the 

315 



FASTING 



handicap of physical defect, but at cost of 
constant suffering. 

CASE 7, that of a man 56 years of age, 
exhibits a history of continuous disease in 
youth, but includes at least twenty years of 
later life devoted to diet, to the fast, and to 
hygienic attention to the body. In fact this 
part of the man's existence was distinguished 
by work along all lines of progressive 
thought. At the time that the case was 
presented, the patient was aware that, despite 
all efforts at conservation of health, his 
condition was such that he must have 
recourse to every means of assistance that 
nature could suggest, or he must succumb 
to the inevitable. After examination, with 
the discovery that the symptoms showed 
marked organic disturbance, it was agreed 
that but one hope of recovery remained, and 
that this lay in a complete fast. By it would 
be determined either the ability of the vital 

tf 

organs to continue functioning, or the assur- 
ance that the human machine had reached a 
point where life could be no longer main- 
tained. 

The fast began, and there was no marked 
disturbance until the twenty-first day, while 

316 



relief was such that the patient regarded his 
case as one that showed constant and per- 
manent improvement; but, after this date 
and during the succeeding ten days, the 
symptoms became unfavorable, and upon the 
thirty-second day he sank into a comatose state 
in which he lay until by manipulation an 
abscess in the nasal cavity was with difficulty 
discharged. This release of foul pus eased 
the patient ; he became conscious and assisted 
with interest in the efforts being made to 
promote his recovery. 

This case fasted thirty-eight days until 
death. At all times large amounts of mucus 
were discharged from the colon in the ene- 
mas, while pain, sometimes of an excruciat- 
ing character, was felt in the region of the 
bladder. In the later stages of the fast and 
just before death, pus in abundance was 
present in the urine, and in the last few 
days of life the urinary organs were utterly 
unable to evacuate the contents of the blad- 
der, for which purpose an irrigating bougie 
had to be employed. In spite of the quantity 
of refuse stored within this body, muscular 
strength was exhibited in remarkable degree 
during the fast and until the day of death. 
The patient was able at all times to move 

317 



FASTING 



himself in bed, to rise at intervals, and to 
help himself in ways that seemed marvelous 
when his physical condition was considered. 
The results of the autopsy follow: The 
brain, weighing forty-eight and one-half 
ounces, filled the entire cavity of the skull, 
and was perfect in structure. These facts 
add corroborative evidence to the truth of 
the theory advanced by Dr. E. H. Dewey, 
and developed by all who have -given time 
and practical thought to the treatment of 
disease by the fast, viz., that, in a fast, nerve 
tissue is never depleted since its supply of 
nourishment is gained directly from body 
reserve and not from food ingested. The 
lungs were in excellent condition; the heart, 
organically speaking, was perfect, but was 
filled with a gelatinous mass of serum 
affected by post mortem change; from the 
cardiac opening of the stomach to within 
two inches of the pylorus there was not one 
particle of healthy muscular tissue, and the 
appearance of the walls of the organ was 
that of smooth, wet chamois skin; the duo- 
denum was below normal in size, but the 
upper portion of the jejunum was consider- 
ably dilated; about midway in the tube of 
the small intestine a downward intussuscep- 

318 



tion had taken place, in length about two 
and one-half inches ; this was of long-stand- 
ing, since the walls of the bowel had become 
cartilaginous and thickened, and in so doing 
had closed the opening of the gut so that it 
would have been difficult to insert a lead 
pencil into the passage; the only section of 
the colon that was in a natural state was the 
cecum, but thence to the rectum the organ 
was of infantile proportion; in fact, there 
was not one inch of this part of the bowel 
into which the end of an index finger could 
have been introduced; the sigmoid flexure 
was less deveolped than any other portion of 
the gut ; its bent form was absent, and it had 
become merely a straight, vertical canal con- 
tinuing the descending colon to the anus; 
the liver was badly congested, with its left 
lobe partially cirrhosed, but its functions had 
probably been performed with better success 
than those of the other digestive organs ; the 
gall bladder was distended with bile; the 
pancreas was extremely small, and the spleen 
was that of an infant; the kidneys were dis- 
integrated and pocketed with pus, which 
discharged through the ureters into an in- 
flamed and congested bladder; the latter 
was very undeveloped and held within its 

319 



FASTING 



thickened walls barely three ounces of liquid. 

The conditions recited were not the results 
of a fast of thirty-eight days, but were those 
of disease and subsequent arrested develop- 
ment in early life. While there may have 
been a lack of general physical growth in the 
individual, some paralyzing agent intro- 
duced from without was responsible for the 
marked deformity found in the intestines. 

In view of the undeveloped and mechanic- 
ally inadequate state of the digestive tract, 
it is interesting to record that the sexual 
organs of this man were those of a boy. He 
was under height and boyish in appearance 
as well. Nervous shock presumably received 
through drugs administered in infancy 
caused functional paralysis and arrested 
growth of the digestive organs, and general 
development suffered in consequence. 

CASE 8, that of a young man of 22, 
suffered for the greater part of his life from 
acute indigestion attended with distressing 
symptoms of an apoplectic kind. From the 
beginning of the fast the enemas brought 
away merely colored water, but general 
relief was felt until the twentieth day of 
abstinence. Then a profuse hemorrhage 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

from the nose occurred, indicating obstructed 
circulation, and, after the twenty-second 
day, the patient kept his bed with nose-bleed 
and hiccoughs intermittently present. At 
this stage of the treatment the latter symp- 
tom in severe form is conclusive of organic 
defect, and three days before death, when the 
hiccoughing had become continuous, the 
patient sank into coma and never regained 
consciousness. He died forty-nine days 
from the beginning of the fast. 

From the twenty-first day quantities of 
black bile were vomited, which, as are hic- 
coughs, is a sign that intestinal obstruction 
exists, and this diagnosis was completely 
corroborated by the autopsy. Ten feet of 
the upper portion of the small intestine 
proved to have been arrested in growth in 
childhood, and the walls of the organ were of 
cartilaginous nature. In the duodenum was 
discovered an accumulation of hard tissue, 
similar to that described in CASE 2, which 
entirely closed the bowel. No food material 
could possibly have passed this point for 
months previous to the fast. The presence 
of this abnormal formation explains two 
facts observed in the case: the first, that the 
patient had been compelled to subsist for a 

321 



FASTING 



year before his last illness upon liquids alone ; 
the second, the absence of solid particles in 
the returned fluid of the enemas. Repair of 
body tissue had been accomplished but imper- 
fectly by absorption through stomach walls 
and those of the short length of upper intes- 
tine that might have functioned. The colon 
at both bends was contracted so that it was 
barely possible to insert a finger into the 
lumen, and the right bend had adhered to the 
transverse portion of the organ in such man- 
ner as to form a loop. The kidneys were 
greatly congested; the gall cyst was much 
enlarged; the pancreas and the spleen were, 
however, normal; adhesions of both upper 
and lower bowels to the walls of the peri- 
toneal cavity had formed at frequent 
intervals. 

In tracing the medical histoiy of the case, 
it was later discovered that, at seven years 
of age, a severe fever accompanied by 
inflammation of the intestines had been 
treated medically with opiates, and the heart 
action, as is usual in cases of this nature, 
had been stimulated to the highest degree 
with strychnine and digitalis. 

CASE 9, a civil engineer, 27 years of age, 

322 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

had suffered since childhood with acute 
digestive ailments, which were treated as is 
usual in orthodoxy. Malnutrition finally 
became so pronounced that the subject 
decided that medicine could suggest nothing 
that would alleviate the condition, and he 
entered a fast of his own volition, coming 
for consultation some days after its begin- 
ning. He died at the end of twenty-one 
days of abstinence from food. In the state 
in which this patient was at the first examina- 
tion, the uselessness of attempting to cope 
with the organic symptoms that were plainly 
apparent was so certain that it was deemed 
best to inform him that recovery was out of 
the question. Food was administered at this 
point, but the stomach was unable to retain 
it, and repeated trials at feeding met with the 
same result. The fast was perforce con- 
tinued, and death came, as stated, after 
twenty-one days. 

The post mortem examination revealed an 
interior with heart, lungs, and digestive 
organs so extremely arrested in development 
that, had it not been for the adult body in 
which they were enclosed, they would have 
been taken for the organs of a child four 
years of age. If comment is needed upon 



FASTING 



this remarkable combination of a mature 
body with infantile instruments of function, 
it should be based upon the causes of the 
lack of structural growth noted. And again 
the conclusion is forced that, in disease drug- 
treated in early life, lies the solution. 

CASE 10, a man of 34, whose physical 
history had been one of constant illness after 
the twentieth year, is next presented. The 
patient had been treated medically for indi- 
gestion, constipation, and various fevers. 
All his life he had been an inveterate user of 
strong tea, and in later years fermentation, 
gas, difficulty in breathing, and abdominal 
pain invariably succeeded the ingestion of a 
meal. For the relief of these symptoms 
medical correctives and tonics were taken but 
the conditions gradually grew worse. The 
patient finally decided upon a fast, but, 
because of family interference, a liquid diet 
was substituted and continued for thirty-five 
days, when death occurred. In this case 
pulse and temperature before the fast had 
been habitually below normal, and they made 
but little change during the period before 
death, the former remaining at fifty-four or 
thereabouts, and the latter so low that it 

324 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

could not be registered on the ordinary clin- 
ical thermometer. There was constant feel- 
ing of chilliness. 

The autopsy discovered the lungs com- 
pletely filled with an exudation of serous 
fluid, a condition comparable to that in 
croupous pneumonia, and one that was the 
immediate cause of death. The body, for 
several weeks, had been blotched or sinused 
beneath the surface of the skin, the dilated 
veins showing a circulation obstructed, pre- 
sumably in the liver. This symptom is 
always present in cases of cirrhosis or hard- 
ening of the liver, and the latter organ on 
examination was found in an advanced stage 
of atrophic cirrhosis. The stomach held but 
eight fluid ounces, and it could hold no more, 
for its outside muscular coat was in a per- 
manent state of contraction, and the mucus 
coats were very much thickened, making the 
whole organ at least one inch in depth of 
wall. As a result of the contraction of the 
outside coating of the stomach it had become 
elongated into a tube, and its normal capac- 
ity was much diminished. The duodenum 
and the upper three feet of the small intes- 
tine were dilated so that the lumen was three 



32* 



FASTING 



inches in diameter, a structural change which 
suggests the thought that nature had 
attempted to remedy in this portion of the 
alimentary canal the deficiency in size and 
function existing in the stomach. It is said 
that cirrhosis of the stomach is a very rare 
symptom in disease, but in this case and in 
the one that follows, this organic change was 
present in forms that could scarcely have 
been more perfect examples of their kind. 
Below the dilated section of the intestines 
the bowels, including the colon, were appar- 
ently normal. The gall bladder was quite 
small, while the kidneys, the pancreas, and 
the spleen all exhibited incipient hardening 
of tissue. 

CASE 11, an unmarried woman of 38, 
had never passed a year during infancy and 
girlhood free from acute illness, and had 
been a sufferer for all of later life from 
nervous exhaustion that at frequent intervals 
took the form of morbid craving for food, 
which had been greatly increased when her 
medical adviser, about five years before 
death, prescribed its satisfaction by ordering 
her sustenance every two hours, with a meal 
the last thing at night. Excruciating pain 

326 



DEATH I1S T THE FAST 

at the menstrual period compelled the patient 
for many years to lose four or five days from 
her duties each month, and left her prostrate 
and nervous for much of her other time. 
She had sought the world over for relief, and 
had turned to the fast and to general natural 
means two years before consultation, but had 
undergone only one fast of ten days. Upon 
examination there was no question that 
organic disease was present, and, because it 
existed in aggravated form and no encour- 
agement could be offered in prognosis, it 
was agreed that the treatment given should 
be aimed solely at the relief that a light diet 
would be certain to aiford. This course was 
accordingly pursued and the patient con- 
tinued upon it for a period of eighty days 
when death occurred. In this case a sinused 
condition of the skin of the face and body 
was noted when first seen; the cheeks were 
blue and veined, as was also the nose, and 
the whole body showed deplorable deficiency 
in venous circulation. This state improved to 
some extent after entering upon the diet 
prescribed, but it was never wholly corrected. 
The examination of the body after death 
revealed a liver and stomach cirrhosed in 
structure, and the stomach walls, in addition, 

327 



FASTING 



showed no evidence of glandular function, 
their surface being without corrugation, the 
mucosa having thickened as in the preceding 
case. The stomach was functionally useless, 
and its walls were three-quarters of an inch 
in thickness. The small intestines, infantile 
in size, were cartilaginous in sections, and 
adhesions occurred at frequent points. The 
colon was no larger than an adult thumb 
throughout, and also exhibited adhesions in 
various places. The only organs of the body 
that were in anything like a condition of 
functional activity were the lungs and the 
heart. The kidneys, the spleen, and the pan- 
creas, as in the previous case, were incipiently 
hardened. 

It has been mentioned in several of the 
cases quoted that the patient, after beginning 
the fast, experienced a renewal of vitality 
for which no solid physical foundation 
existed. This was true to a degree in each 
of the other cases, and was so marked at 
times that there was hope of ultimate recov- 
ery. Nature, struggling to restore organic 
function, makes the effort commensurate 
with the gravity of the existent defect. By 
'the removal of the labor of digestion at least 
one-half of the total organic work of the 

328 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

body ceases, and relief that simulates recu- 
peration is manifested despite structural 
deficiency in the machine. These favorable 
symptoms continue until elimination of 
refuse is well under way and proves a task 
beyond the organs to accomplish when 
decline begins and progresses until nerve 
centers and brain can no longer receive 
adequate support, and the body dies. In 
Cases 3 and 4 the relief experienced after 
the first fast in each case was sufficient, with 
organs still partially able to function, to 
enable the system to maintain itself until 
accumulation again became too great to 
permit of balance. The defects in structure, 
too serious to have been corrected in the 
earlier treatment or in the interim, now 
reached the stage of disintegration or of 
atrophy, and the liberation of the life prin- 
ciple was no longer possible. 

At the time of consultation the presence 
of serious organic defect cannot always be 
determined, but no doubt is permitted 
shortly after the fast begins, for within a 
week or ten days symptoms are displayed 
that fix conditions as they exist. The third 
week positively decides the outcome. In the 
two cases last described the signs of organic 

329 



FASTING 



disease were such as not to be mistaken from 
the first. The result in each instance must 
be death, and all that could be done to aid 
possible recovery would, in the circumstances, 
prove of no avail. Because of family anxiety 
and the hoplessness of cure, these cases were 
placed upon restricted diet, a diet that put 
no undue strain upon the failing functions, 
but that, nevertheless, did not ameliorate the 
distress of disease as an absolute fast would 
have done. Life was prolonged for several 
weeks in these instances, but, if food had 
been entirely omitted, relief would have been 
greater, and days would have been added to 
existence. 

The passing of the life of a human body 
in cases that are medically treated, in the 
majority of instances, happens under the 
influence of opiates that deaden pain and 
paralyze consciousness. In the fast the end 
of a life occurs as a quiet sleep, painless, 
peaceful, and beautiful. 

Disease is self -limited ; the amount of 
poison manufactured is determined by the 
intake of food or of drugs, and eradication 
of disease is fixed in limit of time by the 
ability of the vital organs to cast out toxic 

330 



DEATH IN THE FAST 

products. The possibility always exists that 
these organs may prove unequal to their work, 
and this possibility becomes a certainty, with 
death as the outcome, in two situations one, 
when the organs themselves are structurally 
defective, and the other, when their powers 
are stimulated through food or through 
drugs, or both, to the point of exhaustion. 
Only one of these conditions, that of organic 
defect presents itself in treating disease by 
means of the fast. Both are met in the thera- 
peutics of medicine. 

The results displayed in the post mortem 
findings cited, and the comparisons made in 
the statement that follows, are tangible assets 
in the claim that, in the absence of defects 
in the organs of the body, abstinence from 
food, with other natural health-giving and 
health-preserving accompaniments, is the 
unfailing remedy for the cure of functional 
ills. The physician and the patient from the 
outset of the treatment possess the assurance 
of recovery; and confidence that rests on 
infallible natural law is in itself of the great- 
est assistance in accomplishing results. 



331 



FASTING 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF POST MORTEM 
FINDINGS IN DEATH BY STARVATION (MED- 
ICAL) , AND POST MORTEM FINDINGS IN DEATH 
DURING THE FAST AS NOTED IN THE TEXT. 

DEATH BY STARVATION. DEATH IN THE FAST. 

EMACIATION. 

Marked. In cases where cirrhosed 

state of liver or stomach ex- 
isted, emaciation was similar 
to that in chronic ailments, 
but in the other instances it 
was not at all marked. 

SKIN. 

Shrivelled and wrinkled; Smooth and pliable in all 
emits a fetid odor ; sometimes cases ; free from odor ; no 
dark brown, varnishy coat- coating; not adherent. Ex- 
ing; tightly adherent to parts cept in cases of cirrhosis of 
beneath; rough, scurvy sur- liver or stomach, perfectly 
face. white. In the latter sinused 

condition as noted. 

SUB-CUTANEOUS FAT. 

Absent. In all cases sub-cutaneous 

fat was present. This was 
especially so where disin- 
tegration of the liver is noted , 

POST MORTEM RIGIDITY. 

Pronounced. Very slight. 

332 



DEATH IN THE FAST 



PUTREFACTION. 

Sets in at once and pro- Very slow in progress. No 
gresses very rapidly. preservatives were used on 

any body before holding the 
autopsy. In one instance 
post mortem was held one 
month after death, and pu- 
trefaction was hardly notice- 
able. Slowness of decay is 
attributable to the constant 
employment of both external 
and internal baths during 
treatment. Fasting is a 
process of elimination in 
immediate result, and the 
products that tend to swift 
decomposition are removed 
from the body as rapidly as 
formed. 

HEART. 

Usually contracted, con- Normal in all cases. 
taining only a small amount 
of blood. Sometimes distinct 
atrophy. 

LUNGS. 

Normal but smaller. Normal except as noted. 

BLOOD. 

Lessened in amount, but Abundance of blood. No 
thin and fluid from anemia. apparent anemia. 

BLADDER. 

Invariably empty. Some- In all cases contained some 
times much atrophied. water. Pus as noted. No 

atrophy except in CASE 7. 
333 



FASTING 



SPLEEN. 

Not noteworthy. Normal in majority of 

cases. Disintegration noted 
in CASE 4, atrophy in 
CASES 6 and 7. 



PANCREAS. 

Always atrophied, some- Atrophy noted in CASES 
times to practical disappear- 6 and 7; hypertrophy with 
ance. cirrhosis in CASE 4; incip- 

ient cirrhosis in CASES 10 
and 11. Others normal. 



OMENTUM. 

Transparent and destitute In all cases some fat; 
of fat in CASE 4 excessive fat. 

Transparent in no case. 

LIVER. 

Unaltered except in size, Noted in all cases. There 
which is lessened. were no general character- 

istics; the organ varied in 
size and structure with the 
individual. 

GALL BLADDER. 

Usually full; contents CASE 8 was the only in- 
t lining adjacent tissues. stance in which there was 

staining of adjacent tissues. 
Others were as noted or 
normal. 



384 



DEATH IN THE FAST 



STOMACH. 

Small, contracted; walls Several cases showed ex- 
thin; mucosa corrugated treme dilation; two were in 
and pale. state of cirrhosis; none 

showed contractions except 
CASE 3 (hour-glass), and 
CASES 10 and 11 (cirr- 
hosis). Other variations as 
noted. 



INTESTINES. 

Show uniform contraction The condition of the intes- 

as to lumen and length ; walls tines is specifically noted in 

usually thin and transparent all cases. There were no 

to light; their atrophy in this general characteristics, but 

connection is characteristic. in no instance were the walls 

Sometimes empty ; some- unduly thin, 
times containing dark mucus; 
sometimes distended with 
gas. 

KIDNEYS. 
Do not seem to suffer. Suffered as noted. 

One fact of significance shown in the post 
mortem findings and in the comparison noted 
above is that, no matter how general were 
the defects in other organs, nor how ema- 
ciated the body, unless they themselves were 
organically imperfect, the heart, the lungs, 
and the brain were normal in size and in 
functional ability. It may be added that, 
although not always specifically stated, the 

335 



FASTING 



brain in each instance in the cases cited was 
thoroughly dissected. 

Through the facts related, the immediate 
cause of death in every instance quoted can 
easily be traced to its origin. Organic 
deficiency is the direct result of functional 
digestive impairment. The scientific worth 
of this observation is much enhanced by the 
fact that in these autopsies the organs were 
presented unaffected by recent drug paraly- 
sis. The cases that exhibited glands that 
were hardened or atrophied were invariably 
of an emaciated or wiry physique, while those 
in which a softening of the organs had 
occurred were inclined to obesity. It is also 
interesting to note that, where mental con- 
trol was lacking at any stage of the fast, 
the colon at dissection showed displacement 
and distortion that rendered evacuation of 
its contents almost impossible, even with 
enemata. 

From the scientific viewpoint the observa- 
tions included in the present chapter are 
undoubtedly of greatest import in the text. 
By them the theory of Fasting for the 
Cure of Disease is substantiated as a fact, 
and proof of its efficacy as a remedy is ren- 
dered incontrovertible. 

336 



DEATH IN THE FAST 





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337 



CHAPTER XIX 



SCHOOLS OF NATURAL HEALING 



"Science does its duty, not in telling us the causes 
of spots in the sun, but in explaining to us the laws of 
cur own life, and the consequences of their violation," 

Ruskin. 



CHAPTER XIX 

SCHOOLS OF NATURAL HEALING 

AS elsewhere expressed, the fast in 
itself is but a means to an end, but 
by its use in the treatment of disease, 
many mechanical defects in organs are 
entirely overcome through muscular rest and 
relaxation. Certain accessories are, however, 
brought into play. Bodily cleanliness and 
sanitation are essential, and mechanical ad- 
justment of bones, muscular manipulation, 
and the internal bath are all invaluable con- 
comitants of treatment. 

In connection with muscular manipulation 
and bone adjustment, two distinct schools of 
healing have arisen in late years, those of 
Osteopathy and Chiropractic. 

Osteopathy is defined as "that science or 
system of healing which treats disease of 
the human body by manual therapeutics for 
the stimulation of the remedial forces within 
the body itself, for the correction of mis- 
placed tissue, and for the removal of obstruc- 

341 



FASTING 



tions or interferences with the fluids of the 
body, all without the internal administration 
of drugs or medicine." The name, derived 
as it is from the Greek, osteon, bone, and 
pathos, suffering, is not such a misnomer as 
might at first appear. The osteopathic 
theory is that many disease symptoms orig- 
inate in bony lesions. This applies more 
particularly to the vertebral column, which, 
owing to its complex mechanism, is liable to 
several forms of sub-dislocation, depending 
upon the region in which they may occur. 
The most common is that of rotation fol- 
lowed by forward or backward displacement 
of a single vertebra. Compensation always 
succeeds these changes so that the disturb- 
ance is communicated to the ones above or 
below, thus forming a group. These lesions 
are detected by the touch and are verified 
by tenderness of the surrounding parts. 
They are necessarily slight, but the theory 
supposes them sufficient to profoundly influ- 
ence adjacent tissue. 

Mobility of the spine is of first import- 
ance, for in health there is motion between 
adjacent vertebrae. Lack of movement may 
be caused by muscular tension, by stretching 
of ligaments, or by a union of the parts due 

342 



SCHOOLS OF NATURAL HEALING 

to bony deposit. Following any of these 
conditions, the theory holds, are functional 
or organic disturbances, acute becoming 
chronic. Nerves are pinched or impinged, 
and, as the circulation of the blood to an 
organ depends upon its nerve control, 
organic mechanism is interfered with, and 
disease begins. 

Chiropractics is defined as "a system of 
therapeutic treatment for disease through 
the adjustment of the articulations of the 
human body, particularly those of the spine, 
with the object of relieving pressure or ten- 
sion upon nerve filaments." As in Oste- 
opathy, the operations are performed with 
the hands, no drugs being administered. 

The two theories above presented are seen 
to be most closely related. But, it must be 
obvious that each school is reasoning from 
effect to cause when the claim is advanced 
that spinal lesions primarily lower nutrition. 
Muscles built when a state of mal-nutrition 
exists are not adequate for the work of sup- 
porting the bony structure with the delicate 
adjustment that combines strength with the 
necessary degree of flexibility. Barring dis- 
placement of vertebrae through an accident 
that forcibly disturbs the arrangement of the 

343 



FASTING 



separate bones of the spinal column, there is 
but one source from which may arise a con- 
dition of lowered nutrition in any one of the 
muscles of the body impaired digestion. 
Perfect digestion insures perfect nutrition, 
and perfect nutrition must conserve mus- 
cular tone. 

Both Osteopathy and Chiropractics are 
cut short of their greatest possibilities when 
they are applied apart from the fast. In the 
presence of a full stomach they become mere 
methods of force and stimulation, which, in 
many respects, are detrimental to health. 
They are then to be classed only as passive 
physical culture, in which the patient permits 
the operators to exercise the muscles instead 
of working them himself. During a fast, all 
muscles of the body are in a state of perfect 
relaxation, a natural result of the process of 
rest and elimination in progress. They 
respond in this condition to every impetus, 
and blood circulation at the same time is 
directly amenable to the stimulation applied. 
Hence the value, both local and general, of 
a combination with the fast of Osteopathic 
manipulation and Chiropractic thrust. 

In pregnancy and confinement osteopathic 
methods are superior to all others in equaliz- 

344 



SCHOOLS OF NATURAL HEALING 

ing circulation and in facilitating delivery. 
In correcting uterine displacement, fasting 
removes congestion, relaxes the parts, and 
manual adjustment completes the cure. 
Manipulation at all times is an aid to elimin- 
ation, but especially is this so during the fast ; 
and, when a patient is weak and despondent, 
circulation, thus stimulated, buoys. Con- 
gested glands that so often suppurate and 
develop into false or true cancerous growths 
may, through manipulation, be caused to dis- 
appear by the increased power of absorption 
thus induced. This applies to all local swell- 
ings and excrescences, the operation compel- 
ling natural augmentation of blood in the 
parts. 

Osteopathy and Chiropractics are purely 
mechanical accessories in the treatment of 
disease, and, as such, their field of practice 
is limited. But, in connection with the method 
outlined in the text, their efficiency is largely 
extended, and, used in conjunction, the three 
schools form a perfect combination for the 
prevention and cure of disease. 

Christian Science ranges itself with the 
various theories of psycho-therapy that have 
been advanced from time to time, but its 
effect in the treatment of disease is of worth 

345 



FASTING! 

only as regards the suggestive power of mind 
over matter. It, with other similar cults, 
neglects the physical body and its functions, 
and calls upon the soul to further its ends. 
The interdependence of matter and mind is 
the subject of detailed discussion in another 
chapter, and need not be repeated here. 
Healing the sick as well as the sinful is an 
ideal union in purpose. Needless to say, it 
is seldom found in practice, yet there is truth 
in the thought that physical health is a prime 
factor in the process of attaining spiritual 
excellence. 

All practical working schools that employ 
natural aids to health in their operation are 
mutually concerned in the conservation of 
physical balance in man. Excluding the 
quasi-science of medicine, with the exception 
of its rarely needed surgical branch, the 
methods of natural healing enumerated em- 
body a perfect combination. 

(THE END) 



346 



GLOSSARY 



ABDOMEN. The belly. 

ABERRATION. A wandering from. 

ABEYANT. Absence; suspension. 

ABSCESS. A cavity containing pus. 

ABSORPTION. The sucking in or taking up of a fluid 

by anything. 
ABSTINENCE. Voluntary privation or self-denial in 

diet, etc. 

ACCOUCHEMENT. Confinement, lying-in, delivery. 
ACCRUE. To arise, to be added to. 
ACETONE. A chemical compound developed in the 

body by fermentation of organic matters. 
ACID. As adjective, sour, tart. As noun, a compound 

of the gas, hydrogen, with other substances. 
ADDENDUM. A thing to be added. 
ADENOID. A growth that resembles a gland. 
ADHERENT. Sticking to or grown to a surface. 
ADIPOSE. Fatty. 
ADJACENT. Lying near to. 
ADOLESCENCE. The period between puberty and 

maturity. 

ALIENIST. One who treats mental disease. 
ALIMENTARY CANAL. The digestive tube and acces- 
sory glands. 
ALKALINE. A salt of any kind that effervesces with 

acids; the opposite of an acid. 
ALLEVIATE. To lessen, to diminish, to allay. 
347 



GLOSSARY 



AMELIORATE. To make better. 

ANEMIA. A deficiency of blood and red corpuscles. 

ANEMIC. Pertaining to anemia. 

ANAESTHETIC. A substance producing insensibility or 
unconsciousness. 

ANALOGY. Similarity of relations between one thing 
and another. 

ANTISEPTIC. Preventing or destroying putrefaction. 

ANUS. The lower opening of the alimentary canal. 

APATHY. Deadness of the emotions, want of feeling. 

APERIENT. A gentle purgative. 

APOPLEXY. Paralysis from rupture of a blood vessel 
in the brain. 

APPENDICITIS. Inflammation of the vermiform appen- 
dix. 

APPENDIX (VERMIFORM). The worm-shaped appen- 
dage to the cecum. 

ARTICULATION. A joint. 

ASPHYXIATION. The condition caused by non-oxy- 
genation of the blood ; suffocation. 

ASSIMILATION. The act of absorbing nutriment, and 
its change into tissue, blood, etc. 

ATROPHY. The wasting of a part from lack of nutri- 
tion. 

AUGMENTATION. The act of increasing. 

AUTO-INTOXICATION. Self-poisoning. 

AUTOPSY. The examination of a body after death. 

AUTO-TOXIN. Any poisonous substance originating 
within the body. 

AXIOM. A self-evident truth. 

BACILLI. The plural of bacillus. 

BACILLUS. Any one of a genus of rod-like organisms, 
microscopic in size. 

248 



GLOSSARY 



B 

BACTERIA. The microscopic organisms that cause 
putrefaction ; microbes ; bodies similar to bacilli, 
but differing in form. 

BANEFUL. Harmful, poisonous. 

BARRENNESS. The state of being incapable of pro- 
ducing offspring. 

BILE. The yellow, bitter liquid secreted by the liver. 

BIO-CHEMISTRY. The chemistry of living tissues. 

BOLUS. Medicine made into the form of a pill. 

BOUGIE. A slender cylindrical instrument, solid or 
hollow. 

BOWEL. The intestine. 

BLADDER. The membranous receptacle of the urine. 

BRONCHIAL. Pertaining to the Bronchi or main 
branches of the Trachea. 

BUOY. To support a person or his hopes. 

BUTTOCKS. The rump, the protuberant part behind. 



CALIBRE. The internal diameter of a rod or tube. 

CANAL ALIMENTARY. The digestive tube and acces- 
sory glands. 

CANCER. A malignant growth having a tendency to 
spread. 

CANKER. An eating sore, especially in the mouth. 

CAPILLARY. A minute blood vessel. 

CAPSULE. A soluble shell for administering medicine. 

CARBOHYDRATE. A compound of carbon with hydro- 
gen and oxygen, the latter gases being in 
proportion to form water. 
S49 



GLOSSARY 



CARBONIC ACID. A pungent, suffocating gas, the 

product of respiration. 

CARDIAC OPENING. The upper opening of the stom- 
ach, so-called because nearest the heart. 
CARTILAGINOUS. Of the nature of cartilage or gristle. 
CATARRHAL. Of the nature of catarrh, which is an 

inflammation of the mucus membrane. 
CATEGORY. A list or class. 
CATHARTIC. A purgative medicine. 
CAUTERIZE. To burn or sear with substances or 

instruments. 
CECUM. The blind pouch at the head of the large 

intestine. 

CELIBATE. One who is unmarried. 
CHOLAGOGUE. A medicine that promotes the flow of 

bile. 

CHYLE. The milky fluid of intestinal digestion. 
CIRCULATORY. Pertaining to the circulation of the 

blood. 

CIRRHOSED. Pertaining to cirrhosis. 
CIRRHOSIS. Thickening of the connective tissue of an 

organ. 

CLINICAL. Pertaining to a sick-bed or clinic. 
CLOT. A mass of thickened blood. 
COAGULATED. Thickened (as of fluids), curded. 
CODEIN. One of the alkaloids derived from opium. 
COLIC. Spasmodic pain in the abdomen. 
COLLATERAL. Accompanying, aiding. 
COLON. The superior part of the large intestine. 
COLON TUBE. A long rubber tube for insertion 

through anus and sigmoid flexure into the colon. 
350 



GLOSSARY 



COMA. An abnormally deep sleep; stupor. 

COMATOSE. In a condition of coma. 

COMMENSURATE. Having the same measure or extent; 
equal, proportional. 

COMMINUTION. The process of breaking into pieces. 

CONCOMITANT. Accompanying; existing in conjunc- 
tion with. 

CONDIGN. Adequate, deserved. 

CONGENITAL. Existing from birth; innate. 

CONGESTION. Excess of blood in a part. 

CONSERVE. To preserve or protect from injury or loss. 

CONSTIPATION. Sluggish action of the bowels. 

CONTAGION. The communication of disease by con- 
tact. 

CONTINENT. Complete abstinence from indulgence 
in sexual intercourse. 

CONVALESCENCE. The period of recovery after 
disease. 

COORDINATION. Harmonious action, as of muscles. 

CORD, SPINAL. The cord of nerve tissue in the canal 
of the spinal column. 

CORD, UMBILICAL. The navel-string attaching the 
foetus to the placenta or after-birth. 

CORIUM. The deep layer of the skin. 

CORROSIVE. A substance that eats away or destroys. 

CORRUGATION. A contraction into wrinkles or folds. 

CRISES. The plural of Crisis, a turning-point in any 
matter. 

CRITERIA. The plural of Criterion, a standard by 
which anything is judged. 

CROUPOUS. Pertaining to Croup, which is acute in- 
flammation of the larynx and trachea. 

CRUX. The cross, the central point. 
351 



GLOSSARY 



CULT. A system of religious belief. 

CURD. The coagulated or curdled part of milk, which 

is usually made into cheese. 
CUTANEOUS. Pertaining to the skin. 
CUTICLE. The epidermis or outer layer of the skin. 
CYST. A membranous sack containing fluid. 

D 

DEBILITY. Weakness, loss or want of strength. 

DECOMPOSITION. Putrefaction, decay. 

DEGENERATE. Fallen off from a better to a worse 

state ; declined in natural or moral worth. 
DELIRIUM. Mental aberration due to disease. 
DELIVERY. Parturition, child-birth. 
DENSITY. The quality of being close or compact. 
DENUDE. To make bare or naked. 
DEPLETE. To reduce, to lessen. 
DESIDERATA. Plural of Desideratum, a state of things 

to be desired. 
DETERIORATION. The act of reducing anything in 

value or quality. 

DETRIMENTAL. Causing hurt; injurious. 
DIAGNOSIS. The recognition of disease from its 

symptoms. 

DIAGNOSTICIAN. One skilled in diagnosing. 
DIAPHRAGM. The muscular wall between the chest 

and the abdomen. 
DIARRHEA. Excessive discharge of fluid evacuations 

from the bowels. 

DIET. Food; a system of feeding. 
DIETARY. Pertaining to diet; a system of feeding. 
DIETETICS. The branch of treatment referring to diet. 
352 



GLOSSARY 



DIETITIAN. One skilled in dietetics. 

DIGESTION. Conversion of food into form suitable for 

assimilation. 
DIGITALIS. Drug made from the poisonous plant, 

Foxglove, used as a heart stimulant. 
DILATE. To enlarge in all directions. 
DISINTEGRATION. The breaking-up of a body into its 

parts. 
DISLOCATION. A displacement of organs or of the 

surfaces of the articulations or joints. 
DISPARITY. Inequality. 
DISSECT. To separate the parts of. 
DISSOLUTION. Death. 
DOGMA. A doctrine put forward to be received on 

the authority of the propounder. 
DORSAL. Pertaining to the back; as to vertebrae, 

those lying between the neck and the loins. 
DOUCHE. A stream of water directed upon a part. 
DRASTIC. Powerful, acting with strength. 
DUCT. A tube to convey a liquid. 
DUODENUM. The first part of the small intestine. 
DYSPEPSIA. Impaired or imperfect digestion. 

E 

EFFLUVIUM. An exhalation or vapor perceivable by 
the sense of smell. 

e. g. For example. 

EJECT. To cast out. 

ELIMINATION. The act of expelling, excreting, cast- 
ing out. 

EMACIATED. Thin from loss of flesh. 

EMANATION. An effluvium; that which proceeds from 

a body. 

353 



GLOSSARY 



EMBOLISM. The obstruction of a blood-vessel by a 
blood-clot. 

EMETIC. A substance that causes vomiting. 

EMPIRICAL. Depending upon experience or observa- 
tion. 

ENEMA. A liquid injected into the rectum. 

ENEMATA. The plural of Enema. 

EPICURE. One who gives himself up to the enjoy- 
ments of the table. 

EPIDEMIC. Common to many people; a prevailing 
ailment. 

EPILEPSY. Falling sickness; a nervous affection with 
loss of consciousness and convulsions. 

EQUILIBRIUM. A state of balance. 

ERADICATE. To root out; to exterminate. 

EROTIC. Pertaining to sexual passion. 

ETHER. The subtle fluid filling all space; also a 
colorless fluid used as an anaesthetic. 

EVACUATION. The act of causing a discharge from 
any of the excretory passages. 

EVAPORATION. The process of turning into vapor. 

EXCRESCENCE. An abnormal outgrowth of the body. 

EXCRETE. To throw off worn-out material. 

EXPECTORATION. The process of ejecting matter from 
the lungs or trachea by spitting. 

EXTIRPATE. To cut out or off; to eradicate. 

EXTRA-UTERINE. Outside the uterus. 

EXUDATION. The state of being emitted like moisture 
through the pores. 

F 

FALLACY. That which deceives or misleads the eye 
or the mind. 

354 



FALLOPIAN TUBE. One of the two small tubes on 
each side of the uterus that convey the ova 
from the ovaries. 

FANATICISM. Extravagant notions or opinions. 

FECAL. Pertaining to the discharge of the bowels. 

FECES. The discharge of the bowels. 

FERMENT. To change by chemical action. 

FETID. Having an offensive smell. 

FETUS. The young in the womb after it is perfectly 
formed, i. e., after the fourth month of gestation. 

FICTITIOUS. Imaginary, false, not real. 

FILAMENT. A thread-like structure. 

FILTER. To strain from solid particles. 

FLEXIBILITY. The quality of being easily bent. 

FLUCTUATING. A rising and falling suddenly; un- 
steadiness. 

Focus. The meeting-point of reflected or refracted 
rays of light. 

FOMENTATION. The application of warm liquids to 
the body. 

FUNCTION. The normal or special action of a part. 

G 

GALL-BLADDER ~) The pear-shaped sac in the right 
GALL-CYST lobe of the liver, the reser- 

GALL-SAC ) voir for the bile. 

GALL-STONES. Stones built up of layers of carbonate 

of lime in the gall-bladder and its ducts. 
GANGLIA. Plural of Ganglion, a sub-nerve center. 
GANGRENE. The mortification or death of soft tissue. 
GASTRIC. Pertaining to the stomach. 
GELATINOUS. Resembling gelatine; jelly-like. 
355 



GLOSSARY 



GENITAL. Pertaining to the organs of generation. 

GERM. A microbe or bacterium. 

GERMICIDE. An agent destroying germs. 

GESTATION. The act of carrying young in the uterus 
from the time of conception to that of delivery. 

GLAND. A secretory organ. 

GLEET. Chronic state of gonorrhea with discharge. 

GONOCOCCUS. The specific germ of gonorrhea. 

GONORRHEA. A contagious inflammation with dis- 
charge from the genital organs. 

GRANULATION. Formation of small elevations on a 
healing surface. 

H 

HEART. The hollow muscular body, the center of the 
circulatory system. 

HEMISPHERE. Half a sphere; as to the brain, one of 
the upper spheroidal portions. 

HEMORRHAGE. A flow of blood from the vessels. 

HICCOUGH. A sudden inspiration followed by expira- 
tion accompanied by a noise. 

HYGIENE. The science of health. 

HYPERTROPHY. Abnormal increase in size of a part 
or an organ. 

HYPOCHONDRIAC. One affected with morbid anxiety 
regarding the health. 

HYPOTHESIS. A supposition. 

HYSTERIA. A nervous disorder of females with 
innumerable symptoms of an emotional nature. 



ILEO-CECAL. Pertaining to the Ileum and Cecum. 
ILEUM. The lower half of the small intestine. 
356 



GLOSSARY 



IMBIBED. Taken in by drinking. 

IMMUNITY. Freedom from risk of infection. 

IMPACTED. Wedged in. 

IMPEDE. To hinder; to obstruct. 

IMPETUS. The force with which any body is driven 
or impelled. 

IMPINGE. Literally, to fall against; in Osteopathy 
used with reference to nerves pinched between 
adjacent vertebrae. 

IMPOTENCE. A lack of sexual power. 

INANITION. Exhaustion arising from organic in- 
ability to assimilate food. 

INCEPTION. The beginning. 

INCOHERENCY. The quality of being unconnected in 
ideas, speech, etc. 

INCREMENT. Increase or growth. 

INCUMBENT. Resting upon one as a duty or obliga- 
tion. 

INDICES. Plural of Index, that which serves to point 
out, 

INDUBITABLE. Not to be doubted. 

INFECTION. The communication of disease-germs. 

INFILTERING. Sifting in, or filtering in. 

INFLUX. An inflow. 

INGEST. To introduce food into the body by the 
mouth. 

INHALE. To draw into the lungs. 

INJECTION. Forcing of liquid into a cavity or vessel 
of the body. 

INSALIVATE. To mix food with saliva during mastica- 
tion. 

INSIDIOUS. Sly, treacherous. 

INTENTION. The process of healing. 
357 



GLOSSARY 



INTERIM. The meantime; the intervening time or 

period. 

INTERMITTENT. Occurring at intervals. 
INTERSTICES. Spaces; intervals; pores. 
INTUSSUSCEPTED. One part slipped into another, said 

of the intestines. 
ITERATION. Repetition; the act of repeating. 



JEJUNUM. The second portion of the small intestine 

of which it forms two-fifths. 
JUGULAR. Pertaining to the neck. The jugular veins 

are three in number; their office is to return 

the blood from the head. 

K 

KATABOLISM. A retrograde change in the tissues of 

the body. 
KIDNEYS. The organs secreting urine. 



LARYNX. The upper part of the windpipe; the organ 

of voice. 

LASCIVIOUS. Lewd, lustful. 
LASSITUDE. Weakness, exhaustion. 
LESION. Structural tissue change from injury or 

disease. 

LEUCORRHEA. A whitish discharge from the vagina. 
LIGAMENT. A band of fibrous tissue binding parts 

together. 

358 



GLOSSARY 



LIVER. The largest glandular organ of the body, 
secreting bile. 

LOBE. A rounded division of an organ. 

LOCOMOTOR ATAXIA. A peculiar form of apparent 
paralysis with unsteady and disorderly mus- 
cular movements. 

LONGEVITY. Long life. 

LUBRICANT. A substance producing slipperiness, 
usually an oil or a grease. 

LUMEN. The caliber of a tube, afs of the bowels or 
blood-vessels. 

LUNGS. The organs of respiration. 

M 

MALIGNANT. Virulent; fatal. 

MALNUTRITION. Poor nutrition. 

MAMMALS. Animals who suckle their young. 

MANDATORY. Containing an order or command. 

MANIA. Delirium or madness. 

MANIPULATION. Treatmentwith the hands ; handling. 

MASSAGE. Manipulation; methodic pressure, friction, 

and kneading of the body. 
MASTICATION. The process of chewing. 
MASTURBATION. The production of the sexual orgasm 

in a manner other than natural. 
MAXIMUM. The greatest quantity. 
MEDIUM. That in which anything lives; surrounding 

conditions. 

MELANCHOLIA. Depression of spirits ; gloominess. 
MEMBRANE. A thin enveloping or lining substance. 
MENOPAUSE. The end of the menstrual life; the 

change of life. 

339 



GLOSSARY 



MENSES. The monthly flow from the womb. 

MENSTRUAL. Pertaining to the menses. 

MESENTERY. The membrane which forms the attach- 
ment between the small intestines and the 
abdomen. 

METABOLISM. A change in the intimate condition of 
cells, constructive or destructive. 

MICROBE. Any minute or micro-organism. 

MICRO-ORGANISM. A minute organism. 

MINIMUM. The smallest quantity. 

MISNOMER. A mistaken or misapplied name. 

MITIGATION. The process of making milder or 
abating. 

MITRAL. Miter-like; applied to the valve situated at 
the left auricular opening of the heart. 

MOBILITY. The property of being easily moved. 

MORBID. Not healthy; diseased; pertaining to 
disease. 

MORTALITY. The death rate; the state of being 
mortal. 

MOTOR. Applied to muscles and nerves moving a 
part. 

MUCOSA. A mucus membrane. 

Mucus. The viscid liquid secretion of mucus mem- 
brane. 

MUTATION. The act of changing; change. 

MYOPIA. Near-sightedness. 

MYOPIC. Pertaining to Myopia. 

N 

NARCOTIC. Medicine that produces sleep or torpor. 
NASAL. Pertaining to the nose. 
360 



GLOSSARY 



NAUSEA. Sickness at the stomach; a desire to vomit. 

NAVEL. The narrow and deep impression in the 
center of the abdomen, marking where the 
fetus was attached to the placenta by the 
umbilical cord; the umbilicus. 

NEUTRALIZE. To render negative or inactive. 

NOSTRILS. The two apertures or cavities in the nose 
which give passage to the air and to the secre- 
tions of the nose. 

NOSTRUM. A secret formula for a medicine, and the. 
medicine itself. 

Noxious. Harmful; poisonous. 

NUTRIENT. A nutritious substance; conveying nutri- 
ment. 

NUTRITION. The process of assimilation of food. 

NUTRITIVE. Affording nutrition. 

o 

OBESITY. Fatness; corpulence. 

OCCLUDE. To block up. 

OMENTUM. A fold of the peritoneum connecting the 
abdominal viscera with the stomach. 

OPIATE. A medicine compounded with opium; a 
narcotic. 

ORIFICE. A mouth or entrance; an opening. 

ORTHODOX. In accordance with that commonly held 
as true. 

Os. A mouth; as to the uterus, its opening into the 
vagina. 

OVARY. The organ of generation in the female, pro- 
ducing the ova or eggs. 

367 



GLOSSARY 



OVUM. The female reproductive cell ; an egg. Plural, 

Ova. 
OXYGEN. One of the gaseous elements ; the supporter 

of life and combustion. 



PABULUM. Food; anything nutritive. 

PACK. A moist towel or blanket placed on a patient. 

PALPATION. Exploration with the hand. 

PANCREAS. A digestive gland in the abdomen; the 
sweetbread. 

PARADOXICAL. Inclined to notions seemingly impos- 
sible. 

PARALYSIS. Loss of sensation or voluntary motion. 

PARASITE. An organism that inhabits another organ- 
ism and obtains nourishment from it. 

PASTEURIZE. To destroy the microbic life by heating 
the substance. 

PELVIS. The bony basin at the lower part of the 
trunk. 

PER. A Latin preposition havine the force of, passage 
through, by. 

PERIOSTEUM. A dense lining membrance covering the 
surface of the bones of the body. 

PERISTALSIS. The worm-like motion of the bowels, 
causing downward movement of their contents. 

PERITONEUM. The membrane lining the inner surface 
of the abdomen. 

PERITONITIS. Inflammation of the Peritoneum. 

PERMEATE. To pass through the pores of. 

PERNICIOUS. Highly destructive; fatal. 



GLOSSARY 



PHARYNX. The muscular membranous sac behind the 

mouth. 

PHYSIOLOGY. The science of the functions of the body. 
PHYSIQUE. The physical structure of an individual. 
PICKET-LINE. A line of guards posted in front of 

an army to give notice of the approach of the 

enemy. 
PLEURAL. Pertaining to the Pleura or membrane 

enveloping the lungs. 
PLIABLE. Easily bent. 
PNEUMOGASTRIC. Pertaining to the lungs and the 

stomach. 

POLEMICAL. Argumentative; controversial. 
PNEUMONIA. Inflammation of the lungs. 
PORE. A small opening in the skin. 
PORTAL. Pertaining to the Portal Vein which carries 

the blood to the liver. 
POST MORTEM. Occurring after death. 
POST NATAL. Occurring after birth. 
POTENTIAL. As adj ective, powerful ; as noun, possess- 
ing power. 

PRECLUDE. To shut out; to stop. 
PREGNANCY. The condition of being with child. 
PRESCRIBE. To lay down rules or directions ; to direct 

to be used as a remedy. 

PRIMORDIAL. First in order; primary, original. 
PRISTINE. Belonging to an early period or state; 

original, primitive. 

PROCREATION. Reproduction, generation. 
PROGNOSIS. Prediction of course and end of disease. 
PROLAPSED. Fallen down. 
PROPAGATE. To generate; to produce. 



363 



GLOSSARY 



PROSTATE. A glandular body situated around the 
neck of the bladder in the male. 

PROTEID. An albuminoid constituent of an organism. 

PROTEIN. The sulphur-free residue of a proteid after 
the action of caustic potash. 

PROTOPLASM. Primitive organic cell-matter; germinal 
matter. 

PSORIASIS. A chronic inflammatory skin-disease with 
scale formation. 

PSYCHO-THERAPY. The treatment of disease by men- 
tal influence. 

PUBERTY. The age of capability of reproduction. 

PULSATION. A beating or throbbing sensation. 

PULSE. The beat or shock felt in any artery when 
slight pressure is made on it, caused by the 
contraction of the heart. 

PURGATIVE. A substance causing watery evacuations 
from the bowels; a cathartic. 

Pus. A thick yellow fluid, the product of suppuration. 

PUTREFY. To cause to rot or decay with an offensive 
odor. 

PYLORUS. The opening of the stomach into the duo- 
denum. 

PYORRHEA. A discharge of pus, usually associated 
with the sockets of the teeth. 

Q 

QUASI. Almost; something which resembles. 
QUOTA. A proportional share or part. 

an 



GLOSSARY 



R 



RASH. An eruption on the skin. 

RATION. A stated or fixed amount; an allowance. 

RATIONAL. Reasonable. 

RATIONALE. A statement of reasons. 

RECIPROCAL. Mutual; mutually interchangeable. 

RECTUM. The lower part of the large intestine. 

RECUMBENT. Reclining; lying. 

RCUPERATION. Return to health; convalescence. 

RECUR. To occur again; to be repeated after in- 
tervals. 

REFLEX. An involuntary action from nerve-stimulus. 

REFUTE. To prove to be false or erroneous. 

REGIME. Mode or system of rule or management. 

REGIMEN. The methodic use of food. 

REGURGITATION. The flowing back into the vessels of 
the heart of the blood which has just left them. 

RELAXATION. Absence of tension, usually with refer- 
ence to the muscles. 

REMEDY. An agent used in the treatment of disease. 

REPLICA. A copy of an original. 

RESIDUE. That which remains. 

RESPIRATION. Inspiration and exhalation of air by 
the lungs. 

RHEUMATISM. A disease symptom with fever, pain, 
inflammation and swelling of the joints. 

RIGIDITY. Stiffness; immobility. 

ROTARY. Having a motion on its axis like a wheel. 

ROTATION. Turning on the axis. 

RUDIMENT. That which is unformed or undeveloped. 

365 



GLOSSARY 



SACRUM. Five vertebrae at the lower extremity of the 
spinal column that rapidly diminish in size 
from above downwards and are united into one 
mass in the adult. 

SALISBURY TREATMENT. A system of treatment em- 
ploying meat and hot water. 

SALIVARY. Pertaining to the saliva. 

SALIVATION. An excessive secretion of saliva. 

SALPINGITIS. Inflammation of a Fallopian tube. 

SALUTARY. Promotive of health. 

SATURATION. The condition of holding in solution all 
of a solid capable of being contained. 

SCROFULA. A constitutional condition with glandular 
tumors and a tuberculous tendency. 

SCURVY. Affected or covered with scurf or scabs. 

SECRETE. To separate from the blood. 

SENSORY. Pertaining to sensation. 

SENSUAL. Pertaining to the senses or bodily organs 
of perception. 

SEPTIC. Relating to putrefaction. 

SEPTICEMIA. A morbid condition from the absorption 
of septic products. 

SEQUENCE. A following or coming after; succession. 

SEROUS. Having the nature of serum. 

SERUM. The fluid constituent of the blood. 

SIGMOID FLEXURE. The S-shaped portion of the colon 
above the rectum. 

SIMULATE. To assume the likeness of; to feign, to 
counterfeit. 

SINUS. A hollow. In Anatomy the term is applied 
especially to a dilated vein or receptacle of 

blood. 

366 



GLOSSARY 



SITZ-BATH. A bath in a sitting posture. 

SLOUGH. To separate from the living part, as the 
dead part in mortification. 

SOPHISTICATED. Not genuine. 

SPECTRA. Colors. 

SPINAL CORD. The cord of nerve tissue in the canal 
of the spinal column. 

SPINE. The vertebral column. 

SPLEEN. An oval organ behind the outer end of the 
stomach. Its use is unknown. 

SPLINT. A support to hold fractured bones or in- 
flamed joints rigid. 

SPUTUM. Expectorated matter. 

STERILIZED. Subjected to heat of sufficient intensity 
to destroy germ life. 

STERTOROUS. Breathing with a sonorous sound. 

STIMULATION. The act of exciting ; a quickly diffused 
but transient increase of vital energy. 

STIMULUS. Anything exciting an organ. 

STOMACH. The chief digestive organ of the body. 

STRICTURE. A contraction of a duct or tube. The 
text refers to stricture of the urethra. 

STRYCHNINE. A highly poisonous alkaloid made from 
Nux Vomica. 

STULTIFACTION. Rendering worthless. 

STUPEFY. To make dull or dead to external influ- 
ences. 

SUBCUTANEOUS. Under the skin. 

SUBJACENT. Underlying. 

SUBSERVIENT. Acting as a subordinate instrument. 

SUBVERSIVE. Tending to overthrow. 

SUDORIFEROUS. Carrying sweat. 

SUPERFICIAL. Confined to the surface. 
367 



GLOSSARY 



SUPERSEDE. To displace. 

SUPERVENING. To take place; to happen; to occur. 

SUPPURATING. Forming pus. 

SUSTENANCE. That which supports life; food. 

SYMPTOM. A sign of disease. 

SYPHILIS. A chronic, infectious, venereal disease, 
which may also be hereditary, inducing cutane- 
ous and other lesions. 



TARTAR. The deposit of calcareous matter upon the 
teeth. 

TENSION. The state of being stretched. 

TENTATIVE. Based on experiment. 

TERM. A definite period, as the full Term of gesta- 
tion. 

THERAPEUTICS. Science concerned with the applica- 
tion of remedies and the treatment of disease. 

TISSUE. An aggregation of similar cells and fibers, 
forming a distinct structure. 

TITILLATION. The act or sensation of tickling. 

TONIC. An agent to produce normal tone of an organ 
or a part. 

TONSIL. A glandular organ on each side of the throat. 

TONSILITIS. Inflammation of the tonsils. 

TOXICATION. The process of cumulative poisoning 
from septic products. 

TOXIN. A poison formed by bacteria in both living 
tissues and dead substances. 

TRACHEA. The windpipe. 

TREMOR. Involuntary trembling. 

TRUNK. The body except the head and the limbs. 
368 



GLOSSARY 



TUBERCLE. A small nodule of glandular cells con 
stituting the condition called tuberculosis. 

TUBERCULAR. Pertaining to or containing tubercles. 

TUBERCULOSIS. An infectious disease due to a specific 
bacillus, characterized by the formation of 
tubercles. 

TYPHOID. Resembling typhus. Typhoid fever is a 
continued acute, infectious fever, with intestin- 
al lesions, etc. 

u 

ULCER. Suppuration upon a free surface; an open 
sore. 

UMBILICAL .CORD. The navel-string attaching the 
fetus to the placenta or after-birth. 

UMBILICUS. The narrow and deep impression in the 
center of the abdomen, marking where the 
fetus was attached to the placenta by the 
navel-string; the navel. 

UNITY. The state or condition of being one ; oneness ; 
singleness. 

URETER. A tube carrying urine from kidney to 
bladder. 

URETHRA. The excretory canal of the bladder. 

URETHRITIS. Inflammation of the urethra. 

URIC. Contained in or derived from urea, which is 
the chief solid constituent of urine, and is the 
principal waste product of tissue-decomposition. 

URINE. The excretion of the kidneys. 

UTERUS. The hollow muscular organ of the female 
generative system in which the fetus is con- 
tained during pregnancy. 
369 



GLOSSARY 



V 

VAGINA. The canal from the vulva to the uterus. 
VALVULAR. Pertaining to a valve. 
VEGETARIAN. One whose diet is vegetable. 
VENEREAL. Pertaining to sexual intercourse. 
VENOUS. Pertaining to a vein as opposed to an artery. 
VERITY. The quality or state of being true; truth. 
VERTEBRA. A bony segment of the spinal column. 

Plural, Vertebrae. 
VICE VERSA. The reverse ; the terms of the case being 

reversed. 
VIRULENCE. The quality or state of being extremely 

poisonous. 
VIRUS. Any organic poison; the pus from an ulcer; 

the result of some morbid action on the system. 
VISCERA. The contents of the body cavities. 
VISCID. Glutinous; ropy. 
Viscous. The same as Viscid. 
VISUAL. Pertaining to vision. 
VITIATE. To taint; to infect. 
VITUPERATION. Abuse. 
Viz. To, wit; namely; that is. 
VOLITION. The will to act. 
VULVA. The external female genitals. 

w 

WET-NURSE. A woman who suckles the child 01 

another. 
WHEY. The liquid part of milk separating from the 

curd in coagulation. 
WOMB. The Uterus. 

370 



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